Heartburn - This is a feeling of discomfort and burning in the upper abdomen (epigastric region) and in the chest (more precisely, behind the sternum - along the esophagus). Heartburn is caused by highly acidic stomach contents entering the esophagus. For the stomach, an acidic environment is normal, it is a necessary component of the digestive process. But the esophagus is intended only for transporting food, and the ingress of acid from the stomach into it causes irritation of the mucous membrane.
Symptoms associated with heartburn
Heartburn is often accompanied by belching and bloating (flatulence). Feelings of nausea may occur.
Heartburn appears, as a rule, after eating and can last a considerable time - up to 2 hours or longer. Supine position and torso bends can provoke or worsen heartburn.
In some cases, patients complain that heartburn makes it difficult to swallow, interferes with sleep. In an asthmatic person, heartburn can cause wheezing in the throat, coughing, and shortness of breath. Sometimes heartburn can be mistaken for a burning sensation in the chest caused by problems of the cardiovascular system (this is how angina pectoris can manifest itself). However, a burning sensation behind the sternum with angina pectoris usually occurs after exercise or stress and is not associated with food intake. In the case of angina pectoris, the burning sensation will pass if you take nitroglycerin, but nitroglycerin does not work on heartburn. If you managed to beat heartburn with nitroglycerin, contact your cardiologist - you need to do an ECG and check the condition of the heart. Heartburn Causes
- Heartburn can occur even in a healthy person. As a direct
- causes of heartburn
- can speak:
- overeating. With an excessive amount of food eaten, the stomach stretches, and the air in the lumen of the stomach enters the esophagus. Drops of gastric contents can enter the esophagus together with air;
- too many citrus fruits eaten. Citrus juice further increases the acidity in the stomach, which leads to irritation of the mucous membranes;
- spices and herbs. The gastric mucosa is adapted to dishes of a certain pungency. Eating unexpectedly spicy food (some exotic dish) is very likely to cause heartburn in you;
- coffee if you drink too much or make it too strong;
- carbonated drinks or foods that produce gas. The gases accumulated in the stomach will pass through the esophagus (belching), and at the same time, drops of stomach contents will irritate the mucous membrane;
- aerophagia, that is, swallowed air. You can swallow air, for example, if you talk while eating;
some medications; stress; lifting weights and bending down immediately after eating, increasing intra-abdominal pressure.
- factors conducive to the occurrence of heartburn
- ... It:
- smoking. Tobacco smoke provokes the release of excess gastric juice, irritating the stomach lining;
overweight (obesity). With obesity, intra-abdominal pressure increases; pregnancy. In this case, intra-abdominal pressure increases due to the enlarged uterus; too tight clothing, squeezing the abdominal cavity.
Recurrent heartburn is
symptom of many diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
, such as:
Heartburn: What To Do?
With an attack of heartburn, doctors prescribe adsorbents, enveloping agents, and drugs that reduce acidity. Soda is often used as a home remedy, but it is undesirable to use it as a regular remedy. Soda, although it neutralizes acid, when it enters the stomach, causes an increase in carbon dioxide, which builds up pressure inside the stomach and can cause a second attack of heartburn.
- If heartburn occurs from time to time, it should be assumed that there is some kind of chronic illness. In this case, it is necessary to consult a gastroenterologist and undergo an examination.
- Prevention of heartburn
- Whatever the cause of heartburn, there are steps you can take that will definitely benefit you:
- eat right. Minimize the consumption of fatty, spicy and salty foods. Try to consume less chocolate, coffee, alcohol, carbonated drinks. Avoid large meals. Food should be chewed thoroughly;
- do not go to bed immediately after eating, do not lift weights or bend over;
wear clothing that does not compress the abdominal cavity;
watch your weight;
- Treatment of heartburn can be divided into symptomatic (that is, acting on the heartburn itself, as a symptom of a disease and thereby reducing its intensity and frequency) and pathogenetic (from the word pathogenesis - the development of the disease), that is, the disease itself, which caused heartburn.
- Almost all medicines for heartburn are aimed at reducing the acidity (and therefore aggressiveness) of gastric juice, which is thrown into the esophagus. There are two groups of such medicines:
Antacids (neutralize the hydrochloric acid of gastric juice), the treatment of which is mainly symptomatic, that is, improving the condition (heartburn decreases or disappears for a while and reappears), but does not act on the cause itself (disease).
- But the contribution of this group of drugs for heartburn is very large and sometimes you cannot do without them. They are a salvation for sudden and rare heartburn, and some of them can be used during pregnancy. Antacids can be absorbable (for example, baking soda, burnt magnesia, Bourget's mixture, basic calcium carbonate, Rennie, Tams) and non-absorbable (phosphalugel, almagel, maalox, gastal, gaviscon). We will talk about them in more detail below.
- Antisecretory drugs are more serious remedies for heartburn.
They do not just neutralize hydrochloric acid, like antacids, but prevent it from being produced. This group of drugs can be attributed to pathogenetic treatment, that is, aimed at treating the disease. There are two groups of antisecretory drugs:
blockers of H2-histamine receptors (that is, these drugs block special H2-histamine receptors of the gastric mucosa and thereby disrupt the formation of hydrochloric acid). For example, cimetidine, ranitidine, famotidine.
- proton pump inhibitors - suppress the production of hydrochloric acid by blocking a special proton pump (through which electrolytes pass) of the cells of the gastric mucosa. For example, omeprazole, pantoprazole, lansoprazole.
- All medicines for heartburn, depending on the consistency, can be divided into syrups, gels and tablets. Quite often, the following pills for heartburn are used:
Rennie is an absorbable antacid (as discussed above).
- Chewable tablets with orange or mint flavor. They are quickly absorbed, neutralize the hydrochloric acid of gastric juice and thus protect the esophagus and stomach. But the effect is not long lasting. The disadvantage of all absorbed antacids is that after the end of the action of the drug, a reverse effect occurs ("acid rebound"), when hydrochloric acid is produced again and in greater quantities.
Gastal is an antacid, non-absorbable drug.
This is a combined preparation containing aluminum and magnesium salts. Thanks to this, it also has a protective effect on the gastric mucosa, blocks the enzymes of bile and bile acids. Non-absorbable antacids have no "acid rebound". Acts immediately after administration, the effect lasts from 1-2 hours. There are other drugs with a similar composition and effect: maalox, almagel, altacid.
Omeprazole is an antisecretory drug that blocks the production of hydrochloric acid.
- The advantage of this group of drugs for heartburn is long-term and more effective action. It is used to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, one of the symptoms of which is heartburn. The newer generation of this group of drugs includes pantoprazole (or sanpraz), lansoprazole, rabeprazole (or sanpraz).
- How to get rid of heartburn at home
- Heartburn usually appears suddenly. When there is a burning sensation in the chest, bitterness in the mouth and belching at this moment there is only one desire to accept any remedy that is available at home. Of course, the best option is any antacid drug that we described above (Rennie, Almagel, Phosphalugel, Maalox, etc.). But the home medicine cabinet does not always have the necessary pills and a pharmacy in direct accessibility. If this is the case, several options for emergency assistance can be considered.
- Soda for heartburn is a well-known way to help yourself with this discomfort. Dissolve 1 teaspoon of baking soda in ½ glass of water, drink slowly.
- Milk - drink a glass of milk in small sips.
- Just drink a glass of water in large sips, for some people this method also helps.
- Mineral alkaline water without gas. If carbonated is available, release gases.
Rice porridge, boiled in water.
Chamomile tea or tea.
Honey. 1 teaspoon of honey, wash down with water.
However, you should not use any of the above remedies constantly or without consulting your doctor. Heartburn can be a symptom of another medical condition, and any uncontrolled treatment can have serious consequences.
Soda for heartburn
If you ask any person what helps with heartburn, then many will remember first of all about soda - the most popular remedy. Soda - sodium bicarbonate, belongs to the absorbed antacid drugs. The advantage is that this heartburn remedy is readily available at home. It acts quickly and effectively enough, since the alkaline environment neutralizes the hydrochloric acid of the stomach. 1/2 cup of water is diluted with 1 teaspoon of soda, slowly drink this solution.
But it is important to know that soda for heartburn can only be used in an emergency and rarely. The effect of it is temporary and it does not eliminate the cause.
- Why does heartburn come back quickly? There is a concept of "acid rebound" - this is when, after neutralizing hydrochloric acid, after a while, it is produced again, and in larger quantities. As a result, there is an even greater damaging effect on the mucous membrane of the esophagus and heartburn resumes. Therefore, you can use this remedy once to get rid of heartburn. But if this symptom bothers you often, then it is better to consult a doctor to prevent the consequences of heartburn and complications from frequent soda intake.
- Folk remedies for heartburn
- There are also folk remedies for heartburn. It is important to understand that all folk remedies are only symptomatic treatment, which has a temporary effect, but does not get rid of the cause. Therefore, if you are worried about frequent heartburn, it is better to see a doctor.
- Cedar oil - a teaspoon 3 times a day before meals, the course is 1 month.
- Plantain leaves - mix with sugar, 1 tablespoon each.
- Infusion of herbs from chamomile, plantain, St. John's wort. The ratio is 1: 4: 4. A tablespoon 3 times a day.
- Golden mummy - dilute the mummy at the tip of a knife in a tablespoon of warm water. Take 2 times a day. The course is 1 month.
Herbal infusion of chamomile, celandine, St. John's wort, licorice root and yarrow. Mix everything in equal parts. Diluted in a glass of boiling water 1 tablespoon of the mixture. Take 30 minutes before meals, 3 times a day, 1 glass. The course is 1 month.
Dill seeds - steep 1 tablespoon in a glass of water. Take before meals.
Mint infusion. Brew 1 teaspoon in one glass of boiling water. Very tasty and healthy. But it must be remembered that mint lowers blood pressure. Therefore, people with a tendency to low blood pressure should not be abused.
Treating the disease that caused heartburn
There are many diseases that can cause heartburn. But the main ones are the so-called acid-dependent diseases, which are based on the aggressiveness of hydrochloric acid in gastric juice.
The most common of these diseases is GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease). What helps with heartburn in this case? To quickly stop this discomfort, you can use antacids (phosphalugel, gaviscon, rennie, maalox). But this will only ease the condition for a while. The basis of treatment is antisecretory drugs from the group of proton pump blockers (omeprazole, sanpraz, pariet, nexium), with a course of at least 1 month.
In case of gastric ulcer, eradication therapy is prescribed - this treatment is aimed at destroying the bacteria "Helicobacter pylori", which contributes to the appearance of ulcers. There are several schemes, which include antibiotics, antisecretory drugs (omeprazole, pariet, sanpraz), bismuth preparations (de-nol).
A hiatal hernia (hiatal hernia) is treated symptomatically. The most important principle does not lie down after eating for 30-40 minutes. Follow a diet and proper diet. And also take pills for heartburn (gastal, rennie, omeprazole, sanpraz, gaviscon). If the HH is large, then surgical treatment is prescribed.
With Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, surgical treatment of a pancreatic tumor is necessary. Since it is she who is the cause of ulcers. But what will help with heartburn in this case? Any fast-acting antacid preparation (Almagel, Gaviscon, Maalox, Rennie, Gastal).
Treatment of diseases, the symptom of which is heartburn, is prescribed only by a doctor.
Heartburn treatment in pregnant women
How to get rid of heartburn if you are expecting a baby? After all, not all drugs can be taken during gestation. Since the reason in this case is hormonal changes in the body and the pressure of the enlarging uterus on the stomach, the treatment is aimed only at alleviating the condition.The basic principle in this case is diet. You need to eat often (4-6 times a day) and in small portions. Do not eat 2-3 hours before bedtime. Do not lie down after eating for 30-40 minutes. Exclude spicy, fatty, fried.
As for drugs, antisecretory drugs are contraindicated. But some antacids are allowed (Rennie, Gaviscon). If there is no cure for heartburn in your home medicine cabinet, then you can take baking soda. But remember that this is only an emergency aid, it cannot be used constantly, since at the end of the action, hydrochloric acid of the gastric juice is produced in greater quantities, thereby increasing its aggressiveness.
As for folk remedies for heartburn, then during pregnancy it is dangerous, because various herbs and infusions can harm the baby. In any case, treatment during this crucial period is prescribed only by a doctor. If the heartburn persists, it is comforting that in the last month of pregnancy it will decrease or disappear altogether, since the amount of progesterone decreases and the uterus goes down (which reduces the pressure on the stomach).
Heartburn- painful burning sensation and soreness behind the sternum in the lower or middle part. It can occur suddenly, often depending on body position, diet and the state of the nervous system.
Anatomy and physiology of the stomach and esophagus
Why does heartburn occur? Before answering this question, it is worth considering this question, it is worth getting acquainted with the anatomy and physiology of the digestive system. We will try to provide this information concisely and clearly.
- Esophagus Is a hollow tubular muscular organ. It originates from the pharynx and flows into the stomach. The esophagus serves as a conductive tubular system to move solid food or any liquid into the lower parts of the digestive system.
- The esophagus wall consists of 3 layers: Mucous
- - represented by multilayer non-keratinizing mucous epithelium. This layer has a high regeneration rate. Externally, the mucous membrane of the esophagus is similar to the mucous membrane of the pharynx and has a similar structure. Muscular
- is represented by connective tissue, which acts as a suspension and fixing frame of the esophagus. Thanks to her, the esophagus has flexibility, but at the same time, it does not lose its anatomical shape and does not change its position.
- Is a hollow, sac-shaped organ that is a thickening of the digestive tract. In the stomach, the food received is processed with a number of enzymes and hydrochloric acid.
- The walls of the stomach are also composed of three layers - mucous, muscular and peritoneum. Slimy
- - represented by a single-layer columnar epithelium. Various cells of this epithelium synthesize and secrete digestive enzymes and hydrochloric acid into the lumen of the stomach. Muscular
- represented by three layers - longitudinal, circular and oblique. Thanks to their well-coordinated work, food is mixed in the stomach and its systematic movement into the duodenum.Peritoneum
- Covers the outside of the stomach with a thin, film-like, mucous tissue. Thanks to its properties, the stomach has the ability to slide relative to other organs during movements caused by its muscle tissue.
Digestive secretion activity
and hydrochloric acid is regulated by the autonomic nervous system. The tone and activity of contractions of the muscle fibers of the esophagus, gastroesophageal sphincter are also regulated by the autonomic nervous system.
The autonomic nervous system is a part of the central nervous system that is responsible for the involuntary regulation of the work of internal organs, vascular tone, etc. But the autonomic nervous system is closely related to the rest of the nervous system, which has a great impact on it.The mechanism of heartburn
Heartburn occurs when stomach contents enter the lumen of the esophageal cavity. The thing is that the gastric mucosa is adapted to ensure that the high acidity of gastric juice and its digestive enzymes do not damage it.
But the mucous membrane of the esophagus has no protection against aggressive factors of gastric juice. For this reason, the return of stomach contents into the esophagus is accompanied by chemical and enzymatic
mucous membrane of the esophagus.
- This burn causes a burning sensation, discomfort and even pain during gastroesophageal reflux. As you can see, heartburn is not an independent disease, but a manifestation of certain conditions and diseases. We write about them in the next section of the article.
- The causes of heartburn Overeating
- - food is simply not able to fit in the stomach and the pressure created in it when mixing food leads to its return into the esophagus. Pregnancy
- - in late pregnancy, heartburn can be caused by several factors: an increase in intra-abdominal pressure (due to a multiple increase in the volume of the uterus), and an increase in the level of hormones in the blood that relax the fibers of smooth muscle tissue (of which the uterus and the muscle of the esophagus and stomach are composed). The use of drugs
- , which can increase the acidity of the stomach, interfere with the work of the autonomic nervous system, change the tone of muscle tissue. Increased acidity of the stomach
- - Excessive secretion of hydrochloric acid can lead to inflammatory processes in the wall of the stomach itself, which can cause reflux. Diaphragmatic hernia of the esophagus
- ... Normally, the area of the esophagus in the place where it passes through the diaphragm is narrow and adjacent to the muscular sphincter. In some cases, the expansion of the esophagus is observed in this particular place. This defect makes it impossible to close the gastroesophageal sphincter. Diabetes
- leads to disruption of gas exchange and metabolic processes in tissues, which can lead to disruption of smooth muscle tissue. Also, poor circulation in the stomach can lead to increased acidity.
Heartburn due to neuropsychiatric disorders
- as a rule, it is observed among people with a labile psyche (being depressed or prone to hysteria). Mental disorders affect the work of the autonomic nervous system, which in these cases incorrectly controls the tone of the muscle tissue of the esophagus and stomach, and is also the cause of the increased formation of hydrochloric acid.What to do if you have heartburn?
To diagnose the causes of heartburn, you need to seek personal advice from a physician or gastroenterologist.
On examination, the doctor will pay attention to the shape of the chest (curvature of the chest can be one of the causes of reflux), heart sounds, rhythm of the pulse (sometimes signs of heartburn can be mistaken forangina pectoris
- ), assess the abdomen by touch (tension in the abdominal muscles may indicate a serious inflammatory process). For a more detailed study, you will need
- instrumental examinations FEGDS (fibroesophagastroduodenoscopy)
- - allows you to visually examine the mucous membrane of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. With heartburn, as a rule, an inflamed mucous membrane of the esophagus is detected, in some cases even erosion and ulcers in the mucous membrane. Also, neoplasms of the esophagus, cysts and other injuries can be detected.
- Fluoroscopy with contrast - allows you to study the dynamics of the movement of substances through the esophagus and stomach, as well as to identify the anatomical features and pathologies of each of their organs (neoplasms, cysts, hernia of the esophagus).
- Laboratory research: Blood chemistry
wear clothing that does not compress the abdominal cavity;
(blood sugar, gastrin levels) - these hormones can cause increased secretion of gastric juice.
- Laboratory analysis of gastric juice (determination of acidity) - allows you to identify one of the causes of heartburn.
- How to get rid of heartburn? Change your diet
- - fractional meals will reduce the frequency of heartburn attacks. Try to eat more often - 5-6 times a day, but in small portions. Eliminate sour foods from your diet
- , reduce the amount of spices in all dishes to a minimum. All peppery, salty causes an increased secretion of gastric juice.
- Do not eat before going to bed and resting. ... The last meal is recommended less than an hour before bedtime. Eat little before bed.
- Milk does not improve the condition. Reduces heartburn symptoms only temporarily. But, after 20-30 minutes, taking milk increases the secretion of the stomach. Try to eat fiber-rich foods
- (fruits, vegetables, coarse bread). With heartburn, oatmeal boiled in water has a beneficial effect on the mucous membrane of the stomach and esophagus.
Reduce your fat intake to a minimum
... Fats require a longer processing in the stomach, therefore they stimulate the production of gastric juice.
Smoking and alcohol consumption should be avoided.
Heartburn medicineIn the treatment of heartburn, drugs of various groups are used. However, it should be borne in mind that heartburn is not an independent disease, but only a manifestation of an illness or a disturbed condition. Therefore, first of all, to prevent recurrence of heartburn, it is necessary to heal the disease itself. In the case of pregnancy, as a rule, after the birth of a child, heartburn itself disappears.
Due to the fact that hydrochloric acid has the main damaging effect on the wall of the esophagus during reflux, it would be logical to reduce the acidity of gastric juice.There are several groups of medicines that cope with this task.
- Heartburn Antacids
- These preparations contain chemical compounds neutralizing acidity (aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, calcium carbonate, magnesium hydroxycarbonate). Entering into a chemical reaction in the cavity of the esophagus and stomach, these compounds neutralize acidity.
- Benefits of antacid drugs:
- Do not have a general effect on the body
- Affordable price
- These drugs can be used during pregnancy and lactation.
- Disadvantages of antacids:
Drugs that reduce gastric acid secretion (proton pump blockers,H2 histamine blockers)
Proton pump blockers
- These drugs block the ability of secreting cells of the gastric mucosa to produce hydrochloric acid. Thus, the acidity of the stomach decreases.
- H2 blockers of githamine receptors
- ... These drugs specifically bind to the surface of gastric secretory cells at histamine H2 receptors, blocking them. Due to this blocking, the secretion of hydrochloric acid is reduced.
- Benefits of drugs that reduce secretion
Have a long-lasting effect
- Do not affect the activity of peristalsis
- Possible appointment during pregnancy and lactation
- Disadvantages of drugs that reduce secretion
After taking the onset of action no earlier than 30 minutes later.
Influence the activity of other medications taken
They can cause a number of severe complications, so the use is possible only under the supervision of the attending physician.
Can baking soda treat heartburn?
In fact, soda, entering into a chemical reaction with hydrochloric acid, neutralizes the latter, thereby reducing the acidity of the stomach. However, soda has one important drawback - during a chemical reaction, a lot of carbon dioxide is released, which acts as an irritant on the gastric mucosa, further stimulating it to produce gastric juice. Therefore, treating heartburn with soda is like putting out a fire with gasoline.
Heartburn treatment during pregnancyIn order to reduce the frequency of heartburn attacks, pregnant women should first of all adhere to fractional nutrition, do not take a horizontal position earlier than 30-45 minutes after eating, take food in small portions, sleep or rest during the day should take a position in the raised head end of the body (angle about 15-25 degrees).
During pregnancy, it is necessary to avoid taking any medications, but the possibility of complications requires, including medical assistance for heartburn.
Consider a group of drugs that can be taken for heartburn during pregnancy.
Preparations from the group of antacidsTheir use during pregnancy is possible, however, it should be borne in mind that medications such as Almagel or Maalox, if taken regularly, can cause constipation. Given that many women during pregnancy and without these drugs have this unpleasant factor, these medicines should be excluded as the main means of treating heartburn. Rennie's drug is devoid of such an effect (does not cause constipation), therefore it is the drug of choice during pregnancy.
-Some drugs from the group have been tested
H2 histamine blockers
... These drugs have been shown to be safe when used during pregnancy.
Drugs from the group of antisecretory proton pump blockers have not been studied for safety during pregnancy. Therefore, you should refrain from them (it is possible to use it with the permission of your gynecologist).
Hello dear readers. Such a physiological phenomenon as heartburn occurs quite often. Only in our country about half of the adult population faces this problem from time to time. But children are not immune from it either. Heartburn is also a frequent guest during pregnancy. Many people know firsthand how harassing such a condition can be. Therefore, you need to know how to get rid of heartburn quickly and effectively, as well as find out the causes of this unpleasant phenomenon.
Where does heartburn come from - what is it
Sometimes after eating there is an uncomfortable or burning sensation in the esophagus and pharynx, accompanied by belching, chest pain and acrid bitter-sour taste. This condition is called heartburn.
- It develops as a result of the aggressive action of digestive juices on the walls of the esophagus during gastric reflux - the reverse movement of food masses, liquid or gases from the stomach upward.
- A completely healthy person can also face this. But frequent bouts of heartburn indicate a pathological condition.
- Various factors can cause a burning sensation in the throat:
- Overeating, eating at night.
- Drinking alcohol, hot drinks, coffee, as well as chocolate, citrus fruits, fatty foods, mint additives.
- Excess weight.
- Clothing or belt that tightens the abdomen.
- Weak closing ability of the lower esophageal sphincter.
Excess stomach acid due to acidic foods, medication or gastritis.
Ulceration of the mucous membrane of the esophageal tube, its pathological narrowing (stricture), the presence of tumor growth in it.
Violation of the motor functions of the esophagus, stomach or duodenum 12.
How to get rid of heartburn quickly and effectively at home
To eliminate the burning sensation, you can use various improvised means. Many of them are harmless, and some are potential hazards and should be used with caution.
Also, modern pharmacology provides a fairly wide selection of drugs for heartburn. Unfortunately, there is no universal way to deal with it, and you need to select funds on an individual basis.
1. "Juice therapy"
Various vegetable juices are used for both prevention and elimination of rolling heartburn.
It can be a squeeze from:
- celery root;
It is better to take them before meals in the amount of several large spoons. They can be mixed with each other in any proportion. It should be borne in mind that fresh beetroot juice cannot be consumed. It must be squeezed out in advance and allowed to stand for several hours.
Juice therapy is a useful and fairly safe way to prevent a burning sensation in the esophagus. Potato juice is most effective against heartburn. For its preparation, tubers are selected that have not sprouted and have not turned green.
They should be washed and peeled off. But it is not necessary to remove the peel. Grated potatoes are squeezed out in any convenient way. You need to drink the juice a few minutes after preparation, without stirring up the starch sediment. After 10 minutes after pressing, the product loses its medicinal properties.
If heartburn is constantly tormenting, then you need to take potato juice daily in a glass in the morning. It is recommended to start eating no earlier than an hour later. The course of admission is 10 days. After that, it is recommended to take a break of the same duration and repeat the juice therapy. Several of these approaches can be followed for consistent results.
- It is undesirable to carry out this treatment in the spring - solanine has time to accumulate in the potatoes, which can lead to poisoning. You should not use this method for those who suffer from diabetes or have low acidity. Also, you can not abuse potato juice. Long-term use of it can cause problems with the pancreas.
- 2. The use of medicinal plants
- Alternative medicine is replete with various recipes for heartburn. To eliminate it, all kinds of herbal teas, decoctions and infusions from individual plants are used. Here are examples of popular remedies.
- Chamomile infusion is drunk in the amount of 1 tbsp. at a time in small sips. Use the remedy three times a day for three weeks. To prepare a drink, you need 2-3 large tablespoons of raw materials to immerse in a glass of boiling water, insist until cool and strain.
- Powdered calamus rhizome is taken in small quantities in its original form or mixed with water. The remedy works instantly, but it cannot be used in case of exacerbation of renal diseases.
- Gentian root (20 g) is poured with boiling water (1 tbsp.), The mixture is infused for half an hour, then filtered. You need to take the infusion 0.5 hours before meals, one large spoonful.
- Warm mint broth doesn't work for everyone. Sometimes the discomfort intensifies. But a lot of people deal with heartburn in this way. They brew a small spoonful of dried mint with a cup of boiling water and drink the slightly cooled liquid in unhurried sips.
- A large spoonful of centaury is poured with a glass of boiling water and kept in a steam bath for 20 minutes. After cooling, the product is filtered and mixed with a spoonful of honey. To eliminate the burning sensation, you need to drink half a glass of such a decoction.
A large spoonful of dried crushed dried milk powder is poured into a thermos, 200 ml of boiled water is poured and kept for 2-3 hours. The finished infusion is drunk in a large spoon before each meal.
To relieve heartburn, tea is replaced with an angelica crushed into dust (a mixture of leaves with seeds). It is prepared as usual tea leaves and drunk without straining.
First, a mixture of chamomile, St. John's wort and plantain is prepared in a ratio of 1: 2: 2. Then 0.5 tbsp. l. collection, pour 300 ml of boiling water and leave for 20 minutes. The filtered infusion is taken in a large spoonful before meals 3 r. per day.
3. Use of seeds
Various seeds also help with heartburn. For example, you can use a decoction of a mixture of dill and anise seeds in equal proportions. A small spoonful of raw materials is immersed in a glass of boiling water, insisted until the liquid cools down, and drink in small sips until the unpleasant symptoms disappear.
Another way is flaxseed infusion. Here, a large spoonful of ground flax is poured over a glass of boiling water overnight, and in the morning the resulting thick mass is divided into 3 servings and consumed half an hour before meals. It should be borne in mind that this jelly is a strong laxative. And it should not be used in case of recurrence of cholecystitis.
Another good remedy for a sudden burning sensation is dry peas. It is necessary to grind a handful of peas in a coffee grinder and take, if necessary, a teaspoon of the resulting powder.
It can be washed down with water or mixed with a small amount. If it is not possible to grind the product, whole peas are simply chewed, having previously steamed them with boiling water. 5-6 pieces will be enough. Fresh green peas also help.
Pumpkin and sunflower seeds have proven to be an effective remedy against heartburn. You should not fry them, just dry them slightly. They are eaten on an empty stomach in small quantities after waking up, and then in the afternoon when a characteristic burning sensation appears.
With frequent bouts of heartburn, buckwheat should be introduced into the diet. It can be eaten in the form of cereals, soups, pies, etc. And with a sudden onset of burning sensations in the esophagus, you can take a little grains crushed into flour.
But first they must be dried in a pan until they are saturated brown. They also take such a remedy for a three-week course, during which it is eaten by a third of a small spoon three times a day.
Soda, salt and mummy
A well-known effective remedy for heartburn is calcium bicarbonate, a simple baking soda. It is used in its pure form in the amount of ¼ or ½ of a small spoon.
Someone mixes soda with heated water and takes in small portions, and someone sends the powder into the mouth, and only then drinks it down. After that, you need to loosen the belt and sit quietly for about 10 minutes. If the unpleasant feeling in the throat has not disappeared, the procedure is repeated.
Sometimes an effervescent drink is made from soda by combining a soda solution with vinegar. It is better to use apple cider, but in the absence of it, table cider is also suitable, as well as citric acid or natural lemon juice.
Soda is mixed with an acidic component 1: 1 (half as many "lemon" crystals are taken). As soon as the liquid foams, you need to drink it. This method allows you to suppress heartburn very quickly. But it is also one of the most harmful methods that can be used extremely rarely in the form of emergency assistance.
- You need to understand that this is a symptomatic remedy that helps to remove external manifestations. Therefore, with frequent heartburn, it is necessary to consult a specialist to identify the root cause of the pathology and engage in targeted treatment.
- When soda enters the stomach cavity, it reacts with the acid located there. Carbon dioxide is released. It acts on the mucous membrane irritatingly, which can cause a new, stronger attack of heartburn due to increased production of digestive juices.
- But the danger of bicarbonate is not only this. If abused, it leads to a number of negative consequences.
- The concentration of sodium in the body increases.
- The excretion of potassium ions from the body is enhanced, which negatively affects cardiac activity.
- The elasticity of blood vessels decreases, their fragility increases.
Kidney function deteriorates, fluid stagnation is observed.
The pH of various environments in the body rises, including blood, and alkalosis develops.
Digestive upset often occurs, headaches, nervous reactions, spasm of internal organs may appear.
Salt is also used as a remedy for heartburn. For this ¼ h. L. crystals are placed in the mouth and dissolve. This will help initiate the synthesis of enzymes that neutralize the action of bile.
Shilajit is also used as a stimulant. They drink it before bed and in the morning for 4 weeks, mixing 0.2 g of this resin with a spoonful of milk, water or honey. If you want to repeat the treatment course, you should first take a two-week break. Since the mummy contains bioactive substances, it cannot be taken during pregnancy and lactation, with hemophilia, hypertension, and also under the age of 3 years.
Shot from the cartoon "Dobrynya Nikitich and the Serpent Gorynych"
What is heartburn and how does it manifest
This burning sensation behind the breastbone is due to stomach acid entering the esophagus. Doctors call this process gastroesophageal reflux. In fact, the acid burns, as it were, the lining of the esophagus, which is more delicate than that of the stomach.
Heartburn most often occurs after eating and sometimes at night. It gets worse when lying down or when you bend over. Usually accompanied by a bitter or sour taste in the mouth. Less common are coughs, hiccups, hoarse voice, bloating, and nausea.
Why does it arise
- Normally, the acid does not leave the stomach - the esophageal sphincter does not pass it. It is an annular muscle that contracts and closes the inlet.
- In a healthy person, the sphincter relaxes only while eating. With heartburn, it weakens and can open at any time, causing acid to enter the esophagus.
- Heartburn sometimes occurs in healthy people. It can be provoked by such reasons:
- coffee, alcohol, chocolate, fatty or spicy foods;
pregnancy in which the growing uterus compresses the abdominal organs;
stress and anxiety;
anti-inflammatory pain relievers (such as ibuprofen or paracetamol).
In healthy people, heartburn is rare (less than twice a week) and quickly goes away.
If this happens all the time, chances are you have developed gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
- Heartburn can also be caused by a hiatal hernia, when part of the stomach is pushed through the diaphragm into the chest.
- What foods cause heartburn
- Avoid them if you suffer from heartburn:
- spicy food;
- tomato products such as ketchup;
- fatty or fried foods;
alcohol, soda, coffee, or other caffeinated beverages;
Any other food, if you eat too much of it, can cause heartburn - from a full stomach, acid easily penetrates the esophagus.
Why heartburn is dangerous
If it is rare, then nothing. But constant irritation of the mucous membrane in gastroesophageal reflux disease causes dangerous lesions of the esophagus, for example, esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, or even cancer.
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- When to see a doctor
- Call an ambulance if you experience severe burning or tight chest pain, especially when combined with pain in the arm, jaw, or back, and shortness of breath. Sometimes a heart attack is disguised as heartburn.
- Make an appointment with a therapist if:
- Heartburn occurs more than twice a week.
- The pills don't work.
It is difficult for you to swallow food.
Along with heartburn, constant nausea or vomiting worries.
- You are losing weight due to lack of appetite or fear of heartburn.
- What helps with heartburn
- If you need to get rid of heartburn right now, try these over-the-counter medications:
Antacids (maalox, almagel). They neutralize stomach acid. Antacids will quickly remove the symptom, but they do not protect the esophagus from the harmful effects of acid.
H2 receptor blockers (famotidine, ranitidine). They reduce the production of stomach acid, thereby preventing damage to the esophagus. Slower than antacids.
Proton pump inhibitors (omeprazole, rabeprazole). They also reduce the acidity of gastric juice.
If pills are not on hand, chew gum. Studies show that this produces more saliva, which flows down the esophagus and neutralizes the acid.
How to prevent this symptom
So that heartburn bothers you as rarely as possible, stock up not only with medications, but also with good habits.
Even if the esophageal sphincter is not weakened, too much food in the stomach increases pressure and acid can enter the esophagus.
Excess belly fat increases pressure on the sphincter, making it weaker and easier to open.
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Eat fewer carbs
The more carbohydrates in the stomach, the longer they are digested. This stimulates the growth of bacteria that produce gases. The latter, in turn, put pressure on the sphincter and weaken it.
Drink less alcohol
Ethanol increases acid production, relaxes the esophageal sphincter, and reduces the ability of the esophagus to expel gastric acid.
Drink less coffee
Coffee temporarily weakens the lower esophageal sphincter, increasing the risk of acid reflux.
Avoid raw onions
Onions can irritate damaged esophageal lining. It also stimulates the growth of bacteria.
Don't drink too much citrus juice
It does not cause reflux, but it irritates the mucous membrane like stomach acid.
Raise the head of the bed
If heartburn bothers you at night, place a higher pillow under your head.
Also try to sleep on your left side. When you lie on your right, stomach acid coats the lower esophageal sphincter. In this position, it is easier for her to penetrate the esophagus.
Don't eat three hours before bed.