How to mix hair dye colors

It so happens that you want a certain hair color: like that heroine in the film, like her own, like a girl with a photo on the Internet ... But what if there is no desired shade in the palette of your favorite paint brand? The answer is simple: mix! But mix correctly and wisely :) Let's tell you how to do it.

Rules for combining paint colors

How to mix hair dye colors

Before we start mixing, let's find out the basic rules for the interaction of shades. Coloristics to help us. So…

  1. To begin with, we determine how intense the tone we want to get - pastel or bright? The proportions of our colors depend on this.
  2. Never mix more than three shades! Otherwise, the color may turn out to be unpredictable.
  3. It is best to combine shades of similar gamut at about one or two color depth levels: for example, 7.1 and 7.4, 9.44 and 10.34.
  4. When mixing, we strictly use only paints of one brand, because each brand has its own palette.
  5. Before you start coloring, you need to correctly assess the condition of the hair: whether it is natural, gray or dyed. If you have a second or third case, it is better to even out the color in the salon and consult with the master about how to achieve a new tone.
  6. And the classic rule: when mixing paints, we use a non-metallic container!

Mixing ratio of paints and oxidants

How to mix hair dye colors

If you have shoulder length and shorter hair, a standard 60 ml tube of dye is enough. If the strands are medium in length, arm yourself with two tubes (120 ml). If the curls are very long, then you will need 3 packages (180 ml).

For coloring to match or darker, we take an oxidizing agent of 1.5-3%. 1-2 tones lighter - 6%. 3 tones lighter - 9%. For strong lightening - 12%.

Typically, paint and oxidizer are mixed in a 1: 1 ratio. If you need to carry out intense toning or lightening, the proportions change by 1: 2. Before staining, you need to study the instructions for using dyes of a particular brand.

Dewal, Hair Coloring Kit

The set contains a hat, gloves, a cape, a bowl, an applicator, a brush, 2 clips, a spatula and a hook.

OLLIN, Paint scale

Electronic scales for measuring the amount of material.

OLLIN, Coloring Bowl, Black, Rubberized Bottom, 360 ml

Container for the preparation of the coloring composition.

Estel, Activator De Luxe 1.5%, 60 mlHit

Activator 1.5% De Luxe is used with Estel De Luxe cream colors for intense toning.

Color mixing table and decoding numbers

And now let's move on to the most important and interesting :)

Hair Color Mixing Chart

What do these numbers mean?

The numbers in the left column are the lightness level, where 2 is the darkest (black), 12 is the lightest, mix is ​​the mikston.

The numbers in the top row are the main shades:

  • ... / 0 - natural without additional tone;
  • ... / 1 ​​- ashy with blue-violet pigment;
  • ... / 3 - golden;
  • ... / 4 - red with copper pigment;
  • ... / 5 - red with purple pigment;
  • ... / 6 - purple;
  • ... / 7 - red-brown;
  • ... / 8 - pearl.
Estel, Activator De Luxe 1.5%, 60 mlHit

Activator 1.5% De Luxe is used with Estel De Luxe cream colors for intense toning.

Estel, Princess Essex 3% Oxygen, Hair Coloring, 60 mlHit

3% oxygenant is ideal for light toning and tone-on-tone coloring.

Estel, Oxygent 6% De Luxe, Hair Coloring, 60 mlHit

6% oxygenant is ideal for dyeing 1-2 levels above your hair color and in darker tones.

However, you have probably noticed that after a slash (or a period) there are 2 digits in the paint numbers. For example, 8/34, 10/65. What does the second mean? She talks about the complementary shade:

  • ... / ... 1 - ashy;
  • … / ... 2 - purple;
  • … / ... 3 - gold;
  • ... / ... 4 - copper;
  • … / ... 5 - mahogany;
  • … / ... 6 - red, purple;
  • … / ... 8 - coffee.

Let's take a look at examples: 7/11 is a light blond ash with an enhanced ash nuance. 9/34 - very light golden blond with a copper nuance.

Hair color mixing technology

How to mix hair dye colors

So, we have a scale of the first 10 digits. What happens if we mix 2 levels of lordship? It's simple: add the numbers and divide them in half. For example, we mix 6 and 8 - we get 7. We are looking for the arithmetic mean.

Found a base (dark or light) and move on to the nuances. How to give your hair cool or, for example, golden shades? Let's take a look at examples.

For light coppery gold - 7/44 and 7/34.

For a beige blond - 8/76 + 8/71 + 8/74.

For a very light pearl blond - 10/65 + 10/76.

For juicy red chocolate: 5/5 + 5/7 + 5/0.

We distribute the proportions of a particular paint based on the desired intensity of the color nuance.

Color: very light pink blond. Volume: 100 ml.

Color: blond brown-purple / delicate lily. Volume: 60 ml.

Color wheel rules

Color circle

In their work, hairdressers use a color wheel, according to the laws of which there are counter-flowers (located opposite each other), which cannot be mixed. Otherwise, there is a risk of getting something gray-brown crimson or, well, very unexpected.

Here are the taboo combinations:

  • green + red;
  • purple + yellow;
  • blue + orange.

However, counterflowers can be helpful in correcting unsuccessful staining. They neutralize the unfortunate shade after dyeing the hair.

For example, yellowness is reduced by products with blue or violet pigments, and greenish tint - by products with copper-red or red-violet pigments.

Estel, Cream color De Luxe Silver 7/44

Color: light brown intense copper. Volume: 60 ml.

Concept, Hair dye Profy Touch 9.8Concept, Hair dye Profy Touch 9.8

Color: pearlescent. Volume: 60 ml.

Concept, Hair dye Profy Touch 9.16Concept, Hair dye Profy Touch 9.16

Color: light pale lilac. Volume: 60 ml.

Mixons and proofreaders

How to mix hair dye colors

Have you heard of the so-called mixtons and proofreaders? But this is an indispensable assistant in getting the color of your dream hair! The corrector serves to enhance or correct color, as well as neutralize unnecessary nuances and even create creative tones. Since mikston is a concentrate of the shade, it should be used in dosage.

What kind of proofreaders are there?

  • golden - to enhance the warm shade and neutralize purple;
  • copper - to enhance red and gold notes;
  • red - to enhance purple and copper hues and neutralize green;
  • green - to enhance brown and beige and neutralize red;
  • blue - to enhance pearl and ash and give a matte finish, as well as to neutralize orange;
  • ash and gray to enhance the cool shade.
KAYPRO, Kay Color Concealer, Green

Green colour. Volume: 100 ml.

OLLIN, Cream hair dye Color 0/0OLLIN, Cream hair dye Color 0/0

Color: neutral corrector. Volume 60 ml.

We hope our review was helpful. We wish you inspiration and only successful experiments! And a little tip at last: for training, it is better to stock up on a few strands of a light shade, they can be purchased at a hair extension store. This will be your palette :)

Mixing Experiments: Things to Know Beforehand

The range of colors that a person uses is limitless. But the main colors of the spectrum: blue, yellow, red. They exist on their own and do not contain other pigments. By mixing them in different proportions, you can get the tone we need. If the ratio of tones is the same, you get one paint, but if you change the proportions, you get a completely different color.

Delicious salad with chicken liver and egg pancakes

Green is also a derivative of the base colors. By mixing yellow + blue, we get green. Add scarlet to it - we get a bright brown.

The colors that are present in the rainbow are called chromatic. They absorb and display light waves of various lengths. Waves that are reflected from an object, we perceive as its color. For example, a leaf on a tree absorbs all tones except green. It reflects green and we see it as such.

Black, white, gray - achromatic. The dark color eats up the waves completely, and the snow-white one displays them.

All existing shades interact with one another, which leads to such a variety in our beautiful world.

Primary and secondary colors

How to make a color wheel

The color wheel is a tool on which you can visually build all significant color schemes. Colorists, artists and designers need a paint mixing table and color wheel to work with. He can help the child with the first acquaintance with flowers, as well as explain how to combine gouache or plasticine himself, getting something new.

You can create such a combination tool yourself:

Using a compass, draw a circle of the desired radius on the paper. Without a compass, you can also circle any round object without going beyond the boundaries of the sheet. Depart from the main circle and draw another circle inside, twice smaller than the first. Next, draw an equilateral triangle in the inner circle. Divide the triangle into three parts by drawing perpendiculars from the middle of each side to the center.

On the inner circle, put points opposite all perpendiculars, connect them together with the vertices of the triangle. Draw 12 equal sectors between the circles. Take three basic tones: blue, yellow, red. They will fill in the inner sectors of the triangle and the sectors in contact with its vertices. It is better to use gouache to fill the circle.

To fill in the rest, simply mix the gouache in equal parts and fill in the part of the circle located between them, as well as the sector opposite. At this stage, you will paint over sectors one by one. Next, take the first order pigment (the top of the triangle) and the second order pigment (the top of the hexagon) - fill the sector between them.

Your instrument is ready!

In addition to the main colors, there are additional colors, when mixed together we create black, white or gray. In the color wheel, they are located in opposite sectors: green + yellow, orange + blue, purple + yellow.

Creating the most unusual shades

How to mix paints to produce a particular color

The formation of all kinds of shades of one color scheme is a whole science. Sometimes, it is very difficult to achieve an accurate result. By adding black, white or gray to the base pigment, we can get different results. You can also vary the proportions of the colors to be mixed.

This process often takes a long time if there is no proper preparation. It is especially difficult to work with matching for an already painted part. A colorist without a prescription can create a suitable shade on his own. The light in the room where the work takes place plays an important role. It is better to prepare in advance the necessary conditions and access to natural light. Any fluorescent lamp will distort the colorist's work.

Brown

Often used when writing canvases, they get it quite simply:

  • Herbal + scarlet;
  • Scarlet + blue + bright yellow;
  • Scarlet + a drop of white + black + one drop of yellow.

  • Mustard is easy to create by mixing yellow + red + green + black.
  • Tobacco is scarlet, green, yellow, white.
  • In autumn, bright brown is a combination of bright yellow, scarlet, green, white, blue.

Purple

Interesting purple can be obtained by mixing blue + red, or blue + pink.

Formation of many tones of violet: light violet can be quickly diluted with existing dark colors with whitewash, carefully adding them one drop at a time.

For a crimson tint in purple, you need to include more drops of scarlet color.

Red

Juicy, fiery. It is difficult to imagine the modern world without it.

You can't get real red. But with it you will create many shades.

  • Chestnut is red + black.
  • Bright fiery orange color - red + a little yellow.
  • Magenta dye - blue + yellow + red pigment.
  • The color of ripe raspberries is red + white + brown + blue.

Beige

A delicate and such laconic color scheme can play in many shades. You can often find beige in design, tranquil interiors and a colorist's workshop.

Brown + white - we will create beige. And adding basic paints to it drop by drop - adjust from warm to cold color scheme.

Green

The most pleasing color to our eyes. They love to use it when creating interior plans, but when producing canvases, it is simply necessary.

How to get green? The most logical thing is to add blue to the yellow. If you add more bright blue, the color will be more nourished, and if you add white, it will be mint. The needles are the result of a mixture of bright herbal, black and yellow.

Grey

Gray is indispensable in modern design. Valuable from the fact that it is combined with everything. And how many shades a colorist can form from this color cannot be counted.

You can get gray by adding white to black. You can also always add one of the rainbow colors for an experiment to give bright overflows and change the tonality.

The black

The deepest, as well as necessary in the palette. With its help, the artist will quickly depict a shadow or adjust any color scheme to the desired tone.

Deep blacks mix from blue and dark coffee. Also combine in equal proportions blue, red, yellow. Fine varieties of black:

  • asp (with a particle of gray color);
  • anthracite (with a metallic sheen);
  • bull's blood (beautiful shades of scarlet).

Blue

Often used by colorists. Not a single artist can do without it when depicting a heavenly canvas, lakes, ice and other frequent elements.

Beautiful blue, as the main one among many colors, cannot be formed by another mixing. Mix purple with light blue - the paint will be too dark. You can lighten it by adding a few drops of light pigment.

Yellow

True yellow also cannot be obtained by mixing other available paints. By carefully adding light green to orange, you can only achieve something similar.

Pink

For the base for pink, use a bright snow-white paint. Scarlet is injected to it drop by drop. The more intense the shade is needed, the more scarlet should be introduced, so the required tonality is controlled.

Orange

How to make orange? Let's combine juicy yellow and scarlet paint in one ratio, then we will correct:

  • For light orange, take a bright pink + yellow, and if necessary, you can include a few drops of white;
  • For coral, they combine dirty - orange, pink, white in a similar ratio;
  • For a delicate peach, you need orange, yellow, pink, possibly a drop of white;
  • For copper, use bright orange + a drop of coffee. The color can be brightened with whitewash, gradually adding one drop at a time.

What colors are already in your palette? Which ones are you just going to mix for yourself?

There are no restrictions in the imagination of a person to try, experiment, invent their own interesting colors. You can combine one with the other to create something new.

If you find that this or that color is missing from your palette, you will no longer hesitate, but create it for yourself from what is at hand. The colorist already has all the necessary tools, you just need to know how to do it.

In childhood, it is difficult to understand the process of mixing and obtaining new colors, and these tools will help your child quickly navigate and engage in favorite drawing with interest for a long time.

Mixing paints has always been an interesting topic. Today we will learn how to mix paints correctly and get the colors you want.

Newbies to the design and painting world always have a lot of questions about mixing colors correctly. There are several main shades that allow you to create different colors when properly combined. Basically, this need manifests itself when one paint becomes insufficient and it is urgent to use it. To obtain a new color, it is usually used from two colors.

How to mix paints correctly to get the desired color: rules

It is important to say that mixing paints is not difficult, but getting the right shade can be difficult. Sometimes paints give an unexpected reaction, which can greatly affect the final result. For example, the color will turn out darker than required, or it will lose tonality and be gray.

Another interesting fact is that blue and red cannot be mixed from other colors, but they can be actively used in various combinations.

To get some colors, it is enough to use the following paints:

  • Pink ... This color comes from lightened red. To do this, you need to dilute it with white. To get a bright color, add more red. By adding different amounts of white, you can control the tone.
  • Green ... A combination of yellow, blue and cyan will help you achieve a suitable color. If you want the shade to look like olive, then take green and yellow, and it will not be superfluous to add a little brown. Light tones are obtained if you take white instead of brown.
  • Orange ... It turns out if you mix yellow and red. The more red is present, the brighter the hue will be.
  • Purple ... This color is obtained from red and blue, but you just need to use them in different quantities. Play around with them, add white and you will have a wide range of shades.
  • Gray ... There are many variations, but to get the base color you need to mix white and black.
  • Beige ... Coloring is often used for portraits. To get the desired shade, brown must be diluted with white until the desired color is obtained. To make it brighter, you can add a little yellow.

Not everyone knows, but the closer the colors are on the palette, the more similar their tones are. Accordingly, when mixed, an interesting and very good result is obtained.

Color mixing tables

To know how certain colors are mixed, a small coloring plate will help you:

Color mixing table
Color mixing table

Video: Watercolor painting lesson. How to mix paints correctly? Color theory. Learn to draw together!

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Every person who at least once held a brush and paints in his hand knows that from two or three colors you can get a lot of shades. The rules for mixing and matching colors are determined by the science of color. Its basis is the color wheel known to many. There are only three main colors in it: red, blue and yellow. Other shades are obtained by mixing and are called secondary.

Smeshenie-01

What colors of paints should be mixed to get brown

Brown is considered complex and can be created using all primary colors. There are several ways to get brown:

  • Classic: green + red in proportions 50:50.
  • The main trio: blue + yellow + red in the same amount.
  • Mixing: blue + orange or gray + orange. You can vary the intensity of the hue by adding less or more gray.
  • Optional: green + purple + orange. This shade is obtained with a pleasant red or red tint. You can also mix yellow + purple - the color will turn out with a yellowish tint.

Mixing proportions to get brown

Combination

Proportions

The resulting shade

Green + red

1: 1

Brown

Blue + orange

Gray + orange

1: 1

Reddish brown

Yellow + purple

0.8: 1

Yellowish brown

Red + yellow + blue

2: 2: 0.5

Red brown

Light brown + indigo (black)

1: 1

Chocolate

Green + purple + orange

1: 0.8: 1

Reddish brown

What colors of paints should be mixed to get purple

The easiest way to get purple is to mix red and blue in equal proportions. True, the shade will turn out to be dirty, and it will need to be corrected.

For a colder tone, use 2 parts blue and 1 part red and vice versa.

To achieve lavender and lilac, the resulting dirty purple must be diluted with white. The more white, the lighter and softer the shade will be.

Dark purple can be obtained by gradually adding black or green to the original color.

What colors should be mixed to get purple

Combination

Proportions

The resulting shade

Red + blue

1: 1

Base purple

Basic purple + white

1: 1

Lilac, lavender

Basic purple + black

1: 0.5

Dark purple

Red + yellow + blue

1: 0.5: 1

Purple

Basic purple + red

1: 1

Red-violet

What colors of paints should be mixed to get red

Red is considered the base color and is present in any artistic palette. However, you can get red by mixing purple (magenta) and yellow in a 1: 1 ratio. You can also mix a carmine shade with yellow - you get a more intense red. You can make it lighter by adding more yellow and vice versa. Shades of red can be obtained by adding orange, pink, yellow, white to the base red.

Colors you need to mix to get red

Combination

Proportions

The resulting shade

Magenta + yellow

1: 1

Base red

Magenta + yellow

2: 1

Burgundy

Carmine + yellow

1: 1

Deep red

Basic red + yellow

2: 1

Scarlet

Basic red + pink (white)

2: 1

Pink-red (saturation to adjust the auxiliary color)

What colors of paints should be mixed to get beige

Beige is a neutral and non-independent color, it has many shades, which can be obtained by varying the amount of white and yellow added.

The easiest way to get beige is to mix brown and white.

To make the color more contrasting, you can add a little yellow.

Flesh beige can be obtained by mixing scarlet, blue, yellow and white. The ivory shade is created by mixing golden ocher and white paint.

What colors should be mixed to get beige

Combination

Proportions

The resulting shade

Brown + white

1: 3

Beige

Scarlet + yellow + white + blue

1: 1: 2: 0.5

Flesh beige

Golden ocher + white

1: 2

Ivory

What colors of paints should be mixed to get green

Green can be achieved by mixing yellow and blue in equal proportions. The result is a grassy green hue. If you add white to it, the mixture will brighten. By mixing brown or black pigment, you can achieve an emerald, marsh, olive, dark green hue.

What colors of paints should be mixed to get green

Combination

Proportions

The resulting shade

Blue + yellow

1: 1

Herbaceous green

Blue + yellow + white

1: 1: 0.5

Light green, salad

Blue + yellow + black

1: 1: 0.5

Swamp, dark green

Yellow + blue + brown

1: 2: 0.5

Gray green

What colors of paints should be mixed to get gray

The classic tandem for gray is black + white. The more white, the lighter the finished shade will turn out.

  • You can also mix red, green and white. The color will turn out with a slight yellow tint.
  • A blue-gray hue can be created by mixing orange with blue and white.
  • If you mix yellow with purple and white, you get a gray-beige shade.

Colors to be mixed to get gray

Combination

Proportions

The resulting shade

White + black

2: 1

Light gray

Red + green + white

1: 1: 2

Gray yellow

Orange + Blue + White

1: 1: 2

Blue-gray

Yellow + purple + white

1: 0.5: 2

Gray beige

What colors of paints should be mixed to get black

Black is the basic monochrome color. It can be obtained by mixing magenta with yellow and cyan. Also, artists often mix green and red, but the resulting shade will not be charcoal black. Intense black gives a mixture of orange and blue and yellow and purple. To get a tint of the night sky, you can add a little blue to the finished color, and a drop of white to lighten it.

What colors should be mixed to get black

Combination

Proportions

The resulting shade

Red + green

1: 1

Dark brown, almost black

Magenta + Yellow + Cyan

1: 1: 1

The black

Blue + orange

1.5: 1

Night sky

Orange + purple

1: 2

The black

What colors of paints should be mixed to get blue

Blue is the main color in the palette and it is rather difficult to get it by mixing. It is believed that it can be obtained by adding a little yellow to green, but in practice it turns out rather a blue-green tint. You can mix purple with blue, the shade will be deep, but dark. You can lighten it by adding a drop of white.

What colors should be mixed to get blue

Combination

Proportions

The resulting shade

Yellow + green

0.5: 1

Blue green

Purple + blue

1: 1

Blue

Purple + blue + white

1: 1: 1

Light blue

Basic blue + black

3: 1

Dark blue, bluish black, if you add more black

What colors of paints should be mixed to get yellow

The base yellow cannot be obtained by mixing other shades. Something similar comes out if you add green to orange. Variations of yellow are obtained by adding other tones to the base. For example, lemon is a mixture of yellow, green, and white. Sunny yellow is a mixture of base yellow, droplets of white and red.

proportions of colors to be mixed to get yellow

Combination

Proportions

The resulting shade

Orange + green

1: 1

Dirty yellow

Basic yellow + green + white

1: 0.5: 0.5

Citric

Basic yellow + white + red

4: 1: 1

Sunny yellow

What colors of paints should be mixed to get pink

The easiest option is to mix red and white. The more white, the lighter the shade will turn out. It is important to know that the tone depends on which red you choose:

  • Scarlet + white will give a pure pink color.
  • Brick red + white - peach pink.
  • Bloody red + purple gives a fuchsia hue.
  • Orange-pink can be obtained by adding yellow paint to scarlet and white.

Mixing colors to get pink

Combination

Proportions

The resulting shade

Scarlet + white

1: 2

Pink

Brick red + white

1: 2

Peach pink

Purple + blood red

1: 1

Fuchsia

Scarlet + white + yellow

1: 2: 1

Orange pink

What colors of paints should be mixed to get orange

Orange can be obtained by mixing red and yellow.

  • A less saturated shade will turn out if you add pink pigment to the yellow paint.
  • Terracotta orange is the result of a mix of base orange with blue or purple.
  • Dark shades are achieved by mixing red, yellow and black.
  • If you add brown instead of black, you get a red orange.

The intensity of the tone is varied by adding more white or black.

What colors should be mixed to get orange

Combination

Proportions

The resulting shade

Red + yellow

1: 1

Orange

Pink + yellow

1: 1

Light orange

Red + yellow + purple

1: 1: 0.5

Terracotta

Red + yellow + black

1: 1: 0.5

Dark orange

Red + yellow + brown1

1: 1: 1

Redhead

Color mixing table

Primary colors (blue, yellow, red) are almost impossible to obtain by mixing other shades. But with their help, you can create the entire color palette!

Color

How to get a?

Proportions

Brown

Green + red

1: 1

Purple

Red + blue

1: 1

Red

Magenta (purple) + yellow

1: 1

Beige

Brown + white

1: 3

Green

Blue + yellow

1: 1

Grey

White + black

2: 1

The black

Magenta + Yellow + Cyan

1: 1: 1

Blue

Yellow + green

1: 1

Yellow

Green + orange

1: 1

Pink

Scarlet + white

1: 2

Orange

Red + yellow

1: 1

Knowing the basic rules of coloring, it will be easier to deal with the decoration and get the desired shade!

See also:

Red

The red palette has a wide variety - from pale pink to dark purple.

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You can play with shades of red by adding white to the base paint.

Royal red

If you add blue to the red;

how to get royal red

Royal purple

Requires mixing of blue and yellow;

how to get royal magenta

Regular magenta tone

It is obtained after adding a couple of drops of bright blue and bright yellow to the red paint;

how to get a regular magenta tone

Dark purple

Give blue and black to red;

kak-poluchit-temnyj-purpur-cvet-evrikak

Pink

The basis for creating pink is white combined with red;

how to get pink color

Apricot

We get in the process of mixing white, ocher and red;

how to get apricot color

another option: red plus yellow, brown and white;

how to get apricot color

Rich chestnut (deep)

Easily create by mixing black or brown with red;

how to get chestnut color

Orange red

Combine bright red and a touch of yellow. The more yellow, the lighter the tone will turn out;

how to get orange red color

Tomato shade

Create by adding yellow and brown paint to the red;

how to get a tomato shade

Crimson

Mix a white tone with a bright red in combination with brown and blue. The more generously you give white pigment, the pinker the color will turn out;

how to get a raspberry shade

Berry blossom

Will give a synthesis of scarlet, red and red-brown;

how to get berry color

For plum

You need to mix white, blue and black with red;

how to get plum blossom

Red burgundy

You can depict by adding brown, yellow and black;

how to get red burgundy color

Saturated burgundy

We do it using red-violet and a small amount of blue-violet paints;

how to get rich burgundy

You can depict blood realistically by mixing a red-orange base with yellow-orange and blue-violet colors.

Thanks to modern technology, interior designers become real wizards. In no time they will make any room stylish and original. Recently, more and more attention is paid to color design. The most popular are non-standard shades that can be obtained by mixing colors.

Mixing different colors

Mixing different colors

Process basics

Manufacturers of paints and varnishes presented a fairly wide range of products on the market. But it is not always possible to choose what is ideal for the interior. Combining several shades can save time and money.

In many specialty stores, you can use the services of a specialist who will help you make the desired color. But if you know the basic rules of how to mix dyes, you can do it yourself at home.

When mixing, you need to remember one important rule: you cannot combine liquid products with a dry mixture. They have different indexes, so the dye composition may eventually curl up.

The most interesting part of the process is creating the desired shade. There are four primary colors:

  • white;
  • blue;
  • red;
  • green.

Mixing paints of different shades

By mixing them, you can get any others. Here are some illustrative examples:

  1. You get brown if you combine red and green. To make it lighter, you can add a little white.
  2. Orange is the result of mixing yellow and red.
  3. If you need green, you need to combine yellow and blue paints.
  4. To get purple, you need to mix blue and red.
  5. Red and white will result in pink.

So you can mix endlessly.

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We mix materials based on acrylic

Designers love acrylic paints the most. It is very easy to work with them, the finished coating has excellent water-repellent properties. Their use has several nuances:

  1. The working surface must be perfectly flat and smooth. To do this, it needs to be sanded.
  2. It is important that the paint does not dry out.
  3. Undiluted paint is used to obtain an opaque color. Conversely, you can add a little water for transparency.
  4. To be able to slowly select the desired color, it is recommended to use a thinner for acrylic paints. Thanks to him, the product will not dry so quickly.
  5. Use the edge of a brush to distribute the paint.
  6. Mixing is best done with a clean instrument. In this case, the colors should be directed towards each other.
  7. To make a light tone, you need to add a white dye to the solution, and to get a dark one - black. It is worth remembering that the palette of dark colors is much wider than light ones.

Mixing different paints in a painting technique

Here are some examples of mixing acrylic-based colorants:

  1. An apricot color is obtained by mixing red, yellow, brown and white.
  2. The recipe for making beige paint involves combining brown and white. If you want a bright beige, you can add a little yellow. For a light beige shade, you need more white.
  3. Gold is the result of mixing yellow and red colors.
  4. Ocher is yellow with brown. By the way, it is considered popular in the current season.
  5. Khaki can be made by mixing green with brown.
  6. To get magenta, you need three different colors: red, yellow, and blue.
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Mixing oil paints

Oil-based paints are more fluid, which necessitates more thorough mixing of the compositions if mixing tones. The specificity and properties of oil colors give the following advantages:

  • the tone will be the most uniform, so the paint is perfect for decorating any surfaces;
  • if desired, you can leave streaks in the paint, which will allow you to create unusual effects on the canvas or wall.

Mixing technique for oil paints

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Stirring the oil

Before work, it is important to assess whether it is possible to combine individual tones with each other, what will happen in the end. If you add a little glossy paint to matte, the result will be inexpressive. Adding matte paint to glossy paint helps to make the latter a little more subdued.

You can mix paints using the following methods:

  1. Mechanical. Different colors are combined in one dish on a palette by mechanical stirring. The saturation of the finished mass is adjusted by adding brighter or lighter shades.
  2. Optic. This method is practiced only by professionals. Paints are combined to obtain a new color when applied to canvas, wall.
  3. Color overlay. By layering the strokes, a new tone is created.
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Features of mixing paints

The mechanical method is the simplest, therefore it is recommended to use it for beginners. When using a color overlay, the result may differ from what was intended, which must be taken into account in advance. You can use the glaze method - first, a darker color is applied, then it is lightened with strokes of light paint. It is better to practice combining oil paints in their small portions, learn how to create original effects, and then start creating paintings or decorating the interior.

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The working process

By mixing several different colors, you can get a wide variety of shades. Which ones?

Shades of gray

Quite often they are used in interior decoration. They help to create a shadow or subtle color, and also:

  1. You can create a regular gray by mixing black with white.
  2. To create cool shades, you need to add a little green to gray, and for warm ones - ocher.
  3. Gray-green is gray with white and green.
  4. Gray-blue - gray, white and a little blue.
  5. Dark gray is the result of mixing gray and black.

Shades of gray

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Brown tones

To get rich brown dye, you must mix:

  • green with red;
  • red with blue and yellow;
  • red with white, black and yellow.

How to create other original tones:

  1. Mustard will turn out if you add red, green and black dyes to the yellow paint.
  2. The tobacco shade is red, green, yellow and white.
  3. Golden brown is the result of a combination of yellow, red, green, white and blue. In this case, there should be more yellow pigment.

Ruler of brown shades

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Red tones

  1. The basis for the pink shade is considered to be white. Red is added to it. The brighter the desired hue, the more red should be added.
  2. To get a rich chestnut, you need to mix red and black.
  3. Bright red-orange color - red and a little yellow. The larger the latter, the paler the result will be.
  4. You can add a magenta hue to the dye by mixing a few drops of vibrant blue, yellow, and red pigment.
  5. To create raspberry, according to the recipe, you need to mix bright red + white + brown + blue. The more white, the pinker the hue.

Red color and its shades

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Green tones

Deep green is formed by combining yellow and blue tones. The saturation of the finished dye depends on the amount of each of them. To create shades, you need to add other colors to green:

  1. For mint, you need white.
  2. To get olive green you need green and a few drops of yellow.
  3. A grassy hue can be obtained by mixing green and blue. Yellow paint will help align the color.
  4. The color of the needles is the result of mixing green with black and yellow.
  5. By gradually mixing green with white and yellow, you can create an emerald tone.

Green shades

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Purple tones

Purple is obtained by mixing blue and red. You can also use blue and pink paints - the final color will be light, pastel. To darken the finished tone, artists use black paint, which is added in very small portions. Here are the nuances for creating shades of purple:

  • for light purple, you can dilute the finished color with whitewash in the desired ratio;
  • for magenta, more red should be injected than blue.

Purple shades

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Orange color

When creating a classic orange, combine one piece of yellow and red paint. But for many types of paint, you have to take more yellow, otherwise the color will turn out to be too dark. Here are the main shades of orange and how to get them:

  • for light orange, take pink and yellow, you can also add a little white paint;
  • for coral, dark orange, pink, white in equal proportions are required;
  • for peach, you need colors such as orange, yellow, pink, white;
  • for a redhead, take a dark orange and a little brown.

Shades of orange

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An important rule

Many people ask themselves: is it possible to mix paints and varnishes from different manufacturers? It is desirable that the dyes to be mixed be made by the same company. Better yet, they should be from the same batch. It is not recommended to mix dyes from different companies. They often have different properties, such as density, brightness, etc. Because of this, the finished coating may curl up.

If you want to take a chance, you can combine a little bit of one and the other paint and apply the resulting solution to the surface. If it thickens or clumps into lumps, the experiment has failed.

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Computer help

You can mix several colors correctly using special computer programs. They help you see the end result and determine in percentage how much of a particular tone you need to add. Such programs will help you figure out what shade you can get from the funds that are available. They consist of several elements:

  1. A button that removes tones from a set.
  2. Color names.
  3. Input or output lines to or from calculation.
  4. Samples.
  5. A button that introduces colors to the set.
  6. Result windows.
  7. Window and list of new selection.
  8. The composition of the finished dye as a percentage.

Mixing several different colors is a fairly common technique among designers. Unusual shades will help to advantageously decorate the interior, make it original or even unique. You can even mix dyes at home. There are many recipes for creating a particular shade. For example, to get beige, you need to combine white and brown, and for pink, white and red.

It is recommended that you always have a thinner on hand to prevent the paint from drying out quickly. You should not mix products from different manufacturers, because the result is a poor-quality coating. To find out the final result of mixing, you can use a special computer program.

Working with paints is a fun process. Remember how you played with watercolors as a child, mixing paints. You can also play now. Mixing colors can come in handy for renovations, hobbies, etc.

Primary and secondary colors

As you know, there are three main (red, blue, yellow) and three additional colors (purple, orange, green). These are the base colors. By combining them, you can get all the other colors and their shades (in theory, yes, in practice, the situation is slightly different). In the figure, the primary colors are represented by circles, and the additional ones are formed at the intersection of the pairs. These pairs show how mixing the colors of the main row produces additional ones.

Primary and secondary colors of the palette

Primary and secondary colors of the palette

In practice, mixing colors is an interesting process, but often the result is difficult to predict. We work with paints, and they are a mixture of a coloring pigment and a base-binder. That is, they have their own properties due to the presence of the very foundation. After all, paints are different - oil, acrylic, aniline, etc. Accordingly, the result will be slightly different. When you work with paints of one company for a long time, you can almost accurately predict what will happen if you add one or another component.

It is also worth remembering that if you mix not paints, but light, the result will be different. Paints are only a display of light and not all laws work with them in the same way.

Getting additional colors: orange, purple, green, their shades and brown

Pairing the primary colors gives us additional shades:

  • We get orange by mixing red with yellow.
  • You get purple if you add blue to red.
  • Green can be obtained by mixing yellow and blue.

Mixing colors should be in equal proportions. In this case, we get a "neutral" tone. If the result does not suit you, you can add one of the components, "shifting" the shade in one direction or the other.

Complementary colors and shades

Complementary colors and shades

Please note that red with blue does not always give purple. Often this mixing of colors results in a "mud color". This is because your red contains yellow, that is, it is not the main one, but only one of the shades. To get purple, it must be pink or purple instead of red. On the other hand, mixing pink and yellow doesn't make blue. So to get a specific color, first experiment with a small amount of paints. After making sure of the result, you can repeat in the required amount.

If we add to the resulting additional colors the main ones that are already present in them, we get the same color, but in a different shade. We did not introduce new colors, we just changed the concentration of one of the existing ones. So we get mixed colors: yellow-orange, red-orange, red-violet, blue-violet, blue-green and light green.

How to get brown when mixing additional colors

How to get brown when mixing additional colors

What happens if you add one to the additional colors that is not in it? You will get a mixture of all the available primary colors, and it will give us a brown color (when working with light, it will be gray, but with paints - either brown or very close to it). So, to get brown, you have to mix all the primary colors: yellow + red + blue. Or add "missing" to one of the additional ones:

  • add yellow to purple;
  • to green - red;
  • complement orange with blue.

That is, to get brown, you can mix three primary colors or add the missing one to the additional ones. Interestingly, if you mix the same light waves, you get gray light. But paints are just a reflection of light, so there are certain differences.

Color wheel - how to make it

If the colors - primary and secondary - are arranged in a circle, according to how they turned out, we get a traditional color wheel. Divide the circle into 12 parts. At the vertices of the triangle, fill the sectors with primary colors.

Drawing up a color wheel

Drawing up a color wheel

Their derivatives, obtained from equal proportions of neighboring colors, in the center of the sector. These are called Level 1 Complementary Colors. To the right and left of them, we place the shades that we got by adding another part of the corresponding component. This is how we get our own color wheel.

Mixing colors produces a color wheel

Mixing colors produces a color wheel

Please note: mixing paints from different companies gives different shades. Therefore, creating a color wheel is useful if you are going to work with certain paints for a while. Looking at the result, and knowing how you got it, you can understand what you can add to get the desired shade.

Getting shades

All colors that exist in nature are called chromatic. This is all the variety of colors and their shades. In nature, three colors do not occur in their pure form - white, black and gray. They are called achromatic. By adding achromatic colors to others, we get different shades.

Each of the colors can be darker or lighter

Each of the colors can be darker or lighter

For example, pink is obtained by adding white paint to red. For blue, add the same white to blue. And so with all the colors that are present in the color wheel. The lighter we want the shade, the more white paint. Sometimes - for very light shades - it is easier to get it by adding the desired dye to the white paint. These light shades are called pastel shades.

To obtain pastel shades with a "dusty" effect, gray is added to the main colors. Note that multiple achromatic colors can be added. For example, we got the desired "degree" of pale violet, then added a certain amount of gray to it. We got a slightly more muted tone.

How to get shades of colors: mix paint with white, gray or black

How to get shades of colors: mix paint with white, gray or black

If it is necessary to make a dark color from a saturated color, black is added to the base color. Here you should be very careful, add a little, stirring thoroughly.

How to mix paints to get the color you want

All of the above is easy to implement in practice if you need "simple" colors that are obtained from mixing primary and secondary. It will not be difficult to add achromatic to them. By experimenting with the amount of "additives", you can end up with exactly the shade you want. By the way, try to find your color on a small amount by mixing on the palette. At home, the palette can be replaced with a plastic plate. If you are mixing paint for interior use (on walls, for example), once you get the color you like, apply it to a small area and let it dry. You will see that the color has become a couple of shades lighter. And this must be taken into account when creating your own shade.

Mixing colors makes it possible to get a huge number of shades from a certain set of paints

Mixing colors makes it possible to get a huge number of shades from a certain set of paints

How to get shades of red

Remember that red is one of the three main colors. It is impossible to get it by mixing some paints. It can be obtained as a pigment from natural sources. Using it as a base, adding other tones, and we get different shades of it. How to mix paints to obtain the desired colors (chestnut, raspberry, plum, pink, etc.) is indicated in the table.

Getting shades of red

Getting shades of red

Please note that some shades based on red - plum, for example, are difficult to attribute to its shades. Nevertheless, it is in red that the rest of the components are added. In contrast, crimson, which we used to consider one of the shades of red, is made on the basis of blue. These are the games of color.

Burgundy and its shades

Burgundy and its shades

Separately, it should be said about how to get a burgundy color. Its base is blue, add yellow and red. By changing the number of different components, we get different shades. For darker tones, add brown or black, for brighter variations, more red.

Shades of green palette: mixing colors to get shades

As we remember, green is not a basic color. This is the primary color that is obtained by mixing yellow and blue paints. And therein lies the difficulty: different numbers of components produce different colors. Getting the same one is extremely difficult. If you don't have a basic green, and you get it by mixing, then it should be enough to complete all the work.

How to get shades of green when mixing paints

How to get shades of green when mixing paints

Pay attention, in the paint mixing table, somewhere the base is green, somewhere yellow is spelled out with the addition of blue. The difference is in the amount of color. If the base color is yellow, there should be more

There is no mint color in the table, but it is quite popular. Basically, mint is a lightened shade of turquoise. We get turquoise from blue by adding green. Mixing white with it and we get its various gradations. To them you can add a little (just a little) yellow, blue, green. All this will be the same color, but with a different "sound".

Different shades of mint color (mint)

Different shades of mint color (mint)

But colors are a weird thing. You can try other options as well. It all depends on what you mix - paints, clay, plasticine ... So, for light mint, here are some of the options you can try:

  • white + blue + green + a dash of emerald or brown to tone down;
  • white + emerald + light blue (blue);
  • beige + turquoise + white + a little light green.

There are many options, since "tint" colors are already used. If you have them (in paints, for example), then why not. You can go in stages - create the same emerald or turquoise, and then add others. In general, for beginners in color, it is easier to work with basic colors. Then experience and flair will come. And so you can have a lot of lime material for experiments.

Blue and its shades: mixing colors

As you remember, blue is one of the main colors - this is one of the three basic colors, on the basis of which we get all the richness of the palette. Moreover, "blue" - can be dark or bright. Accordingly, the result is different. This is the case when, depending on the base, you get really different colors.

Obtaining shades of blue by mixing paints

Obtaining shades of blue by mixing paints

Not all options are included in the table. Let's add some:

  • Light blue is obtained by adding white paint.
  • Cornflower blue - we get it if we add red-brown to purple and a drop of blue and black.
  • For blue-green, mix yellow (1 part) and green (2 parts).
  • We get the classic blue by mixing purple with blue in equal proportions. If you add some more white, it will be light blue (or blue-white).

Of the blue palette, turquoise is of particular interest. It is obtained by combining blue and green. Shades should be "clean", then the result will be spectacular. This color is on the verge of blue and green. Some shades are predominantly blue, some are green.

Mixing colors for a turquoise color

Mixing colors for a turquoise color

To get a darker shade, add brown or gray. The result will be different. For a warmer and lighter shade, try beige.

Color mixing: how to get purple

As they wrote at the very beginning, mixing blue and red, we get purple. This is fine in theory, but when you start, mixing colors gives the wrong result. And the whole point is which shades of red and blue to take.

For example, if the blue is dark, the result will be very saturated, almost black (in the picture below, the first line). If you add white to it, it will lighten, but the result is a gray-violet. Even if you add more red, it "clears up" only to eggplant. But we will not get a brighter one.

It turns out not quite what it seemed

It turns out not quite what it seemed

If you add blue to the same red, you get a medium violet. And again, it is not bright, but dark, saturated. By introducing more red, we get a plum. If it is lightened with white, it will already be a warm, but still dim shade. This is a little more interesting, but still not the same.

A more cheerful light lilac is obtained by mixing pink and blue. A double serving of red produces amethyst. These colors are well diluted with white, resulting in a whole range of pastel shades.

But how do you get vibrant shades of purple? It is difficult to achieve this by mixing base colors. A bright lilac is taken as a basis, to which different colors are added.

Getting vibrant shades of purple

Getting vibrant shades of purple

Blue-violet or cornflower blue will turn out if you add blue to the lilac (far left). Paired with indigo, we get a cold version, adding pink, we have amethyst. By adding red, we will have a berry one. All of these colors can be lightened by adding white paint.

What not to do is add yellow paint to the purple. We get the "mud color" - indistinct and incomprehensible. Very neat with black. He quickly reduces all the resulting shades to dark gray. If you want a darker shade, add a darker indigo.

How to get gray by mixing colors

One of the much needed colors is gray. It is added to bright colors for less saturated shades, it is used as a base, since it is neutral and serves as the ideal tone. But "gray" is not one color. There is also a whole range of them. First of all, we get gray if we add a little black paint to white. But this is far from the only way to get gray. Mixing colors of an additional level also gives it, and with different "backlighting".

Getting gray when mixing paints

Getting gray when mixing paints

And that's not all. Gray has no fewer shades than blue or red. They are not as bright as the others, but the difference is also quite tangible.

How To Get Grayscale: Paint Mixing Chart

Getting gray based on white

Likewise, there are neutral, warm and cold tones. If you want warm shades, add orange or pink to gray. If only a subtle shade is needed, there should not be a lot of color. By adding more of it, you get "dusty" or pearl shades. These are called blue-gray, pink-gray, etc.

Getting tinted grays

Getting tinted grays

The resulting colors can be lightened by adding white paint. Such "mix" colors will be a good background for creating an interior. In a lighter version, they can be used as a base, adding matching accents.

Mixing paints to get yellow and orange colors

Yellow is one of the primary colors, but you can get it by mixing green with orange. But usually yellow comes in a set, it is almost always there. There is another very popular color in his palette - orange. It lies on the border of two colors - red and yellow. By mixing these paints in different proportions, we get the whole range of shades. By adding white, lighten it to the required level.

Mixing colors to produce shades of yellow

Mixing colors to produce shades of yellow

To obtain darker shades, brown should be added to orange or yellow. Not black and not gray - they quickly extinguish the color, turning it into something incomprehensible. Sometimes you can get a darker shade by adding a dark red paint. Interestingly, you can get a bright light orange by adding yellow to pink.

Based on orange, you can get coral

Based on orange, you can get coral

By the way, orange is also often included. It is usually brighter than what can be obtained by mixing primary colors. If you want bright colors, you will have to use it. For example, coral. It belongs to the red group, but color mixing is carried out on the basis of red-orange. Pink and white are added to it. We take all paints in approximately equal quantities. The second option for obtaining a coral color is easier - add white to the scarlet. But it turns out not so bright.

Such an uneasy brown

Brown can be obtained by mixing three primary colors in equal proportions. We get "medium" brown. It cannot be classified as either warm or cold.

How to get brown by mixing colors

How to get brown by mixing colors

But mixing second and third level colors can also give one of its shades.

  • When combining red and green, we get almost the same shade.
  • Orange and blue in equal proportions give a reddish brown.
  • Almost the same color, but colder, we get from gray and orange, mixed in equal amounts.
  • We get chocolate if we add dark indigo to light brown.
  • We get a reddish brown if we mix green and bright orange in equal parts, add a little less lilac.
Other shades

Other shades

Dark brown can be obtained by mixing yellow and red and adding a drop of black. To avoid being too dark, add some white.

What colors to mix to get brown

What colors to mix to get brown

Interesting shades can be obtained by increasing the “presence” of one or two components in brown, obtained by mixing primary colors (red, blue and yellow). By adding white, we get interesting options.

How to mix hair dye colors

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