Wintering in the city: how to help birds survive the cold - A WORTHY LIFE ON PENSION - Mirtesen media platform

Titmouses usually live in forests. With the arrival of winter, they move closer to human settlements. Birds do not fly away to warm lands and spend the winter with us. True, most migrate in severe frosts closer to the south. So in winter in cities, my father is looking for where it is warmer. Since the warm air goes up, the warmest places are under the roofs of houses.

Is it possible to feed the birds with bread and leftovers from our table, where to hang the feeders and what "bird cookies" are - ornithologist Nina Sadykova, PhD in Biological Sciences and founder of the EkaterinBird ornithology popularization project, tells about this.

What kind of birds live in cities?

In cities for the winter there are human companions - pigeons and sparrows; many omnivorous corvids; some seed-eating birds such as goldfinches and tap dancers; as well as woodpeckers, nuthatches, pikas and various species of tits ... Each region has its own set of wintering birds, and it changes over time - for example, in Moscow or St. Petersburg there are a lot of common blue tit, and in Yekaterinburg it began to be found only recently, in Siberian cities it does not exist at all, but there is beautiful long-tailed bullfinches - hurraguses, which few people have heard of in the European part of Russia.

Is it difficult for birds to survive in the city in winter?

In principle, it is quite difficult for birds in winter. Not only is all their food - either under the snow, or hidden somewhere, but it is also needed much more than in summer. In order to maintain a high body temperature, birds need to eat a lot, so they consume significantly more calories in winter. So only those birds that are able to get their food can stay for the winter. .

What do birds eat in winter?

All! Any high-calorie food. These are mainly seeds and fruits of trees, shrubs and tall grass that sticks out above the snow. Winged seeds of ash and maple go very well in birds, cones - there are species of birds that can crack the seeds of conifers. Rowan and hawthorn berries, apples - they are eaten for the sake of seeds, and not only for the sake of juicy pulp.

Many birds eat kidneys. There is a relatively small group of birds that eat insects - woodpeckers, nuthatches, pikas and tits ... They get out from under the bark and from its cracks beetles and insects hibernating there. Such birds are very important for trees, for the forest - in this way they clean trees of all kinds of pests. Thanks to these birds, the forest is cleared of parasites during the winter. ... The condition of the forest or park depends to a large extent on whether the trees will be treated by woodpeckers and titmouses from insects in winter. Of course, these insectivorous birds also do not disdain seeds in winter.

What do the birds eat in the city?

The city attracts birds with an abundance of food - the one that man produces. Even if you do not feed the birds in the feeders, they will still find food for themselves - in the trash heaps, for example. In general, there is food in the city - it is everywhere. Therefore, birds flock to cities, especially in winter, when it is difficult to find food in the forest.

Titmouses usually live in forests. With the arrival of winter, they move closer to human settlements. Birds do not fly away to warm lands and spend the winter with us. True, most migrate in severe frosts closer to the south. So in winter in cities, my father is looking for where it is warmer. Since the warm air goes up, the warmest places are under the roofs of houses.

People most often feed the birds with bread. This is normal?

Fine! That bread is bad for birds is a myth. Although there are some grounds under it. Really, bread is bad food for chicks. If sparrows and tits are fed with bread in the summer, they begin to feed their chicks with them. At the stage when chicks develop skeleton and plumage, such food is harmful and can lead to defects in development, because bread is pure calories with no amino acids and no protein. Therefore, in order not to harm the chicks, it is generally better not to feed the birds in summer, at this time they have enough natural food.

But this does not apply to winter feeding - then these fast calories are needed to "heat" the body and maintain a high body temperature in cold conditions.

So you can feed with bread. How?

And white, and black, and dry, and fresh - whatever. Even if the bread is slightly mildewed, it's not scary. Bread is generally very good for ducks and other waterfowl as a winter food. - dried, it does not immediately sink in water, but still swims for some time: it is convenient for birds.

Can leftover food be given to birds?

This is another myth that animals and birds should not be given food from our table. As if animals and people eat completely different things. In fact, our food suits a lot of people. All sorts of food leftovers, stubs, bones, cartilages - it's better to feed all this to someone ... If we do not give it to dogs, cats or birds, then the food waste will be eaten by rats.

And what kind of bird food will be the most useful in winter?

Winter food should be high in calories. Therefore, the same carrot in winter is not so good, because it is not very nutritious. The most versatile and good food for most of our wintering birds is seeds. Unroasted, unsalted sunflower seeds. In husks or without husks - it doesn't matter. They can be supplemented with any other seeds, seeds and cereals - both oatmeal and millet are suitable. It is better not to give rice: it is too hard ... Spoiled cereal, if a bug is wound up in it, is an ideal option, it must be given to the birds. They will eat everything, and they will only thank you for the bugs and larvae.

Tit and other insectivorous birds can be delighted with fat. Just use unsalted and not smoked. You can hang it on a string, shove it into the cracks of a tree, put it in a feeder, or even pin a piece of skin with lard somewhere - this will be an excellent top dressing. Any animal fat is suitable - butter and ghee, chicken skin with fat.

What should not be given to birds in any case?

There is almost nothing that is edible, so that it is absolutely impossible. Of course, you cannot give too salty, fried or smoked, as well as a very spoiled product.

Titmouses usually live in forests. With the arrival of winter, they move closer to human settlements. Birds do not fly away to warm lands and spend the winter with us. True, most migrate in severe frosts closer to the south. So in winter in cities, my father is looking for where it is warmer. Since the warm air goes up, the warmest places are under the roofs of houses.

When to start feeding birds?

You can start with the onset of the first cold weather, although there is still quite a lot of food in the fall. The most severe food shortages begin with frost in January and continue until March-April, until the snow melts.

Where is it better to feed - in the yard or in the park?

You can feed wherever you like. The only thing is not to do this right in front of the house so that the birds do not pollute the windowsills. The same applies to parked cars. But the proximity of the playground is not a problem, birds are not harmful or dangerous for children.

What should be the feeders?

If you just hung up the feeder and don't want to keep an eye on it, make it out of decaying materials such as wood or plywood. Then, even if it deteriorates and falls, it will simply rot and that's it. It is better not to hang plastic bottles in the forest - this is how you litter the park or forest with plastic. Of course, there can be any feeder on your own site.

There are feeders that are protected from large birds that “sweep away” everything without leaving anything feathery “little things” - for example, feeders with dispensers or mesh feeders, where you need to peck out a little through the net.

A wonderful eco-friendly bird biscuit feeder. It is disposable, no trace remains of it. Hanging on a loop or string is a mixture of seeds and crumbs covered in fat, such as melted lard. After the fat has solidified, these balls can be hung on a tree. If you do not want to feed pigeons and crows, hang the treat on a thinner twig - it will be uncomfortable for large birds there. .

And on New Year's Eve you can make a real titmouse Christmas tree: hang "cookies" like Christmas tree decorations and wait - the birds will definitely come!


How do you help birds survive the cold?

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Where do bullfinches and tits live in summer?


In winter, especially after the snow has fallen, bright spots of bird plumage become especially noticeable against a white background.

The most frequent guests of city blocks at this time are tits - small birds of the passerine order, a distinctive feature of which is lemon-yellow plumage on the breast and abdomen. Bullfinches, which can be easily recognized by the bright crimson color of the breast, are somewhat less common.

Both those and other birds constantly catch our eyes in winter, but with the onset of heat they disappear somewhere. Where do bullfinches and tits live in summer, perhaps they fly to colder regions?

Bullfinch - bright bird

In winter, the bullfinches sitting on the branches look like ripe apples, miraculously not picked off by the autumn winds. The bright crimson plumage on the breast can be seen from afar; due to its characteristic coloration, this bird is difficult to confuse with other passerine species. You should know that only males have an expressive color of the breast, and for females, nature has determined a simple brownish "dress".

Russian bullfinches prefer to live where coniferous forests grow, because the main dish of their winter diet is seeds, which they peck out of cones with their strong beaks. However, they do not neglect other types of seeds - maple, alder, ash, etc. Bright birds are very fond of pecking the berries of elder or mountain ash, and they eat mainly seeds, and drop the pulp on the ground.

If bullfinches are in the habit of flying into your yard, it is easy to determine by the characteristic remnants of berries under the mountain ash or elderberry. In summer, they also eagerly feed on seeds of wild-growing grasses - quinoa, horse sorrel, burdock, etc.

How does the small titmouse live?

Tits are actually very small: their weight is only 15-23 grams. In order not to freeze in winter, they must constantly find and eat berries and seeds, and if they are lucky, then peck out from under the bark of insects that have climbed there for the winter.

They devote almost all their time to finding food. This is one of the most widespread birds in Europe, living wherever trees or shrubs grow - in gardens, forests, parks and even on not too noisy city streets.

Ornithologists count more than sixty species of tits, which differ from each other in size, color of plumage and lifestyle. In our country, the most common are great tit, powder, muskrat and marsh tit. These birds can be found almost everywhere, from Krasnodar and Crimea to the Far East and the polar regions.

In the southern regions, they lead a predominantly sedentary lifestyle, while the northern tits, with the onset of cold weather, prefer to migrate to warmer and more favorable regions.

Why are bullfinches and titmice only seen in winter?

Small representatives of the passerine order are forced to devote almost all their time to the search for food. In the summer, the task of obtaining food is not difficult to solve, since edible insects and seeds are found literally at every step.

In winter, it becomes more difficult to live in forests and gardens, so the birds move closer to human habitation.

It's easier to find food here, since people are constantly throwing away bread stubs and hanging bird feeders, and it is not so difficult to find a warm place to sleep somewhere under a roof.

At the end of the winter cold, when the earth begins to wake up, and various bugs and spiders creep out to the surface, tits and bullfinches migrate from cities closer to nature - to nearby forests, gardens and parks.

There, among the green foliage, in secluded places, they build nests, incubate the laid clutches of eggs, and then take care of the offspring.

Only an attentive observer can notice a small titmouse or a nimble bullfinch in the dense branches.

That is why it seems to us that in the summer the birds fly away somewhere from our edges, although in reality they are just changing their habitat.

A source:

Do tits hibernate


The digestive system of birds is not adapted to what humans eat. Therefore, when feeding them, you need to know what you can put in the trough and what you can't. Do not leave them there products that have begun to deteriorate. This can be very harmful to the birds. Smoked, fried and salty foods are very harmful for them. If fed with bread crumbs, then - only from white bread. Black can be deadly for them.

It is best to give them what they eat in their natural environment: sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, watermelons. You can, if any, frozen berries, nuts. Some of the "human" foods can still be kept for the birds. The main thing is that they are fresh. If fed with lard, then - not salted.

Don't give them millet. You can put dried fruits in the feeders. Suitable for feeding tits and cheese, hard-boiled egg. Just remember to grind them. Can be grated, or finely chopped. Also, porridge made from rice, buckwheat, pearl barley are also suitable for them.

You do not need to sprinkle raw cereals, you should boil.

Tit Eats Lard

Building a bird feeder isn't difficult. You can use anything for it. It is not necessary to arm yourself with a hacksaw for this. You can simply make a "bird's canteen" out of any packaging from juice or other products. Cut plastic bottles will work as well. Of course, if there is a desire and time, it is best to make the feeder more spacious and comfortable out of wood.

Once having found food for themselves, the tits will fly to this place again. And, if you regularly feed them, then they will arrive constantly. Tits are very curious and daring creatures. Therefore, they can fly into the open window. And if they also find something to feast on there, they will definitely take it away. And, although the tits get used to the places where you can eat and to the people who feed them, not everyone dares to sit on their hands.

Why do titmice die in winter?

Igor Vaisman

This is not a fairy tale. This is much worse. Someone told the tits that kind, caring and merciful creatures live in cities, who also move on two legs and wear warm clothes in winter. That they will not let them starve to death, they will always share, they will give the last. The tits believed and for the winter they began to move from the hungry forest to the cities.

Yes, only what was said turned out to be true to a very small extent. If anyone thinks about hungry birds, then two or three city dwellers out of a hundred. The rest do not care about them. These others do not see anything around and live exclusively by their own interests. More precisely, they notice the tits, but the fact that they need to eat something does not even occur to these gentlemen. Here is a young grandmother with a grandson of about five years old.

- Look, - she says, - the titmouses have arrived. So winter has come. But she does not see the pitiful eyes looking at her with hope, as if she were wearing blinkers. And then an old, hunched-over old woman (of those two or three people) took a bag of grain from a shabby bag and pours it to the poor fellows.

“Look,” says the young grandmother, “you need to take care of yourself, but she feeds the birds! Or like this:“ People are hungry, but she thinks about titmouses! ”What a bad old woman,” thinks the grandson. “I’ll grow up, I won’t do that for anything!” - Granny, is this Baba Yaga? He asks, but a guy and a girl, who look pretty decent, stopped at a culinary stand for a bite to eat. They eat slowly, chat, laugh.

Several birds perched on the snow two meters away from them and, without taking their eyes off the chewing, wait, hoping that they will fall. But those who had not eaten everything were thrown into the urn, along with napkins and a wrapper. And, laughing, they left in an embrace. By all appearances, their souls are light, not like those of the titmouse who have not waited for anything.

Well, and those who sit in warm apartments, what do they do with their leftovers? Throwing hungry? No matter how it is! They carefully pack food leftovers (which could save many from death!) In a plastic bag along with bottles, packaging, cigarette butts and other garbage and throw it into the garbage chute.

Why are they doing this? Are they sorry for the leftovers? Or do they like to do everything to the detriment? Not. It just doesn't occur to them to think about anyone other than themselves. Well, maybe something else about their relatives.

What do titmice eat in winter?

Even if you make a remark to them, they, as if nothing had happened, parry: - Well, you think about titmouses, so you feed! And I, you know, have enough problems of my own. It also happens. An imposing, self-confident young man buys seeds, pours them on his palm and waits for the titmouse to peck from it. And his girlfriend photographs this scene, then to post it on the Internet.

"They saw, they say, what a hero I am!" The birds will remember their benefactor and next time they will circle around him, as if saying: "Well, what are you, buddy, where are your seeds?" But yesterday's hero will not even look in their direction. "I have everything o, key!" - written on the faces of these people (from the absolute majority). But what good is it that it is their fault that innocent souls perish? ”“ We didn’t invite them! They will say.

They will also add: `` This is how the world works. '' I knew why tits die in winter from a young age. The teacher, in the third grade, said: - In winter, in the forest where the tits live, there is no food. Therefore, they fly to people. They are counting on us, and if they are not fed, they will die. With these words, she showed how you can easily make a feeder from an ordinary box left over from something.

Alas, there are few who followed the advice of such teachers. Not often, frankly speaking, you see feeders.

How many unfortunate forest guests who flew in for help have died over the years? And how many continues to die?

Photo from the site "Bookstore" Published with the permission of the site owner Eduard Baikov

Copyright: Igor Vaysman, 2014 Certificate of publication No. 214120701840

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Other works of the author Igor Vaisman


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amazed What - lovely! (I'm not talking about an illustration, I'm talking about the main THEME, which is a red thread)

I love tits - to adoration I don’t know myself - why Maybe because - I caught them in childhood with traps set in the garden on branches I’m going from school - and I don’t have enough patience: to see from afar whether the trap is closed or not. When closed, then, carefully lifting the lid - it is so joyful to see the glittering eye of a miracle there Lived in a makeshift cage Fed, watered, but, of course, that - he understood that - NOT FREEDOM In the spring - he let go happy I say - as in spirit - it was

When now, it happens, I walk through the forest with a mushroom walk, I hear a tit - I begin to whistle to her in their language (I learned) They answer and - lead and show me - WHERE THE MUSHROOMS!

-And now about feeding them

From the balconies from above - so much food (and garbage with it) is thrown by the people under my windows to crows, rooks and pigeons, which, probably, because of this only - I did not think of making it right by the window - any feeder

Now, after reading you, I am ashamed and will definitely do it. I don’t know whether the same pigeons and magpies will interfere with my venture.

Kenotron Mysterious 03/16/2018 09:23 AM • Alleged violations

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They wrote beautifully and heartily! Hence the natural question: why don't you write about tits? The topic is necessary and poorly lit, as they say, a free niche.

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Where and how many doves and other city birds live


No city can be imagined without the winged inhabitants of the streets and squares. Pigeons, sparrows, tits settled next to humans and have long become part of the urban environment. What do we know about these birds? If you think about it, then - a little. Do you know where pigeons live and sleep? What about other city birds? What is their lifespan? It is worth learning more about those who live near us.


These birds are always considered a symbol of purity , love and fidelity. Let's remember the custom of releasing white doves at a wedding. This symbolic ritual symbolizes a long and happy life together and joy for the newlyweds. There are many breeds of this bird, they all descended from the wild dove, which today can be found in the countries:

Therefore, the dove is often called the bird of peace. He can even live in high mountain areas , provided that there are places inhabited by a person.

Where do the pigeons spend the night? Where do they build their nests? In the mountains, they can choose crevices in the rock for this; in urban conditions, pigeons fly to sleep under the roofs of houses. These birds do not tend to settle on tree branches and most of them do not even know how to sit on branches.

Types of pigeons

In the wild, birdwatchers count more than 30 species of these birds. As a result of their domestication and crossing, dozens of new breeds were obtained, differing in size and color of plumage.

Our streets are traditionally inhabited by ash-gray pigeons with a green or purple tint on their feathers. Males are darker in color than females, and shimmer more. The bird acquires elegant plumage after maturation.

Young pigeons have dull feathers up to a certain age.

  • The largest species of pigeons catch up with the size of the chicken and can weigh about 0.5 kg.
  • Small varieties are not much larger than the sparrow.

The wingspan of pigeons is quite wide, they are strong and powerful. Birds easily lose down and feathers, the places of their accumulation are easy to identify by the presence of feathers.

A large amount of droppings also remain in their habitats, which forces the city authorities to take measures to scare away pigeons and even exterminate them.

Despite this, the townspeople love to contemplate on a walk in parks and squares these peaceful birds and are often fed with bread or grain. And someone with pleasure breeds domestic pigeons.

Breeders ring birds so that you don't have to worry about how to determine the age of a pigeon. In nature, these data can be determined by its behavior. If the bird shows a sexual instinct, then it is more than 5 months old. The pigeon transfers the first molt at the age of six months, at the same time the color of the wax beak changes. The coarse wax and the eye rings are present in birds from the age of 4 years. The color of the paws fades at about 5 years.

Pigeon lifestyle and habits

These birds are distinguished peaceful character and gullibility, so they easily become victims of a person's rash actions, his activities, or an object of animal attack. Frost or infectious diseases can also cause death of pigeons in the city. Wild pigeons are careful and shy, and tamed ones can easily peck the offered treat from their hands.

Pigeons are not classified as predators. The basis of their diet is grain. , various fruits and berry crops. These birds were glorified by their gluttony. From dawn until the moment they go to bed, they are in search of food. They can be easily tamed by feeding them at certain hours in the same place. City pigeons greedy for food always choose larger pieces and hastily swallow them, pushing their congeners to get the next portion of food.

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About the habitat and overnight stay of tits in winter and summer: where they nest, where they come from

One of the popular birds found in the city is the titmouse. Small birds are most noticeable in winter, when the bright plumage on the breast is striking. The question often arises of where the tits spend the night and how they hide their chicks.

Where titmice live and sleep, behavioral features

You can meet a titmouse only during the daytime. Unlike other birds, the titmouse does not spend the night in trees. Spends quite a bit of time on the branches in order to rest before the next flight. The rest of the time the bird is in search of food.

Even preschoolers know what a titmouse looks like

At night, birds look for cozy places that do not get wind, draft or snow. Most often these are:

  • cracks under the roofs of houses,
  • hollows in the trees,
  • dense spots in pine branches.

When asked where the tits spend the night, many answer that they are in birdhouses. This opinion is incorrect, since it is cold in the nesting boxes for a small bird, and the device is not used.

Important! The birds have a hierarchy in the search for food. Adults are the first to fly up to the feeder. Young animals look for food even in the evening, as a result of which they often freeze.


You can meet the bird in almost all regions, including the Moscow region, the Caucasus, Siberia. The birds are distinguished by their small size and characteristic yellow plumage. A feature of birds is an inconspicuous way of life, which many townspeople do not even think about.

Birds spend a lot of time in the air.

Migratory bird or sedentary

Tits are sedentary inhabitants that do not leave the region in which they live. However, in case of severe frosts, the birds gather in small flocks and move from the forest closer to residential areas. This is necessary so as not to freeze in winter and find food.

Titmouses can also move to other regions to search for more benign weather conditions.

Where does the bird spend the night in winter?

In order to find out where the tits winter, you need to take a closer look. Birds are often seen in window openings or under roofs.

In the village, you can meet a bird absolutely in any place where there is protection from snow and cold. The habitat of the titmouse is diverse; you can often find a bird under the branches of bushes, which bent under the weight of the snow.

Where he spends the night in the winter, you can find out as a result of observations

In order to understand where the tits sleep and how they sleep in winter, you need to take a closer look. In such places, the birds gather in groups and snuggle tightly to each other. This keeps you warm. There are more feathers on the breast than in other parts of the body. During sleep, the titmouse ruffles its feathers and forms a small ball, thereby retaining heat.

Important! Birds are of great benefit not only in summer, but also in winter. Titmouses feed on the larvae of harmful insects. In autumn and winter, yellow bellies tap the bark and remove pests, thereby saving the tree from further infection.

Where bullfinches spend the night in winter

Another type of bird that appears in cities in winter is bullfinches. In order to find out where bullfinches spend the night in winter, you need to carefully look at the dense bushes and conifers. Most often, birds take refuge from the wind and cold among coniferous needles.

Where bullfinches spend the night in winter is not difficult to understand

Where the titmouse spends the night in summer

Finding out where titmice and bullfinches live in the summer is very simple. Since these birds prefer warm conditions in the summer, they do not need to hide in secluded places.

Birds can spend the night in trees, under the roofs of houses. Despite the warm conditions in the summer, the birds try to protect themselves from the attack of predators. Bullfinches in the summer prefer coniferous plantations away from people.

Young animals often fall asleep in feeders. This allows them to be near food earlier than others after the appearance of a new portion of food.

Place of residence in the city, village

Tits can be found in villages and the city. However, in the villages there are much more birds, as they are more likely to find food in the cold season.

Nesting place

Since the birds are safe in the forests, it is very easy to find out where the tits nest. The breeding season is in the spring. Many people wonder where the tits and bullfinches disappeared in the spring. Birds return to the forest for the following reasons:

  • during the nesting period, access to a large amount of food is necessary;
  • nests are placed in tall trees;
  • to insulate the nest, the bird uses moss, twigs and fluff.

Therefore, in urban areas where tits live in winter, it is very difficult to build a nest.

Where nest

Birds rarely form their own nests between branches on trees. Most often, they take up ready-made structures. You can also often find nests in hollows, burrows or crevices of rocks.

Titmouse nest can be found in the hollow

Where the chicks are hidden

Titmouses carefully hide their nests during the incubation period. This is necessary so that the chicks are protected from predators.

Also, in the first few weeks, the chicks do not have feathers, so a secluded place without drafts is used to form a nest. The nest is covered with fallen leaves and twigs.

Why do titmice live in the forest, forest belt

In order to find out where the tits live in the summer, you need to visit the park. In summer, birds live in forests and forest plantations, where they have access to a large amount of food.

However, after the onset of cold weather, yellow-bellies move closer to people. You can meet the titmouse both in villages and urban areas.

Important! One bird during the summer can protect up to 20 trees from pests.

Life span

The titmouse has a short life period. On average, a bird can live up to 3 years. Habitat and weather conditions are of great importance.

What influences

Life expectancy is affected by the place where the titmouse lives. In the city, the bird is often attacked by predators. Also, many birds do not tolerate severe frosts, especially at night, when the place where the tits sleep is not protected from the cold. In addition, it is very difficult for birds to find food during the winter. Therefore, it is recommended to make feeders and feed all flying city dwellers.

Also, the following animals can affect the life expectancy of yellow bellies:

  • squirrels regularly destroy bird nests in the fight for the hollow;
  • martens and cats hunt birds;
  • in cramped conditions, birds are often attacked by fleas.

Also, in winter, a struggle for food appears among the birds, which often leads to the death of individual members of the flock.

Important! Making a bird feeder is not enough. It is necessary to regularly replenish food supplies.

Tits are most in need of food in the morning and evening. Morning feeding allows you to regain the activity that was lost at night. Evening feeding promotes a small layer of fat, which is consumed at night to generate heat.

Life span in captivity

Under artificial conditions, the life period of tits is longer. Despite the fact that the titmouse lives in a cage, it has all the necessary conditions for life and regular feed.

Thus, the life expectancy of yellow bellies is more than 10 years. However, in order to extend the lifespan of birds, it is necessary to choose the right cage. The titmouse prefers a lot of space, as she spends most of her time in motion. In cramped conditions, the bird may die.

Bird in captivity

Migration of tits in Russia, where they fly away and when they arrive

With the onset of the first frost, birds fly from forests and parks to settlements. With the onset of spring in March, they return to the parks in order to occupy the nest. Since in April titmice begin to lay eggs. After the chicks appear, the birds feed them with larvae and caterpillars. It is much easier to collect such food in the forest.

Among the most popular birds found in parks and cities, many will name the titmouse. A small bird is constantly in motion and is of great benefit. It is very rare to see these birds sitting on branches. In order to find out how titmice winter, it is enough to look closely. They settle closer to residential buildings, since in the cold season, buildings emit heat, which keeps life.

A source:

Tits and people


  • Tit chirp
  • Tits in winter

Everyone loves to wake up in the morning in a great mood. People slowly enter reality, returning from the world of dreams. Sounds are the first thing that bursts into their consciousness and creates the very mood that charges with positive or negative for the whole day.

Gentle, melodic sounds act peacefully on the human psyche, while sharp, loud and heavy sounds, on the contrary, are traumatic and annoying.

Tit chirp

This situation is quite another matter: not yet waking up completely, through a drowsiness one can hear a gentle breath of breeze outside the window and a ringing, beautiful, flooded melody. It begins with a light, intermittent whistle, and then, not feeling any obstacles, it flies in all directions with a wonderful chirp and various xin - zin - tans. A person who has heard these sounds wakes up with joy in his heart.

Nature itself sent him cheerfulness and joy on this day. I want to get up, run to the window and see the miracle that he can sing so well. And everyone who is not too lazy to do this will definitely see a small, yellow titmouse. Yes, yes, it is she (or rather, he, the male) who is so beautifully and positively poured under the window, and tells her wonderful life story. Let's try to find out what the thin-voiced titmouse can tell about itself.

Tits in winter

These small birds live almost everywhere: in forests, taiga, in open areas, along the banks of rivers and lakes, but they especially prefer being close to humans. Tits are not migratory birds, so they have to overcome all the difficulties and severity of winters together with other local feathered neighbors. So they adjoin other species of birds, creating motley flocks, and wander in search of food in the forest.


How to care for a chick that has fallen out of the nest?

If it becomes very cold and hungry, titmouses move to live closer to a human dwelling. They need help from people, and people, in turn, must feed them and build feeders. In addition to feeders, titmouses should also be built, since these birds do not build their nests, but use other people's abandoned nests or tree hollows.

Tit food

They can pour raw sunflower seeds into the feeder, which they love very much and prefer all kinds of grain to mixtures. Titmouses are gourmets: each one chooses the largest seed, takes it carefully and flies off to the side, giving another titmouse the opportunity to choose the seed they like, and leave food that is not tasty for them to other birds, who also fly to feast on.

Our friends are mostly peaceful, get along with many birds, do not get into fights, but if necessary, they can also stand up for themselves. Titmouses are also very attentive and careful, perhaps that is why they are less likely to fall into the claws of cats than their neighbors - sparrows.

With all their caution, these birds are very curious and a patient bird lover will even be able to hand feed them. But only if the birds are not afraid and get used to the person, knowing that he always brings them food and does no harm.

For this they will thank not only with their songs and pleasant communication, but also with the fact that, having got used to the feeding place, in the summer time these beauties will destroy insects harmful for planting. And it is also popularly believed that the neighborhood of a titmouse is always fortunate.

Listening to how this little creature creates such a delightful morning, you begin to understand that people are always right.

A source:

Real tits what a tit looks like and what it eats, where can you find and what a great tit looks like

A huge number of different types of living beings are found in nature. They all have different species characteristics, color, order of life. And you can meet them in completely different places. In this article we will talk in detail about the mischievous titmouse - a bird that has been familiar to all of us for a long time, but nevertheless, interesting and unusual in its own way.

Who is a tit?

One of the most mysterious and nimble living creatures are "feathered", that is, birds. They soar somewhere in the clouds and just don't fall into your hands. There are no domesticated, tame birds, except for those whom a person has tamed with the help of food and training, or taught to live in cages:

  • parrots,
  • canaries,
  • pigeons.

However, despite all their obstinacy and nimbleness, birds soaring in the sky will always arouse admiration from a person. And when in the early morning the birds sing in clear voices, people feel the happiness and harmony of this world.

One of these singers is the titmouse. When she sings, the sensation of ringing bells is created. It is this magnificent bird who, with her singing, is trying to tell all people that spring is coming soon.

Meals at different times of the year

Just tits, or real tits - all these are birds that belong to the same genus of the "titmouse" family, a detachment of "passerine" ... They are incredibly fast and agile creatures. This can be especially clearly seen when the bird jumps on the tree from branch to branch. To find its favorite delicacy - insects, the titmouse examines every crack in the tree.

The most common type that can be found throughout our country is the great tit. It is also called a highway. It is the largest and most numerous species in the entire world. What does the titmouse eat? In the summer there is more choice for them than at any other time of the year. Indeed, it is during this period that a large number of insects are observed around.

The menu in spring and summer consists of aphids, flies, mosquitoes, dung beetles, leaf beetles, butterfly caterpillars and invertebrates. These birds are also very fond of cockroaches and dragonflies, grasshoppers and ants, ticks, millipedes and even bees, only with a severed sting.

Thus, titmouses do a useful job. When insect pests are eaten, they save trees and plants in park and forest areas from pests that can lead to their death.

In early spring, they feast on bats that have not yet woken up after winter and are in hibernation.

Family life

The chirp that can be heard in early spring is usually emitted by males. They love to huddle in parks and squares, gardens and orchards ... It is in the spring that titmouses get to know each other and equip their nests. This responsibility lies with the females. For construction, they use moss and wool, as well as grass, vines.

These items are needed for bedding in avian dwellings. Titmouse can hatch up to ten cubs. After 20 days, juveniles fly away from home. For some time they are under the control of their parents, and then the newborns fly away for an independent life.

What does a titmouse look like

Why these birds are called "titmouses" is not known for certain. However, one of the versions says that this is due to singing - hsin-hsin. According to another version, this is due to her color. Tits have a long tail and bright colors. Females have less vivid colors feathers. Males have a black cap with blue on their heads, behind a yellow-white spot. In newborn tits, it is small and indistinct. In females, the caps are dark gray. And the young ones have a brown, olive color.

The abdomens of the tits are bright yellow, the cheeks are white. The tits have a black stripe from the chest. In males, it is wider than in females. On the neck there is a black girdle line, like a collar.

The backrest can be of different colors:

  • yellow,
  • green,
  • gray,
  • blue.

The shoulders are olive green, and the wings and tail are blue.

Currently, there are more than 30 subspecies of tits. They differ from each other in shades of feathers and saturation of white color. Most of all, tits like to live in oak groves with voids in their trunks. It is easier for them to find food there.

What is the difference between highways

One of the subspecies of real tits is large, unlike the usual one, they do not choose a place for themselves for a long time. They prefer simpler and easier options. They can live in pipes, rocks, abandoned houses. Sometimes abandoned birdhouses are occupied. They also like to nest in trees, where they equip hollows.

Great tits have a black head and neck, white cheeks. The top is olive and the tummy is yellow.

The great tit is the largest in size, it grows up to 17 centimeters, and weighs from 14 to 22 grams. Imagine the wingspan of a great tit can reach 26 centimeters .

Lay 6 to 11 eggs. The female incubates them for about two weeks. This species is aggressive. They are almost not afraid of people. They have their own way of life. For example, when they feed, relatives that are weaker are driven away from the food.

Bolshaki make no less than 40 sounds of different tone, timbre, tempo and pitch. Males sing more. When the mating season comes, there is no trace of the fast and joyful birds. They become violent towards each other, they may even fight.

Types of tits and their habitats

Absolutely all tits, no matter what color they are, are characterized by a sharp beak. In some cases, they can even pierce aluminum coatings, for example, on bottles.

Let's consider some of the species differences of these birds from each other.

Blue tit blue or green - smaller than the great tit. Its length does not exceed 14 centimeters, and it weighs up to 14 grams. The main difference is that there is a white and blue spot on the cap. The whitish cheeks are separated by a black stripe.

Another kind - Muscovy or black tit ... It resembles a large one, but in size, much smaller than it. She has a white spot on the back of her head. This bird loves to nest in coniferous forests. Sings in the treetops, loves to look around everything. Muscovites love to be kept at home, in cages. These birds, like canaries, do well in captivity. At the same time, they continue to delight the owners with the splendor of their singing.

Another type of titmouse - chicks , they usually live in the wilderness. For example, the brown gait prefers to live in deciduous forests, while the gray gait prefers to live in the deep taiga. Outwardly, the female from the male is almost impossible to distinguish.

Crested tit , grenadier or else it is called khokhlusha - a motley bird with a large tuft on its head. She loves to roam in the woods with flocks of other tits. Despite the fact that she is noticeably different from her relatives, she travels with them in a flock. While searching for food, it can climb the trunk of trees.

Ordinary Pemez has a brown back and a black mask. Before winter, it flies from the forests to the Caucasus, Asia, Japan or South China. The bird weighs only 10 grams. One of the smallest species of the pendulum is the hanging tit. She is yellow-gray in color. Lives in Africa. This is a quiet and active bird.

Another interesting species of tits is long-tailed or mug ... Likes to live away from man, in deciduous forests of Europe, Asia, Iran, Siberia, Kamchatka, China. The bird weighs up to 9 grams, has a tail length of 107 millimeters, while it itself has a size of up to 170 millimeters.

People help titmice survive in winter

Tits are non-migratory birds, sedentary. It is difficult to imagine what titmice eat in winter. It is at this time that they gather together and wander to different places. From all places, choosing exactly where there is food for them. Sometimes they find sleeping bats, after which they peck at them. Vegetation is also eaten - for example, rowan berries, which are easy to find in winter.

It so happens that in big cities these birds spend the winter next to people. Sometimes tits can consume waste. Often, caring people build feeders for tits. Even a small piece of bread for a titmouse is a wonderful and tasty treat.

Titmouse also love seeds, cereals, bacon, cottage cheese, cream. Therefore, if you help these little birds, you can become their best friend. Often these birds from forests, groves, squares fly closer to human settlements.

All this, because there they are more likely to find complementary foods.

If you want to tame a dexterous bird, carefully, slowly feed it, do not make sudden movements so as not to frighten it off, regularly carry food to it in its home. And maybe, after a while, the titmouse will learn to eat from your open palm. The great tit, for example, generally does not make any food reserves for the winter.

Unfortunately, almost 90% of titmice die in winter , therefore, the survival of this species of birds depends not only on their reserves and adaptation, but also on humans. But if the tits are full, then the fierce winter is not terrible for them.

You will learn many more interesting facts about titmice from our video.

A source:

Tit bird. Tit lifestyle and habitat

Who is not familiar with such an interesting and beautiful bird as tit ? Probably, such among people simply do not exist because this is exactly the bird that is everywhere and everywhere.

Tits in the sky one of the first to notify us that winter is receding and spring is coming to replace it. The original sounds, which are especially audible at this time, last long and intrusive.

They differ little from the sounds of an anvil. Not everyone knows what this peculiar singing means. It turns out that this male is poured into songs in the hope of meeting his betrothed.

Many people are accustomed to the fact that these birds are constantly with them and in front of their eyes. Virtually no one is experiencing big tits interest, but in vain. In fact, this is a rather original and interesting feathered one.

With the arrival of the first autumn frosts, these birds with white cheeks, yellow breasts with a divided black stripe in the middle appear in the vicinity of cities and villages. They never lead a reclusive life.

They need to be everywhere and know everything. This very curious creature dashes everywhere, screaming between the trees. By their behavior, titmouses resemble children. They are very attentive.

Their eyes and ears catch literally everything. Their sonorous voice is heard from afar. They feel in advance what winter will be like. The more titmouses arrive in the fall, the more cold you should expect.

Great tit so called because it is one of the largest birds in Europe. The length of her body does not exceed 180 mm. And the bird weighs about 25 g. The birds have a strong, albeit inconspicuous, cone-shaped beak.

Her plumage even on photo of a tit unrealistically colorful and beautiful. The abdomen is yellow and has a black tie in the middle. The head also has an unusually beautiful black plumage with a blue tint.

Tit cheeks are white. The back of the head is decorated with a yellow-white spot. The color of the back is dominated by olive, green, gray, blue. Thanks to such a bright and saturated color scheme, the titmouse stands out very strongly against the white winter landscape.

On small, barely noticeable nostrils, bristle-like feathers are observed. The paws of the birds are small. But it only at first glance seems that they are fragile and weak. They have fairly strong fingers, sharp, curved claws.

With the help of its legs, the titmouse can easily stay on the tree even with strong gusts of wind. The wings of a titmouse are short; they are rounded at the ends. It is interesting to know that with the age of the titmouse, their plumage becomes even much brighter. There are no significant differences between the male and the female.

This bird is found almost throughout the territory of Russia, in the Caucasus. Tit description familiar even to a small child, so it is not difficult to recognize it among all other birds.

Many people often ask the question - migratory bird tit or not? And despite the fact that she is most often next to us, not everyone knows the correct answer.

In fact, the titmouse is sedentary. Only need, the onset of severe cold weather and hunger force this bird to change its place of residence. This is only for self-preservation purposes.

Great tit

Already from February, as soon as the first messengers of spring begin to be felt, titmouses notify us with their wonderful mood. Singing titmouse if compared with something, it most resembles the sound of bells.

It is gentle, long-lasting and joyful because another fierce winter is behind us. With the arrival of warmth, the songs of the tits subside somewhat and are lost in the plurality of all other summer sounds.

Character and lifestyle

It is very difficult for this mischievous woman to sit in one place. She is in constant motion. Tits are unpretentious creatures. This is a gregarious bird that does not know what loneliness is.

In dexterity and curiosity, they do not occupy. They are able to do what is absolutely beyond the power of their fellows. For example, their well-known somersaults on some surface. Such a trick is obtained in a tit with the help of its strong and tenacious legs.

These paws help her survive if her nest is far away. The titmouse simply attaches itself to the branch with its claws and falls asleep. At such moments, it resembles a small fluffy ball. This ability saves the bird from severe cold weather.

Each species tits only their characteristic features ... But all of them are united by beautiful plumage, mischievous behavior and exciting singing. It is a pity that under difficult weather conditions, not all birds manage to survive until spring and be the first to notify us about it. Some of them cannot withstand severe frosts.

Tits are the real orderlies of nature. They destroy harmful insects and thus save green spaces. For example, one family of tits cleans more than 40 trees from pests in order to feed their offspring.

The titmouse is not always good-natured and cheerful. During the breeding season, they become evil, soulless and cruel creatures when it comes to their offspring. They defend their territories with zeal and fearlessness.

The birds molt once a year. In order to build a nest for themselves, tits find depressions in trees or abandoned hollows of other birds or animals. Most often they settle in the abandoned dwellings of woodpeckers. Not all, but there are some species of tits , who are not lazy and with their labors gouge a recess for the nest.

The couple is engaged in warming the home together. Only their responsibilities are slightly separated. Usually, the female brings light feathers or wool to the new nest, and the male brings heavier building material - moss or lichen.


The main diet of tits is insects. In view of their unpretentiousness, they do not refuse plant food. Favorite delicacy - spruce and pine cones.

There are such types of tits, which enjoy hammering the bark of a tree and pulling out larvae and other insects from under it. Often, looking at such a picture, you might think that this is a woodpecker who has changed its image.

Birds love spiders, bedbugs, butterflies, caterpillars, eggs. Those who live near people do not refuse cottage cheese, bread crumbs, cereals, meat pieces, lard, berries and fruits. They don't stock up on food. But with great pleasure they can rob their fellows.

Muscovites, puffs, nuthatches are often attacked by them. In the winter season, tits stay longer in those places where there is enough food. They can visit the feeder throughout the winter and not fly anywhere far from it.

Tit nestling

Why is it so useful to create bird feeders in the winter. This saves many tits, which in turn saves green spaces. There are suggestions that an adult titmouse eats as many insects as it weighs in one day.

Reproduction and life expectancy

In flocks of birds, pairs of tits are formed, which, after building a nest, begin to think about offspring. During this period, they turn from merry people into serious and aggressive birds.

Mother tit is waiting for the appearance of chicks

Now they need to take care not only of themselves, but also of their future offspring. Usually, there are about 15 spotted eggs in a clutch. The eggs of the tits are also easy to distinguish from the eggs of other birds. They are sprinkled with red dots, which form a kind of ring at the blunt end of the egg.

Eggs are laid twice a year. The first time is at the end of April, the second is closer to the middle of summer. It takes 13 days to hatch eggs. This issue is dealt with only by the female. Her partner at this time will make sure that she does not starve.

After the birth of completely helpless chicks, the female does not leave the nest for a couple of days, warming her babies. All this time, the male selflessly takes care of his family, carries them food and protects them from enemies.

It takes 16 days for chicks to fully fledge, stand on the wing and prepare for independent life. And by 10 months, the chicks are ready to reproduce their offspring themselves. Tits live for about 15 years.

A source:

How and where do birds sleep at night

Let's talk about how birds sleep. At night, birds are rarely seen in the park and on the streets of cities. At this time, they settle in cozy places, protected from predators and humans. Most birds fall asleep at night, and during the day they hunt and forage. Birds choose roofs of houses, attics, trees, and even snowdrifts as a refuge. Some species of birds are capable of falling asleep in the air for several minutes.

Where the birds sleep

It is rare to see birds at night because they do not sleep in the open. This is where they are most vulnerable.

Birds prefer to spend the night in secluded places. The main thing for them is safety, protection from predators and adverse weather conditions.

Birds choose trees with a branchy crown, dense bushes. Here they sit close to the leaf and reliably hide from night rains and strong winds.

A favorite place for magpies, blackbirds and tits are conifers. Birds feel comfortable among evergreens.

Birds tend to take a cavity place: a birdhouse, a cave, cracks in rocks, chimneys, grooves under the roots of trees. Here, a predator and a man will not reach them. Therefore, the birds calmly rest until the morning.

Waterfowl sleep on the water. They choose places in the distance or small islands of plants. As the enemy approaches, the water begins to splash and vibrate. The bird wakes up immediately and can be saved.

Outside the city, sparrows often bask in sheds with poultry. They huddle in crevices, attics and far corners. In the city, sparrows spend the night in bushes and trees.

Starlings prefer to stay together at night in a large friendly commune. They populate forests en masse, after which the trees are covered with a layer of bird excrement.

Titmouses sleep comfortably next to each other. They choose a secluded spot in the crown of trees, under roofs in attics, and huddle closely together.

Ravens fly away into the forest belt in summer, and in winter they stay on the tops of city trees.

Sleeping hummingbirds become numb and thus keep warm.

Virginia partridges choose an unusual way of staying overnight. They lie on the ground in a circle with their feet inward and close their heads to each other.

Do they spend the night in the nest

During the incubation of eggs, the birds sit in the nest without interruption and are weaned only to search for food. At night, the female continues to incubate future chicks. When the chicks grow up and fly away from the nest, the birds stop sleeping in it.

After the end of the mating season, the nest is very dirty. It is filled with excrement, food debris and feathers. Such a house is unsuitable for living and spending the night. In addition, nests often break when chicks grow up.

The birds return to their nests and sleep in them if winds and downpours clear the dwelling.

Is it cold to the feathered

Birds have a high body temperature of 42 degrees and a fur coat made of down and feathers, between which there is air - an excellent heat insulator. By squeezing or fluffing feathers, birds reduce or increase the layer of air around their body. Thus, they regulate heat transfer.

Capercaillies, hazel grouses, partridges sleep in the snow. They burrow into a snowdrift to a depth of 6-12 cm and sit in it until dawn. Snow protects birds from bitter frosts.

But during heavy snowfalls, snowdrifts grow. Birds sometimes die, because they cannot always get out of their burrow in the morning.

Every night, the birds dig new holes for themselves.

Thanks to the branched network of blood vessels in the paws, the bird does not freeze, although the body temperature decreases during sleep.

Sleep in flight

We talked about where the birds spend the night. Now let's figure out how the sleep process takes place. Black terns and black swifts can sleep in flight. They close their eyes for a few seconds and fall asleep. Then they wake up and continue to fly.

Among those who like to sleep in the air are storks. They practice such a dream during long flights. The flock stops for a short time, so it is forced to recuperate in flight.

In the course of research, ornithologists have found that storks sleep from a few seconds to 10 minutes.

Storks and cranes can sleep standing on one leg. The other they pull up to the abdomen.

Bird feature

Birds have a huge advantage over mammals. In a dream, they do not fall into unconsciousness, therefore they are able to control their condition. Scientists call this phenomenon one-hemispheric slow-wave sleep.

The feathered one closes one eye, and keeps the other ajar. Therefore, at any moment he can wake up and fly away from the impending danger.

Ornithologists have not yet fully studied this feature, but have come to a consensus. If birds feel protected and comfortable, they sleep better. But at the slightest danger, they turn on the one-hemispheric mode.

It is thanks to this feature that swifts and storks can fall asleep in the air. They sleep with one eye, and control the flight with the other.

During sleep, birds often lay their heads under their wings. The most vulnerable parts of the body are reliably hidden in feathers. They form air pockets, thanks to which the bird does not freeze.

Sleep in a pack

Many birds prefer to sleep in flocks. Before going to bed, they gather in a huge commune and do not disperse until the morning. There can be several hundred birds in one place.

Feathered warmth, thanks to the habit of sleeping closely huddled together.

Thus, they solve two problems:

  • heat preservation;
  • protection from predators.

When enemies appear, one bird immediately raises a panic. Therefore, the rest have a chance to escape.

Why don't birds fall at night

Birds spend the night on tree branches and feel absolutely safe due to the anatomy of their legs. The birds comfortably spend the night and bend their legs.

Thanks to the work of the flexor tendon, fingers and claws grip the branch firmly. The paws remain in this position all night.

Due to the anatomy of the legs, the birds do not need to make an effort to stay on the branch at night. They sleep peacefully all night and do not fall down even in bad weather.

In a dream, the body of the feathered slightly falls down and presses on its paws. In this position, the fingers grip the branch even more. Only after awakening does the bird open its legs.

How many birds sleep

Bird watchers have not yet given a clear answer to this question. Birds fall asleep after sunset and under good conditions can sleep until dawn.

The longer the dark night, the longer the bird sleeps. If enemies have disturbed sleep, the birds can also sleep during the day. Provided they feel safe.

Owls, eagle owls, owls are nocturnal. During the day they comfortably nestle in the trees and fall asleep, and at night they get food.

Now you know how and where birds sleep at night. Have you seen birds sleeping at night?

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All About Tit

  • Tit, wintering bird or migratory.
    • Is it possible for children to consider the titmouse as a songbird?
  • Tit: interesting facts, photos and a short description
  • Bird tit: species, names, photos of great tit, long-tailed, crested, muscovy, powder
  • Tit: a bird of prey, a migratory bird or not?
  • Characteristics, behavior of tits: a description for children
  • Where do titmice spend the night in the city, where do they fly in summer?
  • Where does the titmouse nest?
  • What does a titmouse eat in summer and winter in the wild?
  • How to feed tits in winter?
  • Is it possible and how to feed tits with lard, fried and raw seeds, millet?
  • How long does a titmouse live: life expectancy in the wild and in a cage
  • Does the titmouse benefit a person?
  • Interesting Titmouse Facts: Examples
  • Yew tit
  • Description
  • The study
  • Notes (edit)
  • Tit
  • Origin of the species and description
  • Appearance and features
  • Where does the titmouse live?
  • What does the titmouse eat?
  • Features of character and lifestyle
  • Social structure and reproduction
  • Natural enemies of tits
  • Population and status of the species
  • What do the signs about the tit promise
  • Signs about a tit by the window and at home
    • Tit by the window
    • Titmouse on the balcony
    • Tit in the house
  • Other signs
    • Belief about desire
    • Beliefs about the weather
    • Dead titmouse
  • Does the titmouse bring misfortune?
  • What to do?
  • All folk signs about the tit
  • The main signs associated with a tit
  • Why see a bird in the workroom
  • Other signs about the bird
  • Dangerous signs
  • How to neutralize a bad omen
  • Great tit
  • Spread
  • Reproduction
  • Food
  • Classification
  • Genetics
  • Photo gallery
  • Literature
  • Links

The titmouse is the closest relative of the well-known sparrow to all of us, it is very similar to it in appearance and habits, from a distance they can even be confused, but only from a distance, look at the photo, however, the titmouse children are a very beautiful bird. A bright yellow abdomen with a black "tie", a black and blue cap on the head, a black scarf on the neck, white cheeks, a yellow-green back, gray and blue wings and tail. You ask, where is the blue color of the bird in this description, for which the bird was nicknamed the titmouse.

The name of this bird - titmouse came not from plumage, but from sonorous singing, it is like ringing a bell in the titmouse, zin-hsin-chi-chi. And yet among the tits there are those who wear a blue cap and yellow and blue plumage, this is the blue tit. Her photo is at the bottom of this page.

It is slightly smaller than the common tit, but the beauty of the plumage is not inferior to parrots, and why we compare the tit with a sparrow, the fact is that they are from the same family of passerines, and also jump on the ground when feeding, like sparrows.

At the same time, the plumage of the female titmouse is dimmer than that of the male and it is easy to confuse them from afar.

But to fly like a tit would be worth learning to all birds, like an albatross when flying, it rarely flaps its wings, saving strength, which a sparrow cannot do at all. And the titmouse, like the sparrow, eats furry caterpillars, which other birds do not eat. Gardeners consider tits to be the best protectors of gardens.

One pair of tits living in the garden can protect up to 40 fruit trees and no harmful chemicals are needed in the garden. In a day, a titmouse is able to clear the garden of 360 caterpillars, that is how many times it returns to the nest with chicks, eats the tit with pleasure slugs and various bugs, as well as their larvae.

To make the tit birds settle in the garden, hang titmouses in the garden. A titmouse is a round house, like a tree trunk, like a birdhouse, only the entrance hole is smaller.

However, the shape of the house for tits can be any, as long as the birds like it. Titmouses in the forest live in hollows made in the trunks by woodpeckers, they themselves do not know how to make them, just remember children, titmouses need to be cleaned of old nests every year, they do not settle in houses with old nests.

Tit, wintering bird or migratory

Tit and sparrow in winter at the feeder

The titmouse is a sedentary bird, not migratory, living in the forest, at the end of autumn they move closer to people, to gardens and parks, where it is warmer and food can be found; by the way, the sparrow also does. In Russia, there is even such a sign, the tits flew in, wait for the onset of cold weather, and the day on which the tits flew into the city was called Sinichkin's day, before it was even celebrated on November 12.

Therefore, children in winter titmouses must be fed. How to feed the titmouses?

Cinemas can be fed:

  • sunflower seeds;
  • Pork Salom - the cinema with pleasure to be peaked;
  • boiled rice, buckwheat or cereal barley;
  • Potato.

You can feed and bread, only with white bread and buns feed it is impossible, because of yeast contained with an excess in white bread, they can die.

And the children of the tits are distinguished by the gullibility, do they really have to take their feed from the palms? Of course you can, just need to be patient.

At the same time, the pan, taking your feed from you, can attribute it to his friend, female or male, or your adult children, which no more bird does.

Surprisingly the bird's bird eats feed very neatly, nor when, not swallowed by him, as for example, the bird Sliber, the tit, taking the seed, presses his paw to the branch, pierces the beak and turns the flesh, carefully pushing the pieces from the kernel.

If you are lucky and the tit of sat down on your hand, make a desire if Pichuga will latch - everything that you fucked will come true - this is a folk sign.

Can the children be considered a bird singer bird

This is a pan of Lasselka, she carries a blue hat.

You can, she sings wonderful. Specialists in the siny song allocate up to 40 different options for melodies. At the same time, the same pan can simultaneously alternate several options for their songs - knees, various on the timbre and rhythm, height of sounds and the number of syllables in the song. The Sinitsy Sinitsa sings better than a female, almost all year, except in the cold, when birds are not up to songs.

Personally, one very touching story is connected with singing a cinema. There was a cinema in our gutter, under the roof of the earliest spring. As it was beautiful, she sang, words do not pass, waking up early in the morning, I ran outside to listen to her trills, and I should notice that I had already heard the sichnik's song and even late to work. Only one beautiful morning she disappeared, and on the asphalt in the yard the wind drove blue-yellow feathers.

The culprit seems to be my cat. And now for many years now, I do not manage to get a cinex in the garden that I just do not do, Sichikino family by side bypass my garden. The most interesting thing is that as a child, my father told me about the same story, only he was much younger than today, and I was still not in the project at that time.

Here you are my advice to you - look at the photo of the birds of the tit and remember the good description of her description. Take care of the cinexes, they will pay you for it to measure our capabilities, protect the garden, and will delight you with beautiful songs, and will give hope for the fulfillment of desires.

What else to read on the topic:

Tit: interesting facts, photos and a short description

Title: Interesting Facts, photos and a brief description for drawing up a report or presentation for children 2-3-4 classes.

Titure: Habitat Territory

The tit is a common bird and is participated everywhere. It dwells in the forests of parks, gardens, as well as on open spaces. You can have it in Europe, Africa, as well as in Asia.

Tits: appearance

Tit is a very small bird. Its dimensions are comparable to the dimensions of the sparrow. Body lengths Sinitis stores on average from 14 to 16 centimeters. Weighs the bird, as a rule, not more than 21gram.

The scope of the siny wings ranges from 20 to 25 centimeters. Color feathers are very beautiful. The abdomen has a yellow color, the back of the olive shade, and the cheeks are white. Wings at gray sint. The males own a brighter outfit than females.

Tit photo

Tit: Reproduction and lifespan

The mating season for tits begins in early spring. At this time, pairs are formed. The female equips the nest in the hollow of a tree. It is usually located up to 5 meters above the ground. The offspring are hatched twice a year.

The first time eggs are laid in late April or early May, and the second in June. The number of eggs is 12 or less. Incubation lasts about two weeks. After that, chicks are born.

The first days the offspring are absolutely defenseless and do not leave their parents, but after 7 days the titmouse cubs fly confidently. This suggests that the chicks have become independent and are ready to be gradually separated from their parents. But the mother and father are in a hurry to get rid of the children and allow the chicks to stay with them a little longer.

In their natural environment, tits live no more than 15 years.

Tit: Behavior and Nutrition

Tits are food lovers. They feed mainly on insects, as well as food of plant origin: berries and seeds. This bird never sits still.

The tit spends all the time in search of food. First of all, these are curious and brave birds. They are not afraid to explore new places and take risks. The tit is full of energy and often sings beautiful songs.

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What does the titmouse eat in summer and winter?

The tit-bird is known and loved by many. She is a famous character in folk tales, fables and stories about nature. Titmouse can be found in various forests - deciduous and coniferous, in open areas, forest edges, along the banks of large and small reservoirs, in parks.

Most of the tits remain at home in winter. Unless, if a winter is too harsh, they fly a little further south. In Russia, the most common great tit (or highway). It is the largest and most numerous.

Read about what the titmouse eats in summer and winter, what its habitat and appearance are, read in this article.


This bird can be recognized by its striking white cheeks. The head and neck (tie) are painted black. The abdomen is yellow, and the top is bluish-black or olive with slight variations in many subspecies.

On the back of the head, you can see a white spot with a yellowish tinge. The wings and tail are blue. The bird itself resembles a brightly colored sparrow in appearance (it is not for nothing that it is ranked among the numerous order of passerines).

Blue-yellow with black color is far visible in the forest, especially in winter.

The tit has strong legs and tenacious claws that allow it to hang upside down in search of food in the trees. This is a very mobile and fidgety bird. Body weight - up to 20 grams, length - 15 cm, wingspan - up to 25 cm. The name "titmouse" is supposed to come from the fact that some of the bird's feathers are blue.

Tits nest mainly in tree hollows and in hollows of the trunk, in a variety of niches - of a natural nature or made by human hands. Tits live in forests, gardens, groves. In winter they roam in flocks in search of food, happily settling closer to humans, when the cold winter makes them look for food everywhere. What does the titmouse eat in natural conditions? What are her gastronomic preferences? What does this bird like to eat the most?

The diet

The titmouse mainly eats insects in summer. Most of them belong to unconditional pests of trees - wild and fruit.

With their cone-shaped beak, slightly flattened from the sides, tits can penetrate into various cracks in the bark of trees and shrubs, extracting larvae, pupae, and insect eggs from there. Adults also eat.

So the question of what titmice eat in summer can be answered as follows: various insects. This is the great benefit of birds to gardeners: they help destroy pests. And this little bird eats quite a lot: as much as it weighs itself.

Also, tits sometimes pull seeds from the cones of conifers with their beak, they can peck at various fruits.

Tits arrange their nests in depressions and crevices of old trees, in hollows left by woodpeckers, among snags and stumps. They also do not disdain artificial "titmouse" or suitable shelters in human buildings.

The nest is twisted from small branches, dry grasses, horse hair, cocoons of spiders and insects, cobwebs. The female lays up to 15 eggs, incubating them for a couple of weeks. The male carries food for the expectant mother 2-3 times an hour.

What does the titmouse eat during incubation (and this happens twice a year, usually in April and June)? Insect larvae and pupae, worms, bugs, dragonflies, butterflies are again used. Sometimes - grass seeds or pieces of berries and fruits. After the chicks hatch, their parents feed them intensively, bringing food up to 300 times a day. They feed mainly on insects for 20 days.

What does the titmouse eat in winter

All types of tits are great friends of man. They deserve to be cared for and treated well. Especially in winter, when in order to survive and keep warm in the cold, you need to eat a lot. This is probably why small flocks of tits wander in the forest all winter, accompanying woodpeckers.

With their claws, tits attach to any branch, and, swinging upside down, carefully examine cracks and cracks in the bark of trees, depressions and other hidden shelters in the hope of feasting on. If you're lucky, the numb insects are removed from there. Such useful activity destroys pests in winter, when many insectivores fly to the south, to the warmth.

Also, the benefit of tits is that they extract insects from shelters that are inaccessible to larger birds (for example, woodpeckers).

What does the titmouse eat in winter? Some species tend to store food in reserve, hiding food in various cracks in the bark, in cracks, hollows. We can say that in winter the diet of the bird is wider. For example, it eats hibernating bats.

From the hands of a man

What do titmice eat in winter? How to feed these friendly and helpful birds? First, it is necessary to make feeders for birds living in gardens and parks. Tits with pleasure and often visit them, feed on sunflower seeds, bacon (necessarily unsalted), bread crumbs, milk cream. Sometimes nimble birds look between the window panes into the window, where in winter some people store food - lard, butter, cottage cheese - and peck them with pleasure.

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Finding out where the tits winter

These birds are inhabitants of forests and meadows. They also settle along the banks of rivers. City representatives take a fancy to parks and groves. In rural areas, they can build a nest both in the garden and in the wall of a house or other building. They can settle on any tree. And in the forests they live in both deciduous and coniferous.

Tit in flight

With the onset of cold weather, tits try to settle closer to humans. So it is easier for them to get food for themselves. And they eat quite often and a lot.

Tit bathes

Tits can live both in abandoned hollows, and in a house specially made by man for them. They can also build a nest for themselves. During construction, almost everything that falls into their beak is used. It can be blades of grass, wool, and cobwebs.

Tits are actually very small: their weight is only 15-23 grams. In order not to freeze in winter, they must constantly find and eat berries and seeds, and if they are lucky, then peck out from under the bark of insects that have climbed there for the winter. They devote almost all their time to finding food. This is one of the most widespread birds in Europe, living wherever trees or shrubs grow - in gardens, forests, parks and even on not too noisy city streets.

Ornithologists count more than sixty species of tits, which differ from each other in size, color of plumage and lifestyle. In our country, the most common are great tit, powder, muskrat and marsh tit. These birds can be found almost everywhere, from Krasnodar and Crimea to the Far East and the polar regions.

In the southern regions, they lead a predominantly sedentary lifestyle, while the northern tits, with the onset of cold weather, prefer to migrate to warmer and more favorable regions.

Feeding offspring

Twice a year, in spring and early summer, the tits take care of the procreation. While the female incubates the first clutch, the future father of the chicks diligently carries food to her nest. Then, when she hatches the next brood, he will feed both the first and the female. By the fall, the whole family will be packed into one flock.

Baby tit

What do titmice eat at different times of the year?

Summer is a fertile time and it is much easier for tits to feed themselves. In addition, they eat almost everything. They catch insects, caterpillars. Moreover, they can get much more parasites from the bark than other insectivorous birds. Therefore, they can be called forest orderlies who work wonderfully well.

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They also eat berries, peck seeds from sunflowers. They can feed on seeds of weeds, birch, spruce and other trees. They will gut the lump to crack the nuts. Tits and a small animal can eat. In cold winters, tits can eat carrion.

Tit eats carrion in winter

But, here comes winter. It is more and more difficult for titmice to feed themselves. Most of them do not stock up for future use. The titmouse can hide what is brought into the nest and is not eaten in a day. But, for a longer period, they are not stored. Although, not all species are so reckless. Many of them successfully find and destroy other people's supplies.

Tits will peck at the frozen berries left on the branches in the winter, pick up what they find in the snow. They will also get frozen insects from the bark of trees and will certainly eat them. For the most part, they will try to get closer to people, since there they will find more food. And many will specially build feeders for them, in which they will put a treat for the bird.

What and how can you feed tits?

The digestive system of birds is not adapted to what humans eat. Therefore, when feeding them, you need to know what you can put in the trough and what you can't. Do not leave them there products that have begun to deteriorate. This can be very harmful to the birds. Smoked, fried and salty foods are very harmful for them. If fed with bread crumbs, then - only from white bread. Black can be deadly for them.

It is best to give them what they eat in their natural environment: sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, watermelons. You can, if any, frozen berries, nuts. Some of the "human" foods can still be kept for the birds. The main thing is that they are fresh. If fed with lard, then - not salted. Don't give them millet.

Tit eats bacon

Building a bird feeder isn't difficult. You can use anything for it. It is not necessary to arm yourself with a hacksaw for this. You can simply make a "bird's canteen" out of any packaging from juice or other products. Cut plastic bottles will work as well. Of course, if there is a desire and time, it is best to make the feeder more spacious and comfortable out of wood.

We offer you to familiarize yourself with: How a turtle winters in nature

Once having found food for themselves, the tits will fly to this place again. And, if you regularly feed them, then they will arrive constantly. Tits are very curious and daring creatures. Therefore, they can fly into the open window. And if they also find something to feast on there, they will definitely take it away. And, although the tits get used to the places where you can eat and to the people who feed them, not everyone dares to sit on their hands.

Some more interesting things about titmice

Tits are very beneficial for nature. After all, they are capable of destroying a fairly large number of parasites. For the winter, they do not fly away to warmer regions. However, at very low temperatures, they can still look for a warmer area, but they will not fly far from their usual environment. Sometimes, those tits that live in the forests may flock with other birds in winter.

Their name was not at all due to the presence of bluish shades in their color, as some think. They were called titmice, thanks to their songs. And they love to sing, especially the males. The repertoire of these singers contains many different sounds.

Tits on a sunflower

In the fall and at the beginning of the winter period, titmouses behave a little quieter. But, as soon as they begin to approach the end of the cold and spring is approaching, titmouse trills begin to sound more often and louder. These birds have their own tunes for each season.

When spring is just around the corner, males start calling on females to build nests. And, they call them songs. By this time, the male has already chosen a place for construction. But the female will deal with the nest itself. This is purely her task - home improvement.

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Perhaps we will tell you about the most winter birds - the titmouse.

Despite the fact that you can meet a tit almost everywhere, I bet that many facts from the life of these birds are unknown to you. Who is too lazy to read, at the end of the video.

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Titmouse (lat.Paridae) is a family of songbirds with a sharp short beak and a contrasting color of the head, sometimes with a crest, found in the northern hemisphere and Africa. Ten species inhabit the territory of the CIS countries:

- great tit (Parus major),

- Eastern tit (Parus minor),

- crested tit (Lophophanes cristatus),

- blue tit (Cyanistes caeruleus),

- blue tit (Cyanistes cyanus),

- Muscovy (Periparus ater),

- brown-headed tit (Poecile montana),

- black-headed tit (Poecile palustris),

- gray-headed tit (Poecile cinctus)

- yew tit (Poecile varius).

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- The titmouse is very voracious - it eats during the day almost continuously, and even if it is not hungry: it still hunts in order to hide its prey, and then, when it gets hungry, to eat it. She puts her stocks in a secluded place - a hollow, a crevice.

- Extensive range of the feeding area. It even feeds on insects such as silkworm and hawthorn caterpillars, while most birds do not eat these insects.

- So, the first information about the tit is found in the first legislative act on the protection of birds, where, in addition to it, starlings are also included in the list of useful inhabitants of the sky. The law dates back to the 13th century, where in 1328, by order of Louis of Bavaria, "a large fine for anyone who dares to kill a titmouse - the most zealous insect exterminator" was instituted.

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- In total, there are many different types of tits, but the ones familiar to Russians are the so-called “big tits”. Mostly they live in Russia. In addition to the well-known yellow-breasted titmouse, other types of tits are also known: blue tit, muscovy, titmouse, crested tit, crested tit.

- Tits are easy to tame and are distinguished by gullibility. With patience, you can feed even quite "wild" tits in a forest or park from the palm of your hand.

- According to an old Russian belief, winter birds arrive by November 12 - tits, waxwings, goldfinches, jays. In summer, these birds keep in the forest, and with the first cold weather they move closer to humans. There is such a sign: if there are a lot of tits near the houses, wait for the onset of cold weather.

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- Most of the tits are hollow nests. In summer, birds feed on insects and plant seeds, thereby fulfilling their important mission of protecting garden plants from a variety of bugs.

- The name "titmouse" did not come from the blue plumage of these birds. Of our tits, blue feathers are found only in the blue tit, and then only on the top of the head. And the titmouse got their name for the sonorous songs reminiscent of the ringing of a bell: "Zin-zin!"

- Of all the tits, only the tit is capable of plucking out a hollow for itself in a rotten, upright tree trunk. Other species of tits take advantage of abandoned woodpecker hollows.

Brown-headed tit (Source -
Brown-headed tit (Source -

- Forest birds, including tits, cannot be fed black bread. Birds often leave some of their food in the crop, where the bread swells and ferments quickly; it might even kill the bird. Rye bread is especially dangerous, because more yeast is added to it than to wheat.

- The great tit has many different names. For its size, it is called a highway, for a sonorous song - a zinziver, and for the ability to deftly jump along tree branches - a grasshopper.

- The great tit is a bird from the titmouse family. This is a rather bright and beautiful bird - it has a black cap on its head, snow-white cheeks, a bright yellow tummy, and a greenish-brown back. The tail and wings are bluish. There are clearly visible black stripes around the head and on the breast. Males are usually brighter than females. In size, this bird is almost the same as the well-known sparrow. Its length is from 13 to 17 cm, and its wingspan is up to 26 cm.

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- The breeding season for great tits usually lasts from January-February to September. At the end of winter, the male chooses a nesting site and begins to sing songs, inviting the female to build a nest. The nest is most often arranged in a hollow of a tree, but it can be in any other niche - on a rock, in the wall of a house, or somewhere else. Only the female arranges the nest, choosing for it thin twigs, last year's blades of grass, moss, cobwebs and other materials. Then the female lays 5 to 12 eggs in the nest and incubates them for about two weeks. All this time, the male feeds the female. And when the chicks hatch, both parents get food for them. After two - three weeks, the chicks fly out of the nest, but then they keep close to their parents for some time, and they feed them. As a rule, titmice hatch chicks twice in one year.

- The great tit does not store for the winter, but easily finds supplies made by other birds and animals.

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- The great tit was described by the famous Swedish scientist Karl Linnaeus in 1758, he gave the titmouse a Latin name, which is translated as - great tit.

- The flight of a tit is a vivid example of how to save energy while in the air. These nimble birds fly very fast, and at the same time they rarely flap their wings. It is convenient to observe it in slow motion, but even with the naked eye, you can notice the peculiarities of the flight of tits: these little birds seem to dive down, after which, quickly swinging a couple of times, they again soar to the sky, constantly describing gentle parabolas in the air. And after all, with such an uncontrollable flight, they manage to deftly maneuver in the dense undergrowth!

- Ornithologists say that it is the flight of a tit, not a haastle, crane, a stork or crows, is a vivid example of economical consumption of strength and energy. That is why the bird birds fly at a huge speed, but at the same time quite rarely cheated with wings.

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- The sinits of different types of winter are combined into flocks with woodwood and food and such groups roam in the forest in search of food. If you are lucky enough to be on the way of such a Pierce of packs, you will hear an unforgettable bouquet of the chime of the Cineps, a quiet urge of the Food, a dead perestrek, and far-flying governments.

- The tit, taking the seed (for example, sunflower) is not trying to clean it. Instead, pressing the seed with a paw to the branch, the bird deftly pierces her beak andocks the flesh. Moreover, even if there is already split in half the seed in the foot, it will still stubbornly pinch the pieces of meakty, instead of swallowing everything entirely.

- Being alarmed, big tit begins to fuss and spend loudly. Approximately the same sounds publish homemade wavy parrots, if you scare them

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- Science found that they have a phenomenal memory. They actually remember the place where they managed to find food. Tits explore all the places that can be a source of food. This makes them very comfortable assistants in the destruction of not only insects, but also harmful weed plants.

- There is a little weakness at the siny - they need a year-round fresh water. Of course, this does not mean that the birds will not drink from the puddle. However, first birds will look for a source of good water, and in case of its absence, the titles can leave your yard.

- Ornithologists of the University of Oxford after the experiments and observations have stated the facts about the sites - the pair of Sinitz is ready to sacrifice even food so that they do not even separate with each other even for short-term deadlines. This is such a "swan" loyalty is present in such little birds-cinegles.

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- Sexual dimorphism in the blue is expressed weakly. The female, as a rule, a little lighter males, but in general their color coincides. An interesting feature: the longitudinal black strip on the tummy of birds in males is expanding to the tail, and in females, on the contrary, it becomes thinner. A little distinguished by plumage and young, in its color schemes are dominated by olive-brown colors.

- Usually friendly and friendly sinits during the nesting and surgery of eggs become rather aggressive and drive out strangers from their territory

- In the nature of the siny live 1-3 years.

Source - https://zoolog.Guru/Pticy/volnye-pticy/vidy-nazvaniya-i-osobennosti-nastoyaschih-sinic-nastoyaschih-rossii.html?label_41cc0e4945e162021cfdd993f4c1104d=1
Source - https://zoolog.Guru/Pticy/volnye-pticy/vidy-nazvaniya-i-osobennosti-nastoyaschih-sinic-nastoyaschih-rossii.html?label_41cc0e4945e162021cfdd993f4c1104d=1

- The cinemas constantly check different items on edible, grabbing them with a beak and feeling the surface with the tongue.

- The plasticity of this tit in the choice of a reproduction site can be such an example - in the 1980s, experts registered the fact of the nest device in the trunk of the gun standing in the courtyard of the Artillery Museum in the center of St. Petersburg

- The studies have designers, which are notable types of Cains in fact that the Male Mouse (Male's Mouse), as if they are about permanent, the one's way is to have a shock. Having killed by a sense, a sinitis, I put out the ei mow.

Source - my post on
Source - my post on

- Birds quickly get used to the cage, do not require special care. You should be aware that tits can destroy the wooden parts of the cages and the aviary, crushing them. Another feature of them is the ability to find the slightest gap in the cage and get out through it. Therefore, the twigs in the cage should be placed more frequently than for other birds of the same size.

- In summer, the average titmouse eats 300-400 caterpillars per day, that is, it eats as much food per day as it weighs itself.

- Only during the mating season will the flock split into pairs and clearly divide the feeding area, equal to about 50 meters.

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- are known in Britain for their ability to open foil-covered milk bottles left by milk jugs near the doors of houses and eat the cream that floats there.

- Titmouse Muscovy, no matter how paradoxical it may sound, has not the slightest relation to the Mother See. These birds of the Moscow region, the description and photos of which are presented below, do not owe their name to the settlement at all. In the titmouse of this species, on the upper part of the head and under the beak, the plumage has a rich black color, forming a kind of mask. "Maskovka" - this is how these birds were originally called, later the name was transformed.

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In this article, we will take a closer look at the tit bird.


  • Bird tit: species, names, photographs of great tit, long-tailed, crested, muscovy, powder
  • Tit: a bird of prey, a migratory bird or not?
  • Characteristics, behavior of tits: a description for children
  • Where do titmice spend the night in the city in winter, where do they fly in summer?
  • Where does the titmouse nest?
  • What does a titmouse eat in summer and winter in the wild?
  • How to feed tits in winter?
  • Is it possible and how to feed tits with lard, fried and raw seeds, millet?
  • How long does a titmouse live: life expectancy in the wild and in a cage
  • Does the titmouse benefit a person?
  • Interesting Titmouse Facts: Examples
  • Video: 14 facts about tits

There are so many animals and birds in our world. Many people are not even aware of the existence of most of them, but how much do we know about those birds that live side by side with us?

Today we will talk about such familiar and well-known birds as tits and understand what types of these birds exist.

Bird tit: species, names, photos of great tit, long-tailed, crested, muscovy, powder

Tit, perhaps, is familiar to each of us, because this bird more often than many others comes into view. Fragile little frisky birds jumping from twig to twig - this is how most people imagine the titmouse. However, few people think that there are a huge number of species of these birds and, seeing around us many other beautiful birds, we do not even suspect that they are also titmouses.

  • The tit family, in general, boasts about 65 species of small birds, the mass of which usually does not exceed 25 g, and the body length is most often 150 mm.
  • This bird lives not only in our latitudes, it is also common in almost all corners of our world.
  • Of the most common types of tits, the following are distinguished: big tit, hanging tit, mustachioed tit, crested tit, blue tit, muscovy, powdery tit, apolonovka

Now let's talk in more detail about each of the above types of this family.

  • We will start, perhaps, with big tits, she's a highway or a grasshopper. This type of titmouse is very beautiful. The back of this bird is light green with yellow tints, the tummy is yellow. The distinctive black bird has a black stripe that runs along the abdomen and chest. The upper part of the head, the lateral parts of the neck, and the neck of this titmouse are painted black, which gives off a bluish sheen in the sun. The sides of the titmouse's head are white. The wings of the highway are gray, sometimes with a blue tint, and the tail is black.
Great tit
Great tit
  • Hanging tit. The hanging titmouse is the smallest representative of the titmouse family, because the length of its wing reaches only 45-55 mm.
  • Unfortunately, this titmouse cannot boast of its color. The body of the bird is painted in a yellowish-gray color, giving off greenish in places; in general, this color looks very inconspicuous and inconspicuous.
  • Most often, this bird can be seen in Southwest or South Africa.
  • Whiskered tit. Very often, baleen titmouses can be found under the name of a beard or a bearded tit, and all because the adult male of this species has a white neck and a black "beard". The plumage of these birds has a very beautiful light brown color, in places with a yellowish tint. The head of the mustachioed tit is painted gray with a blue tint. A distinctive feature of the tail color of these birds (males) is that the tail feathers below are white.
  • The female tit has no “beard”; its head is colored warm brown-beige. The tail feathers below are not white, but beige, milky. Young immature baleen tits have a color that is close to warm beige and yellow in color.
Baleen tit
Baleen tit
  • Tit crested. The crested tit or, as it is also called the grenadier, is a beautiful and interesting bird. A distinctive feature is its crest, which is impossible not to notice even from a distance. It is not difficult to guess that this bird got its name precisely because of the presence of this tuft. The entire back of the grenadier is painted in a grayish, brownish color. The crest is colored with small black and white spots, the throat and sides of the neck have black spots. The tummy of the crested tit is white with a yellow tint.
Crested tit
Crested tit
  • Blue tit. So we come to the description of the most beautiful bird of the tit family. The blue tit has a very unusual bright color, which clearly distinguishes it from other birds. The blue tit is a small bird with bright blue and yellow plumage. The beak and tail of the tit are relatively small, the blue tit itself reaches a length of 10-12 cm. The dorsal part of the tit is greenish, but the shade may differ depending on the bird's habitat. The belly of the bird is light green with a yellow tint. On the head of the blue tit has a "cap" of azure color, on both sides of the beak there are 2 blue stripes, there is also a blue stripe around the neck. The bird's wings and tail are also bluish-blue in color.
Blue tit
Blue tit
  • Moskovka. This bird can be found under the name black tit, small tit. This bird resembles a highway in its color, however, it is significantly inferior in size. The “cap” on the head of the Muscovy is black, the “cheeks” have white spots, the back of the bird is gray with a bluish tint, and the belly and chest are light gray with a light red tint. The tail and wings are painted dirty black.
  • Powder ... The powder is also called the tit and the marsh tit. This bird does not have a bright attractive color. The nape and head of this tit are painted black. The back and the entire upper part of the body is distinguished by a light gray color, the abdomen also has a nondescript color in a dirty white color. The wings and tail are most often colored dark brown.
  • Appolonovka. The long-tailed tit, as it is also called the Apolonovka, is the smallest bird of all the tits that live in our area. Despite being the smallest titmouse, it boasts a very long and beautiful tail. The head and tummy of the long-tailed titmouse are white, the sides of the bird have a barely noticeable pink tint, the wings are most often dark brown or black, the stepped tail is brown-black in color.

Tit: a bird of prey, a migratory bird or not?

First, let's talk about whether the titmouse is a migratory bird. In order to understand this issue, you need to understand why some birds fly away at a certain period of time, while others stay at home.

  • The first reason birds fly away to other habitats is the lack of food. For example, most birds that fly away eat insects and other various food of animal origin. As you understand in winter, it is extremely difficult to find such food, if possible, and in order to survive in the cold, birds need a lot of food.
  • The second reason is cold. Here the animal is completely powerless, because it is naturally not able to change the weather

As for the tits, most of them are nomadic birds, because with the onset of cold weather they move from the forests closer to humans. In winter, there is very little food in the forest, so the birds move to people in the hope of finding something edible and thus providing themselves with a "well-fed" winter. Tits are not migratory birds, as they are not particularly sensitive to cold.

Tits are nomadic birds

Now let's talk about the nutrition of these birds:

  • Generally speaking, birds of prey are called those that hunt in flight and have such a body structure that contributes to this, for example, a sharp beak, large claws. It is clear that our little titmouses do not fit such a description.
  • It is more appropriate to attribute titmice to insectivorous birds, since they most often feed on various larvae, forest pests, beetles, spiders, butterflies, and dragonflies. In winter, he uses more plant foods, since it is very difficult to find insects at this time.
  • It would seem that everything is unambiguous, the titmouse is an exclusively insectivorous bird, but there is one "but". Scientists have proven that some species of tits sometimes hunt small bats (small bats), as a rule, they hunt them at a time when the mice have not yet fully awakened from hibernation. After killing its victim, for example a big tit, pecks out its brain

Characteristics, behavior of tits: a description for children

Titmouses most often appear before us as active, fast, restless birds, and that is how they really are.

  • The titmouse is a very quiet bird that is being suspended and always behaves neatly and silently. Despite this, she is very dexterous in her movements: she can very quickly and imperceptibly inspect the branches of trees and flowers, in which she is looking for bugs for food.
  • The long-tailed tit is very sociable and rarely is very afraid of people, so very often you can find such a bird living in someone's house. Appolonovka differs from many other birds in that she can sing very beautifully. That is why poultry farmers who want to teach other birds to sing take a long-tailed titmouse for them as a teacher.
  • Blue tit are frisky active birds that like to jump from branch to branch, while hanging from time to time from branch upside down. This titmouse is not very afraid of people, so it can often be seen next to residential buildings. By its nature, the blue tit does not fly very well, but it moves very quickly with the help of its legs. Also, this bird can be called curious, as it likes to "stick its nose" into any crack and hole in the tree.
  • The Great Tit is a very fast mobile bird. Likes to jump on branches, hanging upside down on them. The great tit flies well, however, in order to fly, it makes frequent flapping of its wings. Most often, such a bird can be seen in a flock with other titmouses.
  • Moskovka is a restless bird that will never sit in one place for a long time. The titmouse flies quickly and well, while searching for food it is also hung upside down by twigs.
  • The crested tit can also boast of its activity and restlessness. Most often it can be seen in the crown of trees, where the bird hides from prying eyes.

As you can see, all titmouses are very mobile and active birds, which rarely just sit on tree branches.

Where do titmice spend the night in the city, where do they fly in summer?

You have probably noticed that most often the titmouse can be seen in winter and late autumn, when the first snow and frost appear on the street. However, where do these little birds live in summer?

  • Tits are inhabitants of the forest and various forest belts. In favorable times, that is, in summer and spring, they are there, because they simply do not need to fly closer to people. In the forest, they feel very protected, and they have much more food there than in other places.
  • With the onset of winter and cold weather, the picture completely changes. There are fewer insects in the forests, and over time they disappear altogether. It is here that titmouses wander closer to people and their homes, because they know that here they have more chances to find food and spend the winter.
Wintering of tits
Wintering of tits
  • Tits spend the night in winter in those places where they will be warm and least windy. Various hollows, cracks in buildings, birdhouses are well suited for spending the night for these birds; you can also see titmouses under the roofs of houses. Most often, birds spend the night in flocks, closely huddled together, because it is much warmer for them this way.

Where does the titmouse nest?

As mentioned earlier, the titmouse mainly lives in forests and forest belts, because it is in such an area that it can feel safe and easily find food for itself in a favorable period of time.

There is another reason why a titmouse lives for a certain period of time in the forest - the need to reproduce.

  • Titmouses nest in early spring, at this time it is still quite cold and chilly, so their nests should be as warm and comfortable as possible for future chicks. These birds can also nest in the middle of summer.
  • These birds most often arrange nests in tree hollows, much less often you can see a tit nest directly between tree branches, in any shelters, crevices, holes in buildings at a height of 3-6 m.
  • As a rule, nests are made of wool and all kinds of feathers, twigs, fluff and moss are also used, and if you are lucky to find, then cotton wool.

What does a titmouse eat in summer and winter in the wild?

Tits are insectivorous birds and feed on the following insects:

  • Invertebrates, their larvae
  • Caterpillars of different butterflies, dragonflies
  • Spiders, beetles, including weevils
  • Midges, flies, mosquitoes
  • Do not mind titmouse feast on aphids
  • Ants and bees can also make up a bird's diet.
  • Ticks
  • Sometimes a titmouse can eat cockroaches, grasshoppers

Such a diet for the titmouse is mainly in the summer. In the spring, some species of tits can hunt dwarf bats that have not woken up from hibernation.

What do titmouses eat?
What do titmouses eat?

Starting in autumn and including winter, the birds begin to feed mainly on the following food:

  • Hazel
  • Grain of corn, wheat, oats
  • Seeds of pine, linden
  • Lilac, mountain ash, blueberry, sunflower fruits
  • Sometimes they can diversify their diet with carrion

It must be said that such species of tits as blue tit and Muscovy take care of their food from autumn and stock up on the necessary products - seeds, grains. Other types of tits most often feed on other people's reserves, which are very good at finding.

How to feed tits in winter?

Since titmouses fly to our homes and gardens in winter, we very often ask ourselves the question: "What should we feed these little frisky birds with?" Now we will tell you about food that can and should be given to tits. Why is it necessary? Because in the cold season it is very difficult for these birds to provide themselves with the required amount of food, and we humans can easily help them with this, thereby increasing their chances of successfully overwintering.

So, you can feed the tits:

  • Groats, for example, millet, buckwheat. These cereals should be given raw, because porridge made from cereals will freeze in the cold and turn into ice lumps. However, it should be said that opinions differed regarding millet. Some people think that millet is an excellent form of feeding for poultry, while others are categorically against such food for birds, because millet swells very much in the stomach.
  • Meat products. Boiled low-fat unsalted meat and unsalted bacon will definitely delight titmice, especially in winter, when they need nutritious food. Despite the fact that many recommend giving sausage to titmice, we recommend refraining from this undertaking.
  • Nuts. These can be well-known walnuts, which are very nutritious and healthy. You can also eat birds and other nuts.
Feeding tits in winter
Feeding tits in winter
  • Sunflower seeds and pumpkin seeds.
  • Bread crumbs.
  • Apples, watermelon seeds, which are harvested in advance by washing and drying.
  • Rowan berries, which are also good for feeding tits.

Is it possible and how to feed tits with lard, fried and raw seeds, millet?

If we talk about feeding these birds with people, then seeds, millet and lard are the main products of their food. However, this does not mean that you just need to sketch these products out the window and be happy for your good deed and for the tits that they have something to eat. If you want to do a good deed, do it right.

  • In no case should you give salted lard to tits, because this can lead to problems with the gastrointestinal tract and even lead to death. Moreover, think logically, in nature there are no salty food for tits, that is, their body is not adapted to eating and digesting such food. Fresh lard is great for eating tits.
  • Millet also needs to be given to titmouses in the winter season, but it should be given raw.
  • The seeds will definitely delight the birds, but you cannot fry them, everything is the same here as with salted lard, so buy fresh seeds and be happy
Tits eat bacon
Tits eat bacon

And now we present to your attention an excellent food mixture for feeding tits:

  • In equal proportions, mix sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, watermelon seeds, add a few peeled walnuts, bread crumbs, if available, you can add rowan berries

How long does a titmouse live: life expectancy in the wild and in a cage

Titmouses are very sociable birds, very often they live very close to our houses, which is why such a bird can often be seen at someone's house, as a pet.

Despite the fact that the titmouse almost always perfectly adapts to the new living conditions in the house, this bird, in principle, is not suitable for keeping the house - as nature has it. It would seem, on the basis of what has been said, a tit in the wild lives a much longer life than a tit in captivity, but no, everything is completely different.

  • In nature, that is, in the forest, a titmouse can live a very short life. The bird lives approximately from 1.5 to 3 years. 1 case was registered when a titmouse lived for about 10 years
  • While at home, in warmth and care, a titmouse can live for about 15 years.

Does the titmouse benefit a person?

Many people do not attach much importance to these birds, because all their work is not particularly visible to us, humans, with the naked eye. Despite this, the benefits of tits are colossal, because these small nimble birds are real fighters against pests and their larvae.

  • Just imagine, this nondescript bird can fly out of the nest about 300 times in 1 day in order to find food for itself and its chicks
  • A gray flycatcher can fly out of its nest 500 times
  • During these 300-500 flights, the bird brings about 300-600 different insects to the nest.
  • Even in the cold winter, the titmouse saves trees and the future harvest, because under the bark of trees it looks for pests and eats them
Tit saves trees even in winter
Tit saves trees even in winter

"Does the titmouse benefit a person?" - this clearly brings and the benefits are very great, so people should also treat the birds with respect and, if possible, feed them.

Interesting Titmouse Facts: Examples

Despite the fact that titmouses live very close to people, we know very little, or even nothing at all about them. Therefore, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the most interesting facts about these birds.

  • Tits have long been considered incredibly useful birds for humans, therefore, even in Russia, a decree was issued, which stated that a severe punishment in the form of a fine would await a person for the extermination of tits.
  • Despite the fact that in our area only 1 species of titmouse is most common - the highway, in nature there are about 65 of their species
  • Many people think that the bird got its name because of the blue color of the plumage, but tits rarely have this color in color and this is surprising. However, in fact, the titmouse got its name because of the sounds that it makes, if you listen, you can hear "si-cin-si", hence the titmouse
Tits: interesting facts
Tits: interesting facts
  • During the feeding period, the titmouse gives them food about 35 times per hour.
  • Most tits are excellent flyers, despite the fact that they rarely flap their wings, they fly very quickly and playfully
  • Tits are very sociable birds and, if desired, lend themselves to taming
  • Almost all tits build nests already in hollowed-out holes, since they themselves do not know how to do this.

Titmouses are insanely beautiful and useful for humans and nature, birds, which is why we must make every effort so that in the winter period they feel comfortable and that they are not hungry.

Video: 14 facts about tits

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Winter is a fierce time of the year, it is cold and hungry for birds in winter. Therefore, good people try to feed crows, pigeons, sparrows, bullfinches in the cold - they build feeders. But today we want to talk about small titmouses. Where the titmouses sleep Real titmice - great chicks, chicks and muscovites - spend the night in natural shelters. These are cracks in trees and hollows, squirrel nests and snowy voids, cracks in the ground. Sometimes they even use the burrows of rodents, making their way there, gouging the snow with their beaks. But long-tailed tit mugs have weak beaks, so most often they spend the night right on the branches of trees, closely pressed against each other. Such a company looks funny: several white-pink fluffy balls stuck to a branch in a row, tightly compressed on both sides by neighbors, and from them long black tails stick out to the sides. So they warm each other, and otherwise - death. Long-tailed tits fall asleep late, and wake up earlier than other tits. These birds are small and very mobile, so they need a lot of food in order not to freeze. Where to find food in winter? And you guys can help them with this by making special feeders. Feeder mesh Titmouses are very fond of fresh unsalted bacon and white rolls. But if you put food in a regular feeder, sparrows and crows will eat it, and titmouses will remain hungry. Therefore, we make a mesh feeder. We take a net in which vegetables are sold, put a loaf moistened with sunflower oil in it, and hang the net outside the window on a carnation. Of course, you can't put seeds in the net, but you can put a piece of unsalted lard or bone fat there. Titmouses cling to the net with their claws and can peck in different positions. If the piece is large, two or three titmouses sit on the net at once. And other birds don't know how to cling like that. Feeder cup This is a very simple feeder. It consists of a strong thread and a cup. The cup is tied with a thread by the handle to a thin branch of a tree. Hemp or sunflower seeds are poured into a cup. To make it easier for titmouses to hold on to the edge of the cup, it must be wrapped with electrical tape. Such a feeder will sag all winter, and not a single sparrow will use it, because they are afraid to sit on a swinging mug. And so that sparrows, pigeons, crows and bullfinches are not offended - make for them an ordinary common feeding trough-dining room.

During the day, they are in my feeder outside the window, as soon as it gets dark, they disappear instantly. Where?

maksimenko [272K]

5 years ago

In my opinion, the most useful birds living in our territory are the tits.

These hardworking birds in summer easily find their food, flying from branch to branch, because insects are their favorite delicacy.

But now winter has come and it is necessary to winter somewhere. Their bright plumage is not visible in summer, in winter it stands out against the white snow and among the trees.

So, during severe frosts, tits have to hide under the roofs of houses. From where, however, their sonorous singing is extremely rare.

But with the onset of severe cold weather on long winter evenings, the birds in the same shelters huddle in flocks, which seem to form a fluffy ball, only the tails stick out and tightly pressed against each other, fall asleep. And the heat is preserved and saved from frost.

And you need to feed the titmouses with seeds in winter, since it is impossible to find insects.

the author of the question chose this answer as the best one

Elenia [435K]

4 years ago

A very interesting question. I love titmouses for their beautiful singing and chirping. They arrive in the park under my window in winter. The window is on the third floor and they jump from branch to branch right in front of their eyes, look into the room curiously, perhaps they are attracted by the sound of music on TV. I often glance at one of the titmouses. If they catch a glance, they fly away in fear. Titmouses are very attentive and intelligent.

They are always lively and cheerful, it is not very cold in our park.

Sinichek in this park cannot be seen all the time. I see them sometimes in the morning for a while until 10 - 11 am, then they fly away and the park "empties".

From zoology, we remember that the titmouse is a bird close to sparrows. They are even outwardly similar and belong to the same order "passerines".

They have a characteristic yellow color on the belly with a dark stripe.

The titmouse is a permanent inhabitant in one area, it does not fly away to the south. In winter, birds keep closer to humans in gardens and parks. If it gets very frosty, they flock to places where it is more comfortable and easier to find food.

The titmouse is a useful bird, it eats a large number of insects in the summer and this is beneficial. In winter, not all titmouses will well endure the cold season; many can die from frost and lack of food.

To help, people often make feeders with bread crumbs and cereals, and titmouses take such food.

The titmits also peck at the berries.

I have been observing these useful birds for more than one year, but I discovered the secret of their winter nights only this late autumn, and then - quite by accident. It turned out that they were spending the night in a small flock on my air conditioner (more precisely, its outdoor, street part). They are located as close to each other as possible, hide their noses in their feathers and sleep until the first rays of the sun. The air conditioner is located high, almost under the very peak of the roof, and on the side of it there is a wall protrusion and it turns out such a kind of niche, very well protected from through, piercing winds, which was used by smart titmouses. I try to feed them throughout the winter, and in the spring they move to the grove, which is not far from my house.

mystery girl [131K]

4 years ago

In winter, titmouses move closer to people in search of food. Yesterday I saw one in my window. During the day they look for food, and in the evening and at night they look for secluded and warmer places to sleep under the roofs of houses, dwelling there in flocks.

STELS [227K]

4 years ago

In winter, titmouses live next to humans, and use human-adapted buildings, technical structures, roofs for their existence ... They can spend the night in the hayloft, under the canopies, behind window frames, in the tall grass near the fence ...


4 years ago


Titmouses sleep at night. Therefore, during the day they can be seen in parks and near houses. With the onset of evening, they climb under the roofs of houses, sheds, garages, where it is warm. They can also spend the night on the branches of coniferous trees.

4 years ago

Bee Zhuzha

[76.9K] Titmouses are very cute, small, beautiful birds. Tits:

big, chicks and muscovites at night they climb into snowy voids, cracks in the ground, hollows, crevices of trees, as well as into squirrel nests. They can use rodent burrows for spending the night. In order to get there, they gouge the snow with their beaks. Long-tailed

tit mugs

have weak beaks, so they have to spend the night on tree branches, closely hugging each other. If they do not cling to each other, then death will inevitably await them. They wake up early, because they need to get food.

In order for them to survive the winter more easily, you need to feed them, tinker with feeders.

This is how the birds in winter, sitting on a branch and hugging each other, warm themselves.



6 years ago

4 years ago

In winter, titmouses move closer to human housing, in the hope that a person will throw waste into the street. Most birds live in landfills. It is better, of course, when a person makes feeders for the birds and does not forget to feed "our smaller brothers".

Titmouses are not afraid of frost - they have down that grows under their plumage, which retains warm air and protects birds from the cold.

4 years ago



Wintering in the city: how to help birds survive the cold - A WORTHY LIFE ON PENSION - Mirtesen media platform

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