Thrush or candidiasis in women - Disease caused by fungi genus Candida. If these microorganisms developed on the mucous membrane of the vagina and the external genital organs, then they are talking about Vaginal candidiasis . This disease strikes not only women of childbearing age, which lead an active sex life, but also young girls, and those who have achieved respects. The reason is simple: candidiasis occurs not only after contact with the patient with a sexual partner. It can be a consequence of active breeding Candid, who used to be part of a normal microflora. When candidiasis, women complain about abundant curd discharge from the vagina and itching in the field of genital organs. According to statistics, 70% of the patients of the gynecologist who come with such problems, the diagnosis of "thrush" is made. This disease is not a venereal disease. Compared with them, it is less dangerous and much easier to treat. The disease is striking women on all continents regardless of age and well-being. Moreover, incidence in hot countries is higher. Statistics argue that urban residents suffer from candidiasis. 30-40% of women were transferred to the thrush during pregnancy. During this period, the risk of getting around 2-3 times. 75% of fine sex representatives suffered candidiasis, and most repeatedly. Since this disease has an unpleasant property to return. So in 5% diagnosis - recurrent candidiasis. In this case, exacerbations arise 4 and more than a year. In recent years, the number of cases of thrush has grown steadily. This is due to the uncontrolled intake of antibiotics and decrease in the level of immunity. If you do not engage in the treatment of thrush in time, then from a little ailment, it can turn into a serious problem when the fungi is striking most of the internal organs.
Composition of normal microflora vagina and outdoor genital organs
The genitals in girls begin to settle with microorganisms after a few hours after birth. This is the moment when the microflora begins to form. From the first day of life in the vagina and on the outdoor genital organs, various types of bacteria constantly live. They are numbered more than 60. It is available to these microorganisms do not cause diseases and do not harm the body. This set varies depending on the age of a woman, the phases of the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, the availability of a permanent sexual partner. Periodically, pathogenic bacteria fall into the vagina. But if their quantity is not large, then representatives of microflora and immunity cells destroy these microorganisms. The vagina contains:
- Lact Baccisi
- Coagulatorygable Staphylococci
- Colimulate bacteria
Most microorganisms in the body of a healthy woman constitute various types of lactobacilation and bifidobacteria - up to 90%. They provide the optimal level of pH acidity to 3.8-4.5 (in adult women). If their number falls, then the vaginal medium becomes weakly alkaline and pH exceeds 6. This leads to the reproduction of pathogenic bacteria and the development of inflammatory processes. Practically in 80% of cases in microflora, there are candida. They are represented by single inactive rounded cells and do not form a thread of mycelium (pseudo-mushrooms). Normal microflora in the body of a woman performs important functions:
- Releases beneficial enzymes that provide the necessary acidity
- Promotes Vitamin Formation
- Supports local immunity tension
- Prevents the entry of foreign bacteria that can cause disease.
The vaginal microflora has a balanced composition. Moreover, some bacteria regulate the number of others. So lactic acid bacteria produce acid, which inhibits excessive multiplication of Candide. Therefore, normally, the fungi contained in the vagina do not cause thrush.
The causes of thrush
Why thrush occurs is one of the most common questions among women. After all, this problem is very common. Unpleasant sensations arise at the most inopportune moment. This fungal disease negates intimate relationships and ruins everyday life. You can get candidiasis from a sexual partner. Especially if a man has clear signs of this disease or he is a carrier of fungi. However, this reason is far from the most common. Much more often, thrush occurs as a result of a decrease in immunity and a violation of the natural balance of the microflora of the genital organs. There are many factors that trigger the development of vaginal candidiasis in women.
- Decreased body defenses as a result of chronic diseases or after infections.
- Hormonal shifts during pregnancy and before menstruation.
- Change in hormonal levels at menopause.
- Use of hormonal contraceptives .
- Long-term use of antibiotics , corticosteroids and cytotoxic drugs.
- Intestinal dysbiosis and fungi can enter the vagina.
- Climate change , which entails adaptation to new conditions, water composition.
- Use of intimate hygiene products : intimate gels, soaps, shower gels containing a lot of alkali and fragrances.
- Using panty liners ... They disrupt the access of air to the genitals, and the humidity rises.
- Deodorized tampons and pads cause allergic reactions and disrupt the condition of the mucous membrane.
- Wearing synthetic underwear that is tight and tight ... The most common culprits for thrush are thongs.
- Food rich in confectionery and carbohydrate dishes, strong coffee, carbonated drinks, yeast baked goods, spicy and fatty delicacies, ketchup and mayonnaise.
- Avitaminosis entails a decrease in the body's resistance and a deterioration in the condition of the skin and mucous membranes.
- Obesity - favorable conditions for the reproduction of fungi are created in the folds of the body.
- Metabolic disorders ... Diabetes mellitus is a prime example. It not only weakens local immunity, but also increases the amount of carbohydrates in cells, which is a good breeding ground for microorganisms.
- Smoking causes vasospasm and disrupts blood circulation, including in the genitals.
- Sexual intercourse with dry vagina and other actions that can lead to the appearance of microtraumas on the genital mucosa. Through them, Candida can penetrate deep into the tissues.
- Chronic stress , strong mental and physical stress, overwork, lack of sleep.
The action of these factors leads to the fact that the number of lactobacilli, which creates a protective microfilm, decreases. They secrete less lactic acid, and an alkaline environment forms in the vagina. Fungi and other bacteria enter the cells of the mucous membrane and thin skin of the external genital organs. There they begin to multiply actively, feeding on glycogen and destroying the host cells. If untreated, the inflammatory process gradually spreads.
What are the symptoms of thrush and what are they associated with?
- Pain during intercourse. Most often, the reproduction of Candide begins on the vaginal mucosa. They destroy the upper cells of the epithelium, gradually affecting the deeper layers. In this case, the smallest lesions are formed, resembling sores. The vaginal mucosa becomes inflamed and painful. Therefore, during intercourse, a woman experiences pain and other unpleasant sensations.
- Swelling of the genitals. The inflammation causes the vaginal walls to swell. This is due to the fact that small vessels on the surface of the mucous membrane expand. Thus, the body tries to eliminate the toxins secreted by Candida. Blood circulation increases, and the tissue of the genital organs is saturated with fluid that has left through the walls of the capillaries.
- White bloom and cheesy discharge. Gradually, the number of fungi increases and the colonies grow. They look like a whitish plaque on the genitals. An inflammatory process begins, which is accompanied by abundant vaginal discharge. They look like white curdled masses or curdled milk. These are mainly mycelium of fungi, leukocytes and damaged cells of the mucous membrane.
- Itching and burning. Candida feeds on glycogen stores in cells. When this carbohydrate is broken down, acids are formed. It is they that cause itching and burning in the vagina and irritate the skin of the genitals damaged by Candida, while the woman feels severe discomfort. These symptoms are worse after urinating or washing. Therefore, each time the skin in this area must be dried. It is advisable to use soft paper towels, so as not to further injure.
- Rash with thrush. The inflammatory process with thrush also extends to the vestibule of the vagina, large and small labia. On the skin of the genitals, the epidermis is stratified as a result of the activity of fungi, and small burgundy pimples-bubbles with liquid contents inside - vesicles are formed. After a day or two, they burst and small erosion and crusts form in their place.
- Spread to nearby skin areas. Signs of candidiasis: redness, small rash, itching, the formation of white plaque can occur in the perineum, on the skin of the intergluteal and groin folds. More often, this form of the disease occurs in women who are overweight.
- Deterioration of the general condition. Itching, constant discomfort and discomfort cause nervousness, bouts of bad mood, and sleep disturbance. The latter is due to the fact that the burning sensation intensifies at night. The unpleasant symptoms increase after long walking and during menstruation.
- Urethritis and cystitis with thrush. Frequent urination and the appearance of cuts indicate that Candida entered the urinary system and caused urethritis and cystitis. Another sign that the inflammatory process has spread to other organs is the appearance of aching pains in the lower abdomen. In this case, the temperature may rise. If you notice such symptoms, then be sure to consult a doctor and do not self-medicate.
Diagnosis of thrush
If you notice signs of thrush in yourself, contact your gynecologist. This is especially necessary if the appearance of unpleasant sensations was preceded by unprotected sexual intercourse. The fact is that the symptoms of candidiasis are in many ways similar to the manifestations of dangerous sexually transmitted infections. In addition, the mucous membrane damaged by fungi becomes vulnerable to pathogenic bacteria. Therefore, taking antifungal drugs alone is not enough. A visit to a specialist is mandatory if symptoms of thrush reappear soon after treatment. Otherwise, the disease can become chronic. In order to clarify the diagnosis, the doctor takes a smear of the contents from the vagina. Flora smear (gynecological smear, bacterioscopy) is necessary to determine the composition of microflora and the presence of pathogenic bacteria. Ideally, the analysis should contain 90% of lactobacilli. Gardnerella and Candida may be in single copies. And such microorganisms as Trichomonas should not be. In the laboratory, a sample of the vaginal contents is examined under a microscope and the number of immune cells of leukocytes and bacteria, the presence of Candide pseudomycelium is determined. In some cases, carry out sowing microflora on special nutrient media. As a result, it is possible to determine which of the 150 species of Candide caused inflammation, to which drugs these microorganisms are most sensitive. This must be done if a woman suffers from recurrent thrush. Also an informative research method is coloscopy - examination of the vagina with a special device called coloscope. The doctor applies Lugol's solution to the walls of the vagina. If, after that, small inclusions in the form of semolina are clearly visible on them, then this indicates the presence of thrush. If necessary, the doctor prescribes an additional study for sexually transmitted infections, an analysis of feces for dysbiosis, an immunogram, an analysis aimed at detecting diabetes mellitus - a glycemic profile with stress. In the event that the gynecologist believes that chronic diseases provoke thrush, then he will advise you to contact a therapist, endocrinologist or immunologist.
How to treat thrush
A gynecologist should deal with the treatment of vaginal candidiasis. Self-administration of medicines can lead to the fact that thrush becomes chronic. In this case, the fungus becomes resistant to drugs, and it becomes much more difficult to get rid of it. In this article, we will provide answers to the questions that most often arise in women in the treatment of candidiasis.
In the treatment of thrush, Tantum Rose solution is used. Thanks to its antifungal effect, it fights the cause of the disease, and in combination with other antifungal drugs it also reduces the risk of thrush recurrence by 2 times. In addition, Tantum Rose relieves itching, pain, burning and reduces discharge in candidiasis within 20 minutes, and can be used at any stage of pregnancy.
Local therapy of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the female reproductive system not only allows you to destroy pathogens, but also inevitably leads to an imbalance in the beneficial microflora of the vagina and a decrease in local immunity. If you do not quickly restore lactoflora, it is possible to activate conditionally pathogenic microflora, which will lead to an exacerbation of thrush or bacterial infections.
How to treat thrush during pregnancy?
Treatment must necessarily take place under the supervision of a gynecologist. He prescribes drugs that are not toxic, are poorly absorbed into the blood, do not harm the child and have a maximum therapeutic effect. Almost always, this local treatment is Pimafucin suppositories. The drug causes destruction of the walls of the fungal cell and leads to its death. This remedy can be used both in the first weeks and just before childbirth. Another drug approved during pregnancy is Terzhinan. It contains the antifungal antibiotic Nystatin. But besides this, it contains substances that fight bacteria. The treatment can be supplemented with a complex of vitamins to maintain immunity. After completing therapy with antifungal drugs, it is imperative to restore the intimate microflora to reduce the risk of repeated exacerbations of thrush and maintain local immunity. Preparations in tablets that have a systemic effect on the body are usually not used. It is better to abstain from douching during pregnancy. With the pressure of fluid, you can bring an infection into the uterine cavity. This procedure can only be prescribed by a doctor in exceptional cases. Instead of douching, it is better to use a weak soda solution, decoctions of chamomile and calendula for washing.
What suppositories are effective for treating thrush?
Suppositories and vaginal tablets for thrush are topical treatments. They are prescribed when the lesions are not deep and there are no complications. Here is a list of the most effective remedies for thrush. The active ingredient is indicated in the arms.
- Pimafucin (Natamycin) is the least toxic. Can be used during pregnancy. Causes the death of various fungi. Candles are used at bedtime. They quickly relieve symptoms, but treatment must be continued for another 2-3 days after improvement. On average, the course is 3-6 days.
- Antifungol, Yenamazole 100, Kandibene, Kanesten, Kanizon, (Clotrimazole) its components dissolve the Candide shell. Suppositories or vaginal tablets are inserted into the vagina 1 time per day before bedtime. The course of treatment is 6-7 days.
- Gyno-Travogen Ovulum (Isoconazole) disrupts the permeability of the fungal cell wall. It has anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory effects. Quickly relieves itching. It is used to treat forms of fungi that are resistant to other agents. A suppository (candle) is inserted deep into the vagina before going to bed once a day. The course of treatment is 3 days.
- Ginesol 7, Gino-Dactarin, Klion-D 100 (Miconazole) - destroys fungi and some bacteria. The treatment lasts 14 days. One suppository deep into the vagina before bedtime.
- Polygynax, Terzhinan (Nystatin) - these vaginal tablets must be moistened before insertion into the vagina. Use one at a time before bed for 10 days.
What pills are effective in treating thrush?
Treating thrush with pills has several benefits. You will get rid of unpleasant symptoms in 1-3 days. While the treatment with suppositories, vaginal pills and gels takes an average of a week. Taking pills provides a comprehensive treatment for fungi in all organs. Therefore, the likelihood of recurrence of thrush is reduced. If the course of the disease is mild, then one drug will be sufficient. In another case, you will need to take several antifungal agents of different groups. To enhance the effect and get rid of itching, local treatment in the form of creams or suppositories is additionally prescribed. There are several types of drugs designed to combat fungi. They have different mechanisms of action, but they all lead to the death of Candide and the destruction of their mycelium. Here is a list of substances that destroy fungi and preparations based on them:
- Fluconazole (Diflucan, Mikosist, Medoflucon, Forcan) - a single dose of 150 mg of the drug is enough.
- Ketoconazole (Ketoconazole, Nizoral) - 1-2 tablets per day. Course 5 days.
- Natamycin (Pimafucin) - 1 tablet for 3-5 days.
- Miconazole (Miconazole, Mikatin, Funginazole) - take 1 tablet for three days.
- Nystatin (Nystatin) - 1 tablet 4 times a day. The treatment period is 10-14 days.
These drugs should not be taken to treat thrush in pregnant women. For the prevention of exacerbations of candidiasis in the future, it is desirable that both sexual partners undergo the course of treatment.
How to treat thrush at home?
Treatment of thrush almost always occurs at home. Ideally, this should be done after consulting a doctor. Traditional medicine has many benefits. They have no side effects, are non-toxic and completely safe. However, in terms of the speed of treatment, they are significantly inferior to drugs.
- To relieve itching and prevent bacterial complications, washing and douching with soda solution is used. In 0.5 liters of warm boiled water, you need to dissolve 1 teaspoon of baking soda. Repeat the procedure 2 times a day.
- Such a composition has a strong antifungal and anti-inflammatory effect. Take 5 tablespoons of the collection from equal parts of oak bark, chamomile, nettle and knotweed. Pour a liter of water and bring to a boil. Cool, strain and use for douching in the morning and evening.
- Tampons with sea buckthorn oil heal erosion on the mucous membrane and relieve inflammation. Soak a tampon of several layers of gauze with pharmacy sea buckthorn oil and insert overnight.
- Garlic oil swabs effectively get rid of Candide. To prepare the product, you need to peel and chop 5 large cloves of garlic and pour 50 ml of refined vegetable oil. Insist 3 hours, mix and strain. Soak a tampon with this product and insert it into the vagina for 2 hours. If there is a strong burning sensation, then the procedure must be stopped. Garlic phytoncides are very powerful. Therefore, it is recommended to eat several cloves daily.
- To restore the normal microflora of the vagina, tampons with bifidumbacterin are used. Dilute an ampoule of this drug in a tablespoon of refined vegetable oil. Soak a tampon and insert into the vagina for 1 hour. American doctors recommend lubricating the mucous membrane with pure natural yogurt without flavoring. It can be a pure culture of lactobacilli, which are sold in a pharmacy.
- If you do not have an allergy to honey, then you can dilute it with water in a ratio of 1:10 and lubricate the affected areas of the mucous membrane.
- Use tar soap or brown laundry soap for cleaning. Its components prevent the growth of microorganisms.
In order for the thrush not to return after a while, it is necessary to continue the procedure for another 2-3 days after the symptoms of the disease disappear. Folk remedies are best used as an adjunct to the treatment prescribed by a doctor.
What drugs should be used to treat thrush?
To get rid of thrush forever, one drug is not enough. It is necessary to reduce the amount of Candide to normal levels, to cure the damage to the mucous membrane that arose as a result of the disease. After that, you can begin to normalize the microflora in order to increase the number of lactobacilli. And also it is required to strengthen the immune system. Therefore, various groups of drugs are used for the complex treatment of thrush. Antifungal agents (antimycotics) destroy the bulk of Candide. These are funds based on Fluconazole, Clotrimazole, Iconazole, Ketoconazole. In the form of suppositories and creams for local treatment of the genitals, as well as in the form of tablets and capsules for oral administration. Antibiotics for the treatment of thrush fight not only Candida, but also some bacteria that join during candidiasis. They are also available for topical and general treatments.
- Macrolide antibiotics : Pimafucin, Natamycin
- Triazole antibiotics: Flucostat, Mikosist
- Polyene antibiotics: Nystatin, Levorin
Combination drugs are products that contain several types of antibiotics. It also contains the hormone prednisone for quick relief from itching, pain and inflammation. These are funds in the form of ointments and vaginal tablets Terzhinan, Neo-Penotran, Polygynax. Probiotics normalize the composition of the vaginal microflora and the level of acidity. They also often contain components for the restoration of the vaginal mucosa and external genitalia. These are vaginal tablets and suppositories with a complex of lacto and bifidobacteria: Gynoflor, Ekofemin, Vaginorm C and Vagilak, as well as Bifidumbacterin, Lactobacterin. Immunomodulators or immunocorrectors are prescribed to strengthen general immunity. Its task is to restrain the growth of Candide after treatment cancellation. These are tablets for oral administration Likopid and rectal suppositories Viferon, Methyluracil.
Is fluconazole effective for thrush?
Modern antifungal drugs allow you to get rid of thrush in one day. In most cases, it is sufficient to take a 150 mg Fluconazole capsule once to destroy the fungal infection. If a woman suffers from recurrent thrush, then you will need to take one capsule once a week or a month for 6-12 months. The doctor selects the scheme individually. For a quick recovery, it is advisable to combine systemic treatment with Fluconazole in capsules and local treatment: suppositories with antifungal and anti-inflammatory drugs, the use of creams and douching. Various pharmaceutical companies produce fluconazole-based drugs: Diflazon, Diflucan, Mikosist, Medoflucon, Forcan, Flucostat. The active substance of these drugs disrupts metabolic processes in fungi, which leads to their death. The medicine is well absorbed into the bloodstream and goes to all organs, where it accumulates in the required amount. Thus, these drugs rid the body of any diseases caused by fungi. With vaginal candidiasis after taking Fluconazole, a woman usually notices a significant improvement within a day. But full recovery occurs in 3-4 days. If, a week after taking the drug, you continue to be bothered by the manifestations of thrush, then you need to consult a doctor again. There are several reasons why taking Fluconazole capsule has not worked. This can happen if the fungi have developed resistance and are not sensitive to it. Other drugs can reduce the effectiveness of Fluconazole when taken simultaneously. For example, the antibiotic Rifampicin. In some cases, a single dose is not enough. It is required to take one more capsule on the third and seventh day of treatment. It must be remembered that Fluconazole has contraindications and serious side effects. Therefore, it must be taken on the recommendation of a doctor.
What are the alternative methods of treating thrush?
For the treatment of thrush in women, recipes of traditional medicine are successfully used. They have significantly fewer contraindications and side effects than traditional medicines. However, even natural ingredients can cause an allergic reaction. Douching is generally not recommended for pregnant women. Consider this during treatment. St. John's wort is an excellent remedy for thrush due to its astringent, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. The high content of phytoncides guarantees the elimination of bacteria and fungi of the genus Candida. A decoction of St. John's wort is used for douching. For its preparation, take 3-4 tablespoons of herbs, pour boiling water in an amount of 1.5-2 liters. After that, let the medicine brew for 1.5-2 hours. It is necessary to douche with such an infusion 4 times a day. Have long been used infusion of sage and raspberry leaves rich in estrogen and anti-inflammatory components. How to use: mix sage with raspberry leaves in equal proportions - 2 tablespoons of each herb. Then pour the mixture with a liter of boiling water. We expect 20 minutes for brewing, after which we filter the infusion through a sieve or cheesecloth. Let the product cool to room temperature. It is used for douching 2-3 times a day. For greater effectiveness, you can add 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar per liter of product. Oak bark Is an effective way to get rid of thrush. The broth has a strong antimicrobial effect, soothes inflammation and protects the genital mucosa from deep damage. To prepare the broth, you need to take three parts of oak bark, one part of the string and one part of lavender. To prepare, pour 150 ml of boiling water over one tablespoon of the herbal mixture. Let it brew for 2 hours. After that, strain the broth and add the same amount of boiling water to it. Douche with this composition 2 times a day. Cranberries and viburnum - universal helpers in the fight against thrush. The polyphenols contained in these berries stop the growth of yeast fungi, relieve symptoms and strengthen the body. Juices from cranberries or viburnum will prevent the development of thrush. But the main requirement is to consume only unsweetened juice. The presence of sugar has the opposite effect and the fungus develops even more intensively. It is necessary to drink juices 3 times a day, 2 tablespoons. You can add the same amount of water. For douching, take 1 tablespoon of strained juice in a glass of warm water.
Answers to frequently asked questions:
Is it possible to get pregnant with thrush?
A woman who has an exacerbation of thrush may become pregnant. The processes occurring during candidiasis and the acid secreted by the fungi can slightly impair sperm vitality. But if their number is large, and the mobility is high, then fertilization will still occur. It is desirable that the woman be absolutely healthy at the time of pregnancy. But nevertheless, this disease does not carry a serious danger to the fetus. Unlike rubella, for example.
Is it possible to have sex with thrush?
Sex is not recommended for thrush. This is due to the fact that with vaginal candidiasis, the mucous membrane becomes edematous and covered with erosions. During sex, her injury occurs. This promotes the penetration of fungi into deeper layers and the addition of a bacterial infection. In addition, pain and itching in the genitals increases during and after intercourse.
Is it possible to douche with thrush?
You can douch with thrush. This helps cleanse the walls of the vagina from fungi and curdled plaque. Various medicines can help relieve itching and inflammation. Most often, a weak soda solution, decoctions of chamomile and calendula are used.
Is it possible to use kefir or cottage cheese with thrush?
Kefir or cottage cheese contains a large number of lactic acid bacteria, which normally constitute the bulk of the microflora. With thrush, their number decreases sharply. Therefore, the use of such foods restores balance and will be very beneficial. It is necessary to include in the diet fresh kefir and natural yoghurts with a short shelf life and a minimum sugar content. They are most beneficial.
Prevention of thrush in women
Prevention of candidiasis is based on the general strengthening of the immune system. Also, strict adherence to personal hygiene is necessary, the meaning of which is to maintain normal vaginal microflora. Gynecologists recommend using for washing intimate gels with high acidity, which include lactic acid and with a minimum amount of flavors. Wear natural fabrics that allow your skin to breathe. But tight skinny jeans provoke the development of the disease. You can get infected with thrush in swimming pools and saunas, where there are many people and bleach affects the skin. If you notice such a tendency, then avoid visiting these places. Consume more vegetables, fruits and dairy products. This will help keep the number of lactobacilli in the normal range. Avoid taking medications uncontrolled and remember to make preventive appointments with your doctor.
THERE ARE CONTRAINDICATIONS. CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR BEFORE USE.
Vaginal candidiasis is one of the most common diseases in women, sexually mature girls and girls. If signs of thrush are found, it is necessary to cure it as soon as possible in order to avoid chronicity of the disease. For this, you can use both medicines and alternative medicine recipes.
A healthy woman has a yeast-like microscopic fungus called Candida albicans in her body. When its amount does not exceed the norm, it is not noticeable. However, as soon as the immune system weakens, this pathogen begins to multiply actively, which causes thrush. Excessive consumption of sugar can affect the activation of the fungus - yeast-like Candida thrives in such a nutrient medium.
Candida fungus under a microscope
The first symptoms that signal thrush
This disease has a characteristic pronounced symptomatology. You can suspect the presence of vaginal candidiasis by certain signs:
- Intense itching in the perineum, accompanied by a burning sensation after scratching.
- The appearance of atypical discharge on underwear. They can be cheesy, slimy or creamy, whitish, transparent or slightly yellow in color.
- Swollen labia, excessive redness of the skin and mucous membranes.
- Painful sensations when urinating.
- Discomfort during intercourse.
At the first symptoms of vaginal, the appearance of unusual discharge and odor from the vagina, you should consult a gynecologist. The doctor will prescribe tests to determine the causative agent of the disease, prescribe suitable medications. Self-medication or delay in therapy can lead to an advanced stage of the disease.
|What to do if you have thrush?! |
Is it possible to get rid of thrush at home in 1 day?
What does thrush look like?
It is possible to eliminate thrush in 1 day, provided that the pathology is definitely candidiasis, and treatment is started immediately after the activation of the yeast-like fungus.
However, often a woman realizes that she has thrush when candidiasis is already in severe form. And in this case, only complex therapy with medicines and traditional medicine will help. Self-healing can take 3 to 7 days.
The sooner you start fighting the pathogenic fungus, the more effective the treatment will be.
Pharmacy preparations for getting rid of thrush
Modern pharmaceuticals offer a wide range of medicines with antifungal action. These are capsules, vaginal suppositories and ointments.
Creams and ointments
Such drugs are used for local action on the fungus:
- Clotrimazole based - Candiderm, Triderm, Akriderm GK, Candide, Metrogyl plus. The price is 8-700 rubles.
- Natamycin based - Pimafukort. The price is about 600 rubles.
Suppositories and vaginal tablets
Pharmacy remedies for candidiasis
To act directly on the mucous membrane affected by the fungus, it is convenient to insert vaginal suppositories and tablets into the vagina. They are used once a day before bedtime. Often used drugs for the fungus:
- Miconazole based - candles Metromikon-Neo, Neo-Penotran, tablets Klion-D 100. The price varies between 300-900 rubles.
- Based on nystatin - vaginal capsules Polygynax, suppositories Terzhinan, Macmiror Complex, Nystatin. The price is 70-1000 rubles.
- Based on ketoconazole - candles Livarol, Ketoconazole. The price is 200-800 rubles.
- Natamycin based - candles Ekofutsin, Pimafucin, Primafungin. The price is 200-600 rubles.
- On the basis of clotrimazole - vaginal tablets Clotrimazole. The price is 8-100 rubles.
Capsules and tablets for oral administration
The action of drugs from the inside determines their effectiveness in the treatment of thrush. Also, this form of treatment is convenient when there is no way to use candles, for example, on the road. The price of a medicine depends on the country of origin and brand awareness. Among modern antifungal agents:
- Fluconazole capsules - Diflucan, Mikosist, Diflox, Fluconazole, Flucostat. They are taken on the first, third and seventh day of treatment at a dosage of 150 mg at a time. The price is 9-500 rubles.
- Natamycin based - Pimafucin. The price is about 600 rubles.
- Based on ketoconazole - Mycozoral. The price is about 500 rubles.
Folk recipes for the treatment of vaginal candidiasis
Alternative medicine has a variety of remedies that can help treat thrush. Some of them are effective in the early stages of the disease, but most should be used as adjunctive therapy to the main prescribed drugs.
Inserting a tampon inside the vagina
Such therapy allows the therapeutic composition to act for a long time on the pathogen fungus. Swabs should be purchased without dyes, fragrances or impregnations.
- You need to take fresh, not too fatty kefir, dip a tampon in it and gently insert it into the vagina. Leave on for 2 hours.
- Pour 3 tablespoons of eucalyptus leaves with a glass of boiled water, leave to cool. Strain, and dip a cotton swab into the resulting infusion and insert into the vagina at night.
- Place 1 filter bag of calendula in a thermos, pour 1 glass of boiling water, let cool. Soak a tampon with infusion and leave in the vagina for several hours.
Irrigation of the vaginal walls is not considered a safe method of treating thrush, since the pressure of the fluid can damage the cervix, and the treatment solution itself can wash away the existing microflora.
Soda is the first helper against candidiasis
- Dilute ½ teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of water, use for one douching.
- Stir a few crystals of potassium permanganate in water to obtain a weak pink solution. They irrigate the walls of the vagina.
- Brew 1 filter bag of chamomile flowers in 1 glass of boiling water. After cooling, dilute with water in a 1: 1 ratio and douche the vagina.
Solutions and detergents
Water procedures using medicinal solutions can relieve inflammation and itching, relieve a woman's condition. Antifungal and antiseptic properties of the funds have a depressing effect on the vital activity of the Candida fungus.
- Add 1 teaspoon of baking soda to 1 liter of warm water, stir. Wash and dry with a clean cotton towel.
- Make a foam from water and tar or laundry soap. Apply it on the labia, wait a little and rinse with water. You can also use these types of liquid soap for washing.
- Put in a saucepan 1 tablespoon of oak bark and 2 tablespoons of nettle leaves, pour 1 liter of cold water, boil. After cooling, use to wash the genitals, then wipe with a clean napkin or towel.
Oregano will relieve discomfort
Mix 3 drops of oregano essential oil and 3 tablespoons of boiled water. Apply to a cotton ball or ball and wipe itchy skin and mucous membranes.
- Dip a cotton ball in a borax with glycerin, treat the area of the labia and vaginal opening.
- Dilute hydrogen peroxide with water in a 1: 1 ratio. Apply to a cotton pad and rub over the perineum.
Is there a way to cure thrush permanently?
The Candida fungus lives in the female body and does not manifest itself until favorable conditions appear for it. If vaginal candidiasis appears frequently, it is worth paying attention to aspects that will help cure the pathology:
- Treatment of thrush is carried out in combination, since only the local or internal action of the drugs does not show effectiveness.
- In case of relapses of this disease, you need to be tested for sexually transmitted diseases. Often, thrush is accompanied by various infections and other fungi, and therefore treatment should be started with them.
- There is a "vaginal candidiasis vaccine." For six months, you need to drink 1 capsule with fluconazole every week. However, such a treatment regimen should be discussed with a doctor.
The reasons for the development of thrush
For the active reproduction of a yeast-like fungus, the creation of favorable conditions is required, for example, a change in hormonal levels, an increase in blood sugar, a violation of the vaginal microflora or a general weakening of the body after taking antibiotics. You should follow the recommendations that will prevent the appearance of thrush:
- Wear underwear made from natural fabrics, as, unlike synthetics, it does not create a "greenhouse" effect.
- Monitor personal hygiene. You need to wash yourself several times a day with a special product or soap.
- Eat right, include fresh dairy products in the diet. Natural yogurt, cottage cheese, yogurt, kefir have a beneficial effect on the state of the vaginal microflora.
- In the absence of a permanent partner in sex, use barrier methods of contraception.
- Do not get involved in douching. Mechanical irrigation of the vaginal walls affects its mucous membrane and literally washes away the existing microflora.
Treatment of vaginal candidiasis during pregnancy
Sepsis in a newborn
During the carrying of a child, a woman's hormonal background changes greatly, which is why fungal pathogens begin to multiply more actively. Thrush is a frequent companion of pregnancy. However, vaginal candidiasis cannot be considered the norm, since it can subsequently cause problems not only to the expectant mother, but also affect her baby.
A woman in a position at the first sign of thrush should consult a gynecologist who is pregnant. It is unacceptable to prescribe treatment yourself.
After standard tests, the specialist will prescribe the necessary medications.
- Pharmacy preparations ... The range of medicines allowed for use during pregnancy is very limited. However, there are a number of names that treat vaginal candidiasis without harming the mother or fetus. You can use topically ointments, suppositories and creams that contain nystatin (Polygynax, Terzhinan, Macmiror Complex, Nystatin), natamycin (Pimafukort, Pimafucin). However, doctors recommend choosing even more gentle methods of treatment during the first 3 months of pregnancy, when the most important formation of the embryo and the laying of organs occurs.
- Traditional medicine ... Pregnant women can wipe the perineum or wash with solutions with medicinal components. A decoction of chamomile, a solution of hydrogen peroxide or a weak solution of potassium permanganate will help relieve itching and burning, as well as affect the fungus.
Topical medications are usually used to treat candidiasis. When taken orally, the drug enters the bloodstream not only of the mother, but also of the fetus, and therefore doctors try to avoid prescriptions with oral administration in expectant mothers.
|What to do if you have thrush?! |
Thrush usually manifests itself already in a critical stage, when the labia area begins to itch, and curdled lumps or white mucus are released from the vagina. With timely treatment, taking systemic drugs and a complex effect on the fungus can heal it in 1 day. However, if unpleasant symptoms appear, it may take longer to recover. Following advice and performing simple procedures can prevent candidiasis even at home.
Many-sided candidiasis: what is the danger of the cunning candida fungus?
Although most often there is vaginal candidiasis - the same thrush in women, which is manifested by a white color of discharge with a characteristic fermented milk smell and itching. But the vagina is far from the only organ that can be infected by Candida. They normally live quietly in the intestines, can inhabit the mucous membranes of the genitals, mouth, respiratory organs, skin. But if given a chance, they become the cause of unpleasant, and sometimes extremely dangerous diseases.
Under especially favorable conditions, fungi multiply even where they usually do not belong - on the nipples and nails, in the skin folds, in the esophagus, internal organs, and brain tissues.
Today, 134 species of fungi of the genus Candida are known, but in 90% of cases, the cause of candidiasis is C. albicans, "whitish candida".
But Candida auris (golden) has become one of the most serious threats to drug resistance due to the pandemic - the cases of candidal sepsis in intensive care unit patients in 2020 increased sharply.
Although we know through advertising that “thrush can be cured in one day,” this is not the whole truth. There are recurrent candidiasis, as well as fungi that cannot be treated with popular drugs - they are already used to them. However, these mushrooms are already well protected from drugs.
How does candida protect against immunity and drugs?
Candida is a parasitic fungus. It enters the epithelial cell and begins to use nutrients to develop and multiply. In some forms of candidiasis (for example, candidal stomatitis, thrush in the mouth), fungi affect only the superficial epithelium, while in others, as in candidal colpitis, they are introduced into the deeper basal layer.
Due to the fact that fungi live inside the cell, they easily manage to defend themselves against the effects of the immune system and medications. If you give them a chance to develop, then the proteins of the "house" cell will settle on top of the fungus capsule, and this layer will be 3-4 times thicker than the parasite's own shell. Immune phagocytic cells do not notice the fungus through such a "wall", and it is also difficult for active substances to get close to it. And it is necessary to treat thrush.
What affects candidiasis?
These yeast-like fungi invisible to the eye cause a number of common diseases - from vaginal candidiasis, vulvovaginitis, balanoposthitis and urethritis to intertrigo (on the skin), onychomycosis (fungal nail infection), gingivitis, and even fungal tonsillitis (pharyngomycosis). All of these are diseases with unpleasant symptoms that not only cause discomfort, but also cause more serious harm to health.
Even on dry and clean skin, these yeast-like fungi can survive from 15 minutes to 2 hours. But they instantly die on contact with alkaline solutions, for example, alkaline soap.
The main causes of thrush
Although thrush can develop in healthy people, more often provocative factors contribute to the activity of the fungus: a general decrease in the body's defenses, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, inflammatory processes and infections of the mucous membranes, taking antibiotics, anemia, diseases of the endocrine system.
The text is presented for informational purposes only. We urge you not to self-medicate. When the first symptoms appear, consult a doctor. Recommended reading: "Why can't you self-medicate?
Thrush is an infectious disease caused by fungi of the genus Candida. The medical name for this disease, which has the ICD-10 code B37, is candidiasis. The vast majority of women of different ages have encountered thrush more than once in their lives. Such a disease significantly complicates life, brings serious discomfort, and in advanced stages leads to severe complications and negative consequences. What is thrush? How does this disease occur? What are the reasons for its development? What methods of treating the disease are there? Answers to these and many other questions can be found in the proposed article.
What is thrush
This name was given to the fungal infection due to the white curdled plaque, which most often occurs on the genitals of women. However, this disease can develop in men, children, and even newborns.
Despite the fact that with thrush, the mucous membranes of the vagina or the male genitals are most often affected, this is not a sexually transmitted disease. Although there are ways of transmitting it sexually, they are quite rare in comparison with other causes that provoke the onset of this disease. At the same time, thrush can be successfully called one of the most popular gynecological diseases.
The causative agent of the disease is the yeast-like fungus Candida, which is considered conditionally pathogenic. In the normal state of the body, such fungi are found in small quantities in the rectum, on the mucous membranes of the genitals and in the oral cavity. However, with various deviations caused by certain factors, a significant growth of such microflora occurs, which leads to the onset of the development of the disease.
In some cases, thrush is quite difficult to diagnose, because in addition to the characteristic flakes of curdled plaque, it no longer manifests itself in the female body. In such cases, women rarely go to a doctor, unaware that the disease is progressing and may become chronic. In men, in general, thrush can often develop internally, manifesting itself on the genitals only superficially, since the structure of the male penis does not contribute to the fixation of fungi. Thus, a man may be a hidden carrier of the infection and not even suspect about it.
Types and classification of the disease
Such a disease is of several types, differing not only in the place of localization, but also in severity, as well as in gender.
Depending on the stage of development of the disease, the following types of thrush are distinguished: candidiasis, acute or chronic form.
In turn, acute thrush can be:
- adhesive - the attachment of microorganisms to the surface of the mucous membranes;
- colonized, when there is a rapid increase in the number of pathogenic microorganisms;
- invasive, when the yeast-like microflora penetrates into the deep layers of the skin and provokes the appearance of pathological changes in the affected area.
Launched thrush almost always turns into a chronic stage, which is classified into:
- persistent, or sluggish;
- recurrent, accompanied by systematic outbreaks of the disease.
According to the degree of penetration, the disease is:
- superficial or external, affecting the skin and mucous membranes, as well as the nail plates;
- systemic, affecting the deeper layers of the epithelium and penetrating into the internal organs, in most cases of the digestive and respiratory systems;
- septic, penetrating into the circulatory system and affecting almost all internal organs and systems of the human body.
By the place of localization, they are distinguished:
- thrush of the skin, which includes: seizure, nail damage;
- interdigital thrush, candidiasis of smooth skin areas;
- thrush of the oral cavity, localized on the lips, corners of the mouth, mucous membrane, tonsils and pharynx;
- internal candidiasis or visceral candidiasis that affects the eyes, ears, lungs, esophagus, stomach, intestines and even the brain;
- candidiasis of the genitourinary organs.
Various variants of the disease can be seen in the photo.
Varieties of female and male infections
Women most often have:
- vaginal candidiasis, occurs on the labia and in the vagina;
- candidiasis of the cervix, most often affects pregnant women;
- candidiasis of the mammary glands, occurs on the nipples and nipple circumference during breastfeeding.
Female thrush usually affects the vagina and vulva. In more advanced stages, the disease penetrates deeper, affecting the ovaries and cervix.
Male thrush is called urogenital candidiasis and affects the genitourinary organs. Most often it is localized on the glans penis and is characterized by inflammation of the glans and foreskin of the penis, which medicine defines as balanoposthitis.
On the Internet, you can find such a type of disease as genital candidiasis. However, this is nothing more than another type of disease, erroneously and incorrectly named. Such a disease as genital candidiasis does not exist in nature.
Oral thrush is a condition that affects the mouth and mucous membranes of the mouth. With this disease, white plaque concentrates in the mouth, lips, gums and palate. The pharynx and tonsils are also affected. Most often, children suffer from this disease, especially those under the age of one year.
Oral thrush in infants can develop due to many reasons: infection from the mother during childbirth, weak immunity, long-term antibiotic treatment, and others. The disease in boys and girls from two to ten years old occurs mainly due to the fact that they often pull dirty hands and objects into their mouths.
Pediatric thrush usually proceeds easily, practically without disturbing the baby. However, in any case, at the first symptoms of the disease, the child should be shown to the pediatrician, because it can go into a more severe stage, which is characterized by fever, anxiety and sleep disturbance.
Oral candidiasis in adults is very rare and poorly treatable.
Anal thrush is a disease that is localized in the area of the rear pass.
For such a type of candidiasis characteristic:
- The presence of a whisen plaque in the anus zone and on the wheel masses;
- pain in the rear pass during the act of defecation;
- The destruction of feet with blood.
Often, such a disease is developing against the background of the edidosis of the rectum. Usually, the rectal thrush is found in children, manifested by redness and blooming on the pope, which causes discomfort and pain when moving. It gets hard to sit and walk. But he can also develop in a teenager, and in an adult, especially if there are problems with an immune system, hygiene or nutrition.
Usually, such a disease is pretty quickly and is easily treated with a timely appeal to the doctor. A specialist in diagnostics takes a smear from the surface of the patient's anus, which makes it possible to determine the culture of the fungus. After that, effective treatment is appointed, which leads to a quick recovery.
Leather and nail thrush
Such a disease is a rare phenomenon that occurs is usually as a result of the impact on the human body of endogenous or exogenous factors.
It can be:
- impact on the skin of chemicals;
- mechanical damage to the skin and nails;
- the age of the patient;
- Some diseases;
- Strong exhaustion of the body.
Such a thrush is manifested by redness of the skin, the appearance of rash on the skin, as well as swelling and maceration. It begins, as a rule, a disease with large folds of the skin: in the armpits, in groin, between the buttocks in the chest glands.
Also develops candidiasis of the skin on his hands between fingers, especially in preschool children and agricultural workers. Vaginal or genital candidiasis can also lead to the leather of the skin of the genital organs, characterized by redness and rash on the sexual penis or lips (sex). Most often, such a rash looks like edema-erythematous spots, spots or papulas, with a destruction of which mocking erosion is formed.
Candidiasis on the face occurs quite rarely and is very seriously treating. It is characterized by a shallow bright red rash with clearly defined papulas, located mainly in the area of the lips.
Breast children often develop diapercases of candidiasis, located in the crotch area of the baby. There are also such varieties of skin thrush such as bandage candidiasis and candidoid folliculitis.
The thrush of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as candidiasis of the internal organs in general, is a very serious disease arising against the background of a strong oppression of the body's immune system. Also, this disease can develop with improper or insufficient treatment of fungal infections of mucous membranes. In such cases, the pathogens of the thrush penetrate the systemic bloodstream and are spread with blood for all internal human internal organs. Most often, this happens with a long-term independent treatment of the candidias of the genital organs, which only significantly exacerbates the situation and leads to the development of such a serious illness as candidiasis of internal organs. The most common is the thrush of the gastrointestinal tract: candidiasis of the stomach, esophagus and intestines.
The symptoms of this disease are:
- frequent nausea with bouts of vomiting;
- painful sensations in the epigastric region;
- decrease and complete loss of appetite;
- general weakness of the body;
- decreased performance;
- diarrhea and other disorders of the digestive system.
With thrush of the esophagus, the patient often complains of difficulty swallowing, chest pain after eating, nausea and vomiting. With esophagoscopy, you can find a whitish film of curdled plaque on the walls of the esophageal mucosa.
Thrush of the stomach has a description and symptoms quite similar to gastritis. The patient suffers from constant nausea and vomiting, lack of appetite, pain in the abdomen. When examining vomit, a specialist can recognize particles of fungal elements, as well as a white curd film.
Intestinal candidiasis most often occurs in young children, especially while taking antibacterial drugs. Also susceptible to this disease are women during pregnancy, the elderly, people suffering from diabetes, HIV infection. Often the causes of candidiasis of internal organs are also long-term use of hormonal drugs, constant stressful conditions and the presence of bad habits.
Such thrush is dangerous in that in advanced stages it can lead to serious and severe complications: internal bleeding, perforation of the intestine or stomach, fungal sepsis.
In especially severe cases with invasive forms, thrush of the gastrointestinal tract is fatal.
Other types of thrush of the internal organs include candidiasis of the ears and eyes, as well as thrush in the nose.
The causes of thrush
Thrush is not a sexually transmitted disease, as many believe, which means that it is not sexually transmitted. Cases of the onset of the disease during sexual intercourse are very rare and, as a rule, other causes and circumstances must accompany this. In addition, very often this disease occurs in virgins who do not live an intimate life. Such a disease develops due to various factors that lead to a change in the microflora of the mucous membranes.
The main reason for the onset and development of thrush is a sharp decrease in immunity.
Other factors leading to this disease are:
- diabetes mellitus or other chronic diseases;
- antibiotic therapy;
- taking hormonal contraceptives;
- frequent visits to swimming pools and other bodies of water;
- non-observance of intimate hygiene, wearing wet underwear;
- exposure to stress;
- excessive passion for sweets;
- the presence of sexually transmitted diseases, including latent infections;
- pregnancy and breastfeeding;
- changing of the climate.
Although thrush is not a sexually transmitted disease, it is quite contagious and can be transmitted from a husband or wife, both sexually and in various household ways: by airborne droplets, by direct contact with a carrier of the disease, using objects infected with the fungus.
Often, such a disease is transmitted from mother to child during childbirth, when the baby passes through the birth canal.
Also, the reasons for the development of candidiasis include:
- wearing synthetic and uncomfortable underwear;
- the use of perfumed personal hygiene items;
- a tendency to allergic reactions and more.
After eliminating the cause that caused the growth of yeast-like fungi, thrush goes away on its own. However, it is not possible to independently determine this reason. Therefore, if one partner has infected another, and the first signs of such a disease appear, it is necessary to contact a specialist as soon as possible, who will prescribe the necessary diagnostic tests and professional treatment.
Symptoms of the disease
Both sexes are susceptible to such an unpleasant disease, and therefore the symptoms of the disease must be considered for each sex separately.
In girls and women, the characteristic signs of such a disease are:
- profuse vaginal discharge with white cheesy flakes, as a result of which the disease is often called curd thrush;
- burning and itching in the external genital area and vagina, aggravated at night or during water procedures;
- sour smell of discharge;
- a feeling of soreness and discomfort in the genitals, as well as when urinating;
- painful intercourse;
- redness of the labia, irritation and inflammation of the mucous membranes of the vagina;
- swelling of the genitals.
It is extremely rare for girls with such a disease to have lower abdominal pain.
Often, thrush in women may have several mild symptoms or just one of the above signs. Moreover, the onset of menstruation can cause the symptoms of thrush to disappear. This is due to the fact that during this period an alkaline environment develops in the vagina, in which this fungus dies. But at the end of the menstrual cycle, thrush also returns, but with brighter symptoms, which has passed into the chronic phase.
In addition, there is the so-called bloody or bloody thrush, in which the discharge changes its color to pink, scarlet and even brown. This may be due to the onset of the menstrual cycle, the development of pregnancy, or various diseases such as erosion of the cervix.
In guys and men, this disease is localized on the head of the penis and is characterized by the following clinical manifestations:
- thick white coating on the penis;
- redness and inflammation of the mucous membranes of the penis;
- painful sensations during intercourse;
- pain when urinating;
- swelling and swelling of the glans penis;
- red rash on the body in the groin area.
These symptoms intensify at night and in the evening, during sleep, and also when washing in warm water.
The course of the disease
The incubation period of the disease usually lasts from two days to several weeks or even months, depending on the state of the patient's immune system and the form of the disease:
- with latent sluggish thrush, the symptoms of the disease appear approximately on the third to fifth day after infection;
- with concomitant candidiasis inflammation of the vaginal tissues, the manifestation of the first signs of the disease is delayed up to two weeks;
- in case of a lesion with thrush of the urinary tract, bladder or kidneys, the symptoms of the disease may appear in a month or even two after the onset of the disease,
- the incubation period for candidiasis in men ranges from five days to two months.
There are 4 degrees of development of such a disease:
- Latent or latent form of the disease, in which the penetration and consolidation of pathogens occurs in an environment suitable for their development. This can be a significant weakening of the patient's immunity, and an exacerbation of chronic diseases, and hormonal changes in the body.
- Superficial mild form of candidiasis, in which the surface of the mucous membranes or skin is affected. During this period, there is a significant multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms, which often leads to the manifestation of visible signs of the disease.
- Systemic candidiasis, in which the fungus penetrates into the deep layers of the skin and affects the internal organs. Such thrush is treated for a long time and requires significant effort and a lot of time to recover. In case of untimely therapy, it proceeds to the next stage of development.
- Septic thrush caused by the entry of the Candida fungus into the systemic circulation. With the help of the circulatory system, all internal organs and body systems are infected, which is often fatal.
In addition, thrush is classified according to the severity of the disease:
- Candidacy. This is the initial and mildest stage of the disease. Usually it is asymptomatic, and the woman may not even know that she is the carrier of the disease. The vast majority of pregnant women face this problem. This form of the disease is treated quickly and does not entail unpleasant and severe complications.
- The acute form of candidiasis is characterized by a sharp manifestation of the clinical picture of the disease. The course of the disease is rapidly progressing and, in the absence of proper treatment, becomes chronic. With this form of thrush, the lymph nodes in the groin area often become inflamed, which causes even more discomfort to patients.
- Chronic form, which is characterized by periods of exacerbation with a sluggish disease. Symptoms for this type of disease are poorly expressed, but symptoms are constantly present. There are two types of chronic candidiasis: recurrent or recurrent thrush, characterized by an exacerbation of the disease after intercourse or before the onset of menstruation, and persistent or sluggish thrush, which is characterized by either extinction or sudden outbreaks of symptoms of the disease.
Thrush is very often diagnosed in pregnant women. According to statistics, there is one disease for every third case. It can begin both in the early stages and in the second and third trimester. The first trimester of pregnancy is especially dangerous for such a disease, since candidiasis in advanced forms can provoke a miscarriage. Thrush of pregnancy is a common cause of fetal infection. Moreover, this can happen both in utero and during the passage of the child through the birth canal.
Breastfeeding mothers can also develop this condition. Breastfeeding often causes breast thrush, through which the infant can become infected from the mother. Moreover, when a disease is detected in the mother, or in the baby, both should be treated at the same time so that the thrush does not pass from one to the other and does not return again.
After ovulation, an environment favorable for the reproduction of the fungus is also formed. The main cause of thrush during this period is a sharp surge in progesterone, which begins to be produced just in the middle of the cycle, and contributes to the adhesion and growth of the number of yeast-like fungi.
Before ovulation, there is a significant change in the microflora of the vagina, which also leads to candidiasis or thrush, which is essentially the same thing. At the same time, gynecologists argue that candidiasis affects ovulation, and therefore the ability to conceive a child, therefore, in any case, urgent treatment is required.
With menstruation, the clinic of the disease looks different. In some patients, against the background of the development of thrush, menstruation may be delayed, in others, on the contrary, the symptoms of the disease subside.
Diagnosis and treatment of disease
The diagnosis of thrush implies undergoing laboratory and clinical studies to identify this disease. Most often, for this purpose, smear from the vagina for microscopic examination is taken. When candidiasis in a smear, elevated leukocytes are observed. They show the beginning of the inflammatory process. And the higher their number, the nearest the disease itself.
Colposcopy also applies, Bakposev Vagina is taken and a visual inspection is made. In addition, the doctor may request an analysis on PCR.
Also, in some cases, you will need to pass additional examinations: to pass blood and urine on sugar, since in some cases the thrush can act as one of the symptoms of diabetes mellitus.
In chronic thrush, it is necessary to undergo a full examination and identify the reasons why heavily arises the growth of yeast-like fungi. If such factors are not found and eliminated, the thrush will come back again, the recurrence of the disease will redeem.
In the easy stages of the disease, doctors recommend using medical antimicrobial drugs of local action: vaginal candles and tablets, ointments, gels and creams.
At a more running stage, it is desirable to treat antibiotics and systemic antimicosis. Systemic drugs from thrush are usually accepted once. If after that there is burning or other unpleasant symptoms, it is necessary to repeat the course of treatment one or 2 times a month. It is possible to treat such a disease at home with a douching, for which they are used both ready-made medicines and ragners of therapeutic herbs.
However, it is possible to easily get rid of the candidiasis only with the help of integrated therapy, including:
- the use of systemic and local antifungal drugs;
- consumption of immunostimulants and vitamin complexes;
- folk remedies for the prevention of relapses;
- proper nutrition;
- Subsequent restoration of useful vaginal microflora.
Preventive measures and diet with candidiasis
The prevention of the candidiasis is to avoid the emergence and development of such a disease.
For this purpose, factors such as:
- personal hygiene;
- timely change of tampons or gaskets;
- strengthening immunity;
- rejection of wearing synthetic close clothes;
- avoiding indiscriminate sexual bonds;
- avoiding stressful situations;
- Normalization of nutrition and diet;
- Use the shower, the bath at the same time should move to the background;
- Avoid long lasting in wet underwear;
- Wipe dry genitals after swimming.
In addition, it is necessary to apply antibacterial drugs for treating diseases only by appointing a doctor and under its sensitive manual.
The text is designed exclusively for familiarization. We urge not to use diet, do not resort to any medicinal menu and starvation unattended by doctors. Recommended reading: "Why you can not sit on your own diet
Diet in the thrush should include the following products:
It should also be drunk with such a disease of milk, kefir and other fermented dairy products.
List of products prohibited in candidiasis:
It is also undesirable to eat smoked and fried food, there are sweet fruits, semi-finished products and fast food. Different conservation and marinades are harmful in the thrush.
The consequences of thrush
Thrush, especially in advanced stages, can lead to severe and serious consequences, among which the most common are:
- cystitis and urethritis;
- cervical erosion;
- involuntary miscarriage;
- possible infertility;
- rectal candidiasis.
In men, this disease leads to the following complications: intestinal dysbiosis; urethritis and prostatitis; problems with the urinary system, kidneys and bladder.
Intimate life with candidiasis
Many patients are interested in questions: is it possible to have sex with candidiasis, and also is it possible to get pregnant with such a disease.
The fact is that untreated thrush can have a very bad effect on conception, and in some cases even lead to infertility, especially if the disease was accompanied by sexually transmitted infections.
As for sex, the reviews of many patients indicate that it can only be engaged in using barrier contraception methods. But severe, profuse thrush is accompanied by symptoms such as pain, itching and burning, from which no condom can save. It is unlikely that such sensations will help to achieve orgasm. The advice of doctors in this case agree on one thing, you cannot have sex until the thrush has completely passed, that is, until the unpleasant symptoms disappear completely.
Thrush is an unpleasant disease caused by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida. It has various symptoms, depending on gender, the severity of the disease and other factors. In advanced stages, this disease can lead to severe and serious consequences, up to and including death. Therefore, one should not take it to the extreme, but at the first signs of the disease, contact a qualified specialist to diagnose the disease and prescribe the necessary treatment.
The author of the article:
Izvozchikova Nina Vladislavovna
Specialty: infectious disease specialist, gastroenterologist, pulmonologist .
Overall experience: 35 years .
Education: 1975-1982, 1MMI, san-gig, highest qualification, infectious disease doctor .
Academic degree: doctor of the highest category, candidate of medical sciences.
- Infectious diseases.
- Parasitic diseases.
- Emergency conditions.
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Treatment of thrush, how to treat thrush: suppositories, pills, remedies, medicine. Why is vaginal candidiasis dangerous?
What is thrush?
Thrush Is a very common disease of women and girls, which characterized by an infectious lesion of the mucous membrane of the vagina, vulva, labia. Thrush is caused by yeast-like microscopic fungi of the genus Candida. Doctors gynecologists call thrush a specific term " vulvovaginal candidiasis ". So, thrush Is vulvovaginal candidiasis. Other synonyms for thrush are urogenital candidiasis, genital fungus, genital fungus, urogenital mycosis, vulvovaginal mycosis. Can thrush be treated? It is not only possible, but also necessary. Can you get thrush in Saratov? Yes.
Who can get thrush? Why does it arise? Types and forms of thrush, classification
In women, girls, men, guys, children, babies, pregnant women (first trimester, second trimester, third trimester) and after childbirth. Classification of thrush. With the flow : candidiasis, acute candidiasis, chronic candidiasis. By symptoms and complaints: persistent and recurrent. By prevalence : superficial, systemic, sepsis. By localization : vulva (labia), vagina (vagina), clitoris, uterus, female nipples, breasts, penile head (balanitis, balanoposthitis), urethritis, prostatitis ; oral mucosa (stomatitis), lips (cheilitis), tongue (glossitis), oral cavity plus tongue, lips, tonsils, gums, posterior pharyngeal wall (oropharyngeal candidiasis); skin, palms, folds. Visceral candidiasis affects the heart, lungs, bronchi, intestines, stomach, esophagus, brain membranes, ears, eyes, anus (anus). By clinical forms : pseudomembranous, atrophic, granulomatous. By the nature of growth : invasive, non-invasive. By the time of occurrence : congenital, acquired.
How is thrush manifested in women? What are the symptoms and signs of thrush? How do I know if I have a female thrush?
What are the main thrush symptoms or vulvovaginal candidiasis in women and girls? What does genital thrush look like? The first symptoms of thrush are quite specific.
1. Burning and itching in the area of the entrance to the vagina, labia minora, labia majora, external genital organs. In the evening, itching and burning more often intensify. Itching and burning can also intensify during sleep, after intercourse, sex, after taking a shower or bath, after walking for a long time. During menstruation, menstruation, there may be an increase in itching and burning.
2. Cheesy or profuse discharge from the vagina, vagina.
3. Discomfort when urinating.
So, itching and pain, soreness and discomfort, white abundant cheesy discharge and redness of the mucous membrane of the labia, the urethral region, pain during sex and urination make you think about thrush. If you are itchy or itchy, see your doctor.
Thrush in men Thrush in men - This is candidal balanoposthitis, that is, fungal inflammation of the foreskin and glans penis. Symptoms of thrush in men
: itching in the penis, glans, foreskin, soreness of the external genitalia, white bloom on the penis, whitish rash. So, let's dwell on the main signs of thrush in men. Periodic itching in the penis, constant itching in the genitals, mild soreness during intercourse. Decreased penis sensitivity. Burning member. Narrowing of the foreskin of the glans penis. Whitish coating on the head. Erosion and erosive lesions on the head, groin, armpits, between the fingers, in the folds. The head becomes dry or dryish. Unpleasant odor from the genitals. Curd or curdled discharge, curd. Edema, swelling of the mucous membranes of the genital organs. Ulceration of the skin, red. Increased regional lymph nodes. Small notches in the foreskin, glans penis.
What should you do if you have symptoms of thrush? Fight against thrush. Which doctor treats
? The best option is to contact a woman to a gynecologist, a man to a urologist. Is it possible to have sex with thrush? Sex with thrush is excluded! Thrush is transmitted to a man from a woman, and vice versa. Oral, anal, vaginal sex is excluded.
How do you get thrush? What are the causes of thrush? Why does thrush occur?
The fact is that Candida albicans is a conditionally pathogenic microorganism. They can normally be found in small amounts on the skin and mucous membranes of normal healthy people. Yeast-like fungi can enter the perineum and genital tract through contact with a carrier of the fungus, through infected clothing, and from the intestines. Of course, the genital tract is present during infection with thrush, but, fortunately, it is not the main one. Thrush occurs more often with the active reproduction of fungi, which may be associated with a decrease in human immunity. Weakening of immunity, changes in the contents of the vaginal microflora create very good conditions for the reproduction and activation of fungi. As a result, thrush develops.
Risk factors for the development of thrush, the occurrence of thrush What are there risk factors for developing thrush
, vulvovaginal candidiasis?
1. Diabetes mellitus.
2. Taking antibiotics.
3. Reception of GOK, hormonal oral contraceptives.
4. Reception of cytostatics.
6. Decreased immunity.
7. Diseases of the blood.
8. Taking steroid medications.
9. Lack of vitamins in the body of a woman, a girl.
10. Diet disorders.
13. Use of panty liners.
14. Wearing synthetic panties.
15. Wearing a thong.
16. Wearing tight underpants.
17. Squeezing panties into the crotch.
18. The use of too tight or tight panties.
19. Going to the solarium.
20. Sunburn on the beach.
23. Work in rooms with high humidity.
Why is thrush dangerous? Effects
Thrush, when treated at home using folk methods, often turns into a chronic form, which is very difficult and difficult to cure. The waste products of fungi strongly allergize the woman's body. The chronic course of thrush alternates with periods of attenuation of the pathological process and its exacerbation, frequent thrush occurs. Aggravation of thrush is again accompanied by all unpleasant symptoms. And if thrush appears during pregnancy, then vulvovaginal candidiasis can provoke spontaneous miscarriages, increases the threat of termination of pregnancy, and increases the risk of infection of the fetus and newborn with fungi. Thrush does not go away on its own, it turns into a sluggish chronic form. Is it possible for a woman to do cunnilingus or oral sex during a thrush? No, oral candidiasis may occur. But what about anal sex? Also no. Why is thrush dangerous for the fetus? Fungal infection can affect various organs and systems of the fetus.
What to do if a woman has thrush?
1. You do not need to independently choose medications and self-medicate. Better to see a gynecologist. An inadequate choice of drugs often leads to chronic thrush. In this case, things get much more complicated and worse.
2. In no case should you stop treatment earlier than the due date. The disappearance of symptoms does not yet mean that you have got rid of all unnecessary fungi.
3. Poor and insufficiently carried out treatment contributes to the emergence of strains of fungi that become resistant to antifungal drugs. When treating relapses of thrush, you need to change the drugs.
Diagnosis of thrush, test in women and girls
In women: vaginal smear, PCR for Candida albicans, complete blood count (CBC), general urinalysis (OAM), blood glucose, microflora culture with determination of antibiotic sensitivity.
How is thrush tested in men and guys?
Microscopy of a stained smear of urinary tract discharge and PCR for Candida albicans is done, inoculation on microflora with determination of sensitivity to a / b.
What antifungal drugs can be used for thrush?
All antifungal drugs destroy pathogenic fungi. There are natural anti-fungal medicines, and there are synthetic ones. The main indications for use are vaginal candidiasis, that is, thrush and vaginitis caused by a fungal infection. Doctors often prescribe topical antifungal medications. These can be suppositories (vaginal suppositories) and vaginal tablets.
Less often, gynecologists prescribe ointments, gels, and creams. If local drugs are ineffective, then antifungal drugs for oral administration are prescribed - capsules.
Sometimes local and systemic drugs are combined. Sarclinic draws your attention to the fact that you cannot stop treatment when the symptoms disappear.
If there is a regular sexual partner, then he should also undergo a preventive course of treatment.
If you accidentally forget to take the next dose, in the future, as soon as you remember, you must definitely take it. Irregular premature, premature termination, missed doses contribute to the relapse of thrush.
Complex treatment reduces the risk of developing resistant strains of fungi.
Treatment of thrush at home Treatment of thrush at home
it is fraught with the transition of thrush into a chronic recurrent form. The folk method is to prepare a solution consisting of 1 tablespoon of soda, 1 teaspoon of iodine tincture of pharmacy, 1 liter of boiled water. The solution is poured into a bowl. You need to sit in a basin for 15 minutes.
Baking soda for thrush, treating thrush with baking soda, douching with baking soda for thrush Of the popular cheap ways, there is an old proven method - it is using baking soda. An inexpensive and effective remedy for thrush is a soda solution. Douching with baking soda
often used in villages. Sodium bicarbonate, or baking soda, can be used for candidiasis or thrush. Soda creates an alkaline environment, and Candida albicans very much dislikes an alkaline environment. Soda solution creates a normal environment in the vagina and inhibits the growth of fungi, which actively multiply with thrush. Soda has both antifungal and anti-inflammatory effects. How many days to douche with soda for thrush? 3 to 7 days! You can use a syringe or Esmarch mug. Without strong pressure, rinse the outer labia and vagina with a soda solution. The tip of the syringe must be disinfected after each syringe procedure. Boiled water at room temperature. You can wash yourself, or you can douche. Dissolve 1 tablespoon of baking soda in 1 liter of lukewarm boiled water. Baths, washing and douching with soda are widely used by all women with thrush. Also, soda can be used for thrush in children, thrush in men, thrush in pregnant women. How many times a day should you use a soda solution? Better 2 to 8 times a day! The curd from the vagina is perfectly washed out with a soda solution. Of course, antifungal drugs must be used in parallel. Intense itching and profuse white discharge quickly pass.
How to treat thrush in women? How to use topical antifungal drugs? what the best of thrush
? Of course, before the introduction of the suppositories into the vagina, pre-treatment must be carried out. With abundant discharge, you need to rinse the vagina with slightly warm boiled water, be sure to remove the curdled masses. We don't need cottage cheese. When rinsing the medication, it will be better to act on the genital mucosa.
What are the local reactions to antifungal drugs?
Microscopy of a stained smear of urinary tract discharge and PCR for Candida albicans is done, inoculation on microflora with determination of sensitivity to a / b.
The most common local adverse reactions are allergic reactions, irritation, and a burning sensation. The main contraindications are individual drug intolerance.
How to cure thrush in women? Nystatin, pimafucin, terzhinan, candida, candida I6, clotrimazole, gyno-pervaril, clion D 100, metromicon - neo, neo - penotran, ginesol 7, flucostat, mycoflucan, diflucan, fluconazole, mycosist, mycomax, itraconalazole, rumi , itrazol, irunin, orungamin.
Nystatin cheap for thrush Active substance - nystatin
is a part of such preparations as nystatin ointment 100,000 U / g, vaginal suppositories with nystatin 250,000 U and 500,000 U. An old drug to which many fungi have developed resistance. Acts when applied topically with suppositories. Often prescribed 1 suppository 2 times a day, in the morning and in the evening after washing. The course of treatment is from 10 to 14 days.
Pimafucin from thrush The active ingredient is natamycin. Pimafucin
has antifungal fungicidal effect. This is a modern drug, available in the form of such forms as vaginal suppositories 100 mg each, 2% cream in tubes of 30 g, enteric-coated tablets 100 mg each. Locally (suppositories and cream) are even prescribed to pregnant women and lactating breast milk. Used for vulvitis, vaginitis and vulvovaginitis. Doctors prescribe 1 vaginal suppository (100 mg) for 3 - 6 - 9 days (the duration of treatment is determined by a gynecologist in Saratov). The suppository is inserted into the vagina, while the woman lies on her back, the candle should be inserted as deeply as possible once a day, at night before going to bed. If a woman has a persistent recurrent thrush (that is, vaginitis caused by Candida albicans), then the doctor additionally prescribes oral tablets (100 mg 4 times a day for 5 to 10 days) to sanitize the focus of candidal infection in the intestine. To treat candidal lesions of the partner's genitals, a cream is used. In men, candidal balanoposthitis, which he can get from a woman with thrush, is treated with pimafucin cream. Apply the cream to the affected skin 1 to 3 times a day. The duration of the course of treatment is from 3 to 9 days, depending on the severity of the condition. After the disappearance of the symptoms of thrush, you need to continue treatment for another 2 to 5 days. Pimafucin cream can also be applied to the labia majora and labia minora, rubbed into the entrance of the vagina up to 3 times a day.
Terzhinan from thrush The main active ingredient is terzhinan. Terzhinan
Is a modern drug that has an antiseptic, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory effect. In addition to thrush, terzhinan treats trichomoniasis (trochomoniasis). Ternidazole has a trichomonacid effect. Neomycin sulfate is an aminoglycoside antibiotic. Nystatin has antifungal effects. Prednisolone has anti-inflammatory effects. The main indications for the use of terginan are bacterial vaginitis caused by banal pyogenic flora, fungal vaginitis caused by Candida albicans, Trichomonas vaginitis, vaginitis caused by a mixed infection (yeast-like fungi, anaerobic infection and Trichomonas). To prevent the development of infections, trejinan is used before gynecological operations, before abortion, childbirth, after and before the installation of a contraceptive coil, as well as after and before diathermocoagulation of the cervix. Terzhinan is actively used for hysterography and other intrauterine studies. Assign 1 vaginal tablet at bedtime. First, soak the tablet in water for 20 to 30 seconds, then insert it deeply into the vagina. Lie on your back for 15 minutes. Packs of 6 and 10 tablets. The minimum duration of the course of treatment of thrush with terginan is 10 days, and in case of a recurrent course, up to 16 - 20 days. If your period has come, then the treatment continues anyway.
Candide (vaginal tablets, vaginal gel), Candid-B6 (vaginal tablets) The active ingredient is clotrimazole. Candide (clitormazole) is widely used in the treatment of fungal infections. Vaginal candidiasis, thrush, trichomoniasis. A wide range of actions, applied topically. Has antiprotozoal, antifungal, antibacterial, antiprotozoal, trichomonacid effect. Has both fungicidal and fungistatic action against dermatomycetes (Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Trichophyton rubrum, Microsporum canis, Epidermophyton floccosum,) mold and yeast-like fungi (Torulopsis glabotorbicus, Candida spp, Candida orsp. Malassezia furfur). Kills the causative agent of erythrasma Corynebacterium minutissimum and Bacteroides, Staphylococcus spp, Bacteroides, Streptococcus spp, Gardnerella vaginalis, Trichomonas vaginalis. Clotrimazole vaginal tablets are injected deep into the vagina once a day in the evening. You can 500 mg once, or 200 mg for 3 days, or 100 mg for 7 days. Candid vaginal tablets should be inserted deep into the vagina, 500 mg once in the evening. Candid vaginal gel, lying on your back, should be injected daily into the vagina in the evening 1 time per day for 6 days. The applicator is filled with gel and inserted inside. Pills Candid-B6
inject deep into the vagina 100 mg (1 tablet) 1 time per day in the evening for 6 days.
Gyno-pevaril, vaginal suppositories The active ingredient is econazole nitrate. Gyno-pevaril
- a new effective local antifungal drug. Vaginal suppositories, 50 and 150 mg. Vaginal suppositories of 50 mg should be inserted deep into the vagina, in the supine position, at bedtime, for at least 14 days. When the symptoms of thrush cease, treatment should be carried out for 14 days, that is, until the thrush is completely cured. Even if itching, leucorrhoea will go away earlier. Inject 150 mg suppositories deep into the vagina, in the supine position, immediately before bedtime, for 3 days. In case of relapse 1 week after the treatment, repeat the course of treatment.
Klion D100, Metromicon-Neo, Neo-Penotran The active ingredient is metronidazole and miconazole. Klion D 100 moisten the vaginal tablet with water, insert it deeply into the vagina in the evening before going to bed for 10 days. Often combined with oral administration of a drug containing metronidazole. Candles metromicon-neo applied in different ways. 1 candle 2 times a day (morning and night) for 7 days. Or 1 candle 1 time per day before bedtime for 14 days. Vaginal suppositories are inserted deep into the vagina. Candles Neo-Penotran
more often used 2 times a day - in the morning and at night for 7 days. If there is a recurrent thrush, then apply for 14 days. Insert deep into the vagina using the disposable fingertips provided in the package.
Ginesol 7, vaginal suppositories The active ingredient is miconazole. Ginesol 7
insert deep into the vagina for 1 suppository before bedtime for 7 days.
Flucostat and its analogues, diflucan, diflazone, fluconazole, mycosyst, mykomax, mycoflucan capsules Active substance - fluconazole ... Has a systemic antifungal effect. There are side effects. Different manufacturers have different names: , flucostat diflucan
, diflazone, fluconazole, mycosist, mykomax, mycoflucan. Capsules for oral administration are taken at 150 mg once. To reduce the frequency of relapses, 150 mg once a month. If the persistent course of thrush, then after 1 week, take a second capsule of 150 mg.
Itrazol, Itraconazole, Rumikoz, Orungamin, Orungal, Irunin
The active ingredient is itraconazole. Irunin is available not only in capsules, but also in vaginal tablets. For thrush, apply 200 mg 2 times a day for 1 day, or 200 mg 1 time a day for 3 days. Introduce Irunin vaginal tablets into the vagina once in the evening before falling asleep. Bend your legs a little. Apply for 7 to 14 days.
Restoration of vaginal microflora and stimulation of local immunity
If thrush was associated with taking antibiotics, then they must be canceled. Important factors of recovery are the normalization of metabolism, stimulation of the immune system and restoration of normal vaginal microflora and vaginal acidity (the normal pH of the vagina should not be more than 4.5), the fight against intestinal dysbiosis.
Preparations for restoring the vaginal microflora and enhancing local immunity:
The best drugs for restoring the vaginal microflora and enhancing local immunity: vaginal tablets and suppositories: lactozhinal, acylact, ecofemin, lacticide, gynoflor, lactogin (vagilak). And also Vaginorm C, bifidumbacterin suppositories, kipferon. Inside, you can use normoflorin B, L. From folk methods - vaginal tampons with infusion of medicinal chamomile, tampons with kefir, honey (if there is no allergy), tampons with sea buckthorn oil.
Products for thrush What can you eat with thrush ? Cottage cheese and kefir, potatoes, pasta, garlic and yogurt, chicken, rice, buckwheat, turkey, veal, beef, vegetables, fish, seafood, olive oil. What can not be eaten with thrush
? You cannot eat milk, sweets, honey, chocolate, yeast baked goods, fruits, fruit juice, bananas, pineapple, jam, confiture, alcohol, beer, cheese, kvass, coffee, tea, canned food, watermelon, dried fruits, melon.
Prevention of thrush What prevention of thrush
? For the prevention of thrush, polyoxidonium, cycloferon, immunal, multivitamins are prescribed. An excellent means for hygiene of the female perineum area is liquid Lactacid Femina , there are also wipes, emulsion, mousse and gel. Lactacid Femina
it is used after taking antibiotics to restore normal vaginal microbiocenosis, after intercourse, during menstruation, during menopause, after fitness and sports, after being outdoors in hot weather, when taking oral hormonal contraceptives, when visiting swimming pools and saunas, with vaginitis , vulvovaginitis to stabilize acid-base balance and during diagnostic procedures in gynecology.
How to deal with thrush? You do not know, how to deal with thrush
? For thrush to pass quickly and easily, a woman needs to see a gynecologist, and a man needs a urologist. Say: "No to the thrush!" A good treatment regimen will help you get rid of thrush quickly and easily. If you have any questions about "how to remove thrush", you can ask the doctor a question online for free on the site sarclinic.ru. Do not self-medicate. Carefully read the instructions for the drugs, especially dosages, contraindications and side effects. This article is not an instruction for drugs and a reason for prescribing drugs. You can send reviews about medicines, drugs that you used for candidiasis treatment
, send interesting photos and stories about thrush.
Text: ® SARCLINIC | Sarclinic.com \ Sarlinic.ru Photo: (©) | Dreamstime.com \ Dreamstock.ru The woman in the photo is a model who does not suffer from the diseases described and / or all matches are excluded.
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Treatment of thrush with herbs
- Medicinal plants have long been used in medicine. Natural ingredients are rich in beneficial substances and have therapeutic efficacy that can rightfully be compared with some medications. With the help of herbs, they get rid of candidiasis. Consider the popular herbs for this disease.
- Chamomile - has analgesic, anti-allergenic and anti-inflammatory effects. Quickly heals wounds and accelerates the process of tissue regeneration. It can be used in the form of douching, baths and irrigation.
- St. John's wort is popular in various fields of medicine. Has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and astringent effect, heals wounds. Effective as a local remedy, and for oral administration.
- Calendula - has bactericidal and disinfectant properties. It is active against streptococcal and staphylococcal infections. In gynecology, it is used for douching, baths and tinctures for tampons.
- A series - has antiallergic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and sedative effect. Suitable for baths and douching, but can be taken as a tincture.
Oats, rose hips, knotweed - raise the pH level, alkalize the body and restore the normal intestinal microflora.
As a rule, herbal preparations, which consist of several herbal components, are prepared to quickly obtain a therapeutic effect. But do not forget that herbal medicine should be combined with medications prescribed by a doctor.
To eliminate thrush, you can use the properties of the tea tree. This plant is known for its antiseptic properties, it fights well against fungal infection, microbes and bacteria. Effective for lesions of mucous membranes and skin. Tea tree helps with dermatitis of various etiologies, herpes, shingles, eczema, for the healing of wounds, scratches and other skin lesions. The plant fights infections and diseases not only of the outer skin, but also of the mucous membrane. Helps with colpitis and vaginitis, eliminates leucorrhoea due to excessive vaginal secretion.
You can use tea tree oil internally and in the form of tampons, douches or baths. Before using it, you must consult a gynecologist. Since it is not uncommon for the symptoms of thrush to be signs of other more serious diseases.
- Popular recipes:
- For douching, add a drop of tea tree oil to a glass of warm purified water.
- Mix 5 drops of oil with ½ spoon of baking soda and dissolve the ingredients in 200 ml of warm water. The solution can be taken for douching and for baths.
- For internal use, mix a drop of medicated oil with 40 ml of water. Take 1 scoop before meals.
- Mix 3-5 drops of oil with sea buckthorn oil, lavender oil and aloe. Mix all the ingredients thoroughly and soak a cotton swab in the mixture. Place the tampon in your vagina overnight.
To enhance the therapeutic effect, drip a couple of drops of tea tree oil onto a clean sanitary napkin. In this case, the gaskets must be changed twice a day. Such use will have a calming and analgesic effect on damaged genital skin.
It should be remembered about the possible intolerance of the herbal component. Place a drop of oil on your skin to test for sensitivity. If itching, redness or burning appears, then this remedy is not suitable for you.
Elimination of vaginal fungal infection with chamomile is suitable for patients of all ages, including pregnant women. Chamomile has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and sedative properties. It is thanks to this that the plant has become widely used in the treatment of thrush. The pharmacological action is due to a complex of substances that make up the herb: chamazulene and mitrcinol. Hamazulen has an anti-inflammatory effect, accelerates regeneration processes and has an anti-allergic effect. Chamomile oil perfectly disinfects and relieves pain, which promotes rapid healing of damaged mucous membranes and skin.
- For medicinal purposes, douching with chamomile, infusions and decoctions are used.
- Pour a spoonful of dried chamomile flowers with 250 ml of boiling water and heat for 10-20 minutes. The infusion should be infused for 30-60 minutes. After that, it must be filtered and used as lotions, douches or for washing.
Pour a 1: 1 mixture of chamomile and calendula with a liter of boiling water and leave overnight. The infusion must be filtered and used for washing.
, , 
Flowers or calendula infusion will help to effectively cope with thrush. The plant contains enzymes, essential oils, tannins, phytohormones, glycosides and other components useful for women's health. Calendula has about 20 species that grow in almost every corner of the Earth. In gynecology, it has established itself as antimicrobial and bactericidal action, which is similar to the action of sufficiently strong antibiotics. The medicinal properties of the plant are based on an effective antifungal action.
Douching, lotions, baths and taking infusions are suitable for therapy. A strong herbal decoction is effective in treating candidiasis, vaginitis, cervical erosion, inflammation of the appendages, cystitis and many other female diseases. The plant has practically no contraindications and side effects. Douching with calendula is considered the most effective. It can be combined with other herbs such as chamomile.
- The juice and infusion of celandine is effective for thrush. The therapeutic effect is due to the alkaloids that make up the plant. Celandine contains about 20 of these chemicals. Moreover, most of all biologically active components are found in the root of the grass. Celandine is an effective anesthetic that fights viral and fungal infections, accelerates regeneration processes.
In a small saucepan, place a couple of tablespoons of fresh finely chopped or dry celandine herb, and cover with boiling water. Boil for 3-5 minutes and let it brew under the lid for an hour. As soon as the infusion has cooled down, it must be filtered, divided into two parts and douching performed. The procedures are best done twice a day - in the morning and in the evening. It is advisable to cook the broth every day for a week.
Please note that douching with celandine can cause dryness and a slight burning sensation in the vagina. These side effects will subside in a few days. The duration of therapy should not exceed 14 days.
, , 
Very often, oak bark is taken to eliminate the symptoms of a yeast fungal infection. The thing is that the herbal component effectively fights against the causative agent of thrush and minimizes unpleasant symptoms. Oak bark restores mucous membranes damaged by metabolic, disculatory and neurohumoral processes caused by a fungal infection.
- Herbal medicine is indispensable for thrush, as it has the following properties:
- Covers mucous membranes with a protective film, which prevents pathogenic microorganisms from penetrating into tissues.
- Tannins have regenerative properties, perfectly restore vessels and tissues damaged by the fungus.
Antiseptic and antimicrobial substances slow down the growth of opportunistic microorganisms, restore the balance of microflora.
There are several ways to use the plant for medicinal purposes. But douching, bathing and washing are best suited. To prepare the infusion, it is enough to pour boiling water over the bark, boil over low heat, let it cool and strain. It should be borne in mind that this method has contraindications, so it is better to consult a doctor before using it.
Aloe, like many medicinal plants, is excellent for treating yeast infections. It reduces painful symptoms, relieves itching and burning that occur with candidiasis. For medicinal purposes, juice and gel are used, which are obtained from the fleshy part of the leaf.
The plant has antifungal properties and destroys harmful microorganisms. Topical application soothes the affected skin and mucous membranes. To get the most out of a yeast infection, you will need a fresh aloe leaf. It must be incised, squeezed out the gel and applied to the affected areas. The gel and juice can be diluted with water and taken orally ½ cup twice a day before meals.
But, despite its usefulness and naturalness, aloe is not recommended during pregnancy and lactation, since oral use stimulates uterine contractions. In addition, the active substances penetrate with breast milk into the child's body, which is not very useful for the child. Frequent use of aloe can cause gastrointestinal diseases and diarrhea. In addition, the plant can cause allergic reactions. Therefore, it will not be superfluous to consult with your doctor.
Treatment of thrush with soda
Treating yeast with baking soda is one of the most common treatments recommended by both folk and traditional medicine. The mechanism of action of soda is based on the fact that the solution destroys the fungus, and the alkaline environment slows down its spread and leads to complete destruction. Soda is used for washing and douching.
- And douching and baths relieve all symptoms of the disease, relieve itching, redness, burning, help to eliminate cheesy discharge and unpleasant odor. The procedure is a lavage of the vagina, but it is better to carry out it after the consultation and approval of a doctor.
- In order to prepare a solution for washing, mix a spoonful of baking soda and a spoonful of iodine with a liter of warm water. Mix the ingredients well, pour the solution into a basin and sit in it for 10-15 minutes. The solution can be taken again by adding another spoonful of soda and iodine to it. The second procedure should last 20-25 minutes. To achieve a positive effect, 5-6 procedures are enough.
- For douching solution, take a liter of warm water and a teaspoon of baking soda. Dissolve the baking soda well and irrigate.
Please note that prolonged douching disrupts the normal composition of the vaginal microflora, which will only increase the symptoms of thrush and can lead to vaginosis. Therefore, this procedure is suitable as an aid to relieve unpleasant symptoms. The procedure is prohibited in the early stages of pregnancy, within a month after childbirth, with inflammation of the genitals or before visiting a gynecologist.
Treatment of thrush with kefir
In order to get rid of the candida yeast, traditional medicine offers recipes with kefir. Any dairy products, including kefir, are useful for thrush, as they strengthen the immune system, weakened by the disease, normalize the digestive tract, which is very important if therapy for oral candidiasis is needed. In addition to kefir, for a speedy recovery, it is necessary to take antifungal drugs prescribed by a doctor. This will completely eliminate the disease and prevent relapses.
- Kefir is taken for douching and tampons. Despite the fact that such treatment seems absurd at first glance, the effectiveness of the fermented milk drink has been confirmed by many gynecologists.
- Tampons - take a regular tampon or make it from a piece of gauze with a tightly stitched thread, dip it in kefir and insert it into the vagina. Before use, you can wash off with chamomile infusion, which has an antibacterial effect.
Douching - helps to cope with any type of fungal infection, both with damage to the genitals and the oral cavity. For the procedure, it is better to take fresh kefir, rich in lactobacilli.
If the disease is accompanied by strong cheesy discharge, then kefir with magnesia will help. Magnesia is mixed with warm water (spoon per liter), douching is carried out and a tampon with kefir is placed. It is better to resort to this method after consulting a gynecologist, since the reaction of the mucous membranes to the fermented milk product is individual for each patient.
Treating thrush with honey
Honey is prized for its medicinal properties and is used in many fields of medicine, including gynecology for vaginal fungal infections. The advantages of its use are obvious, it is a natural product, does not cause severe allergic reactions (abdominal pain, burning and itching of the genitals) and helps to restore skin irritated by the fungus.
- The use of honey helps to get rid of candida mushrooms in a short time, increase the protective properties of the immune system, eliminate itching, swelling and accelerate the healing of damaged mucous membranes. In each case, different methods of using honey help, consider them:
- Ingestion - helps to cope with fungal infections of the oral cavity. One spoonful in the morning on an empty stomach or a glass of honey drink is enough and the healing product will have an effect.
- Compresses - honey has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. With the help of lotions, itching, burning and irritation can be eliminated.
- Solution and baths - mix honey with water 1:10 and lubricate damaged skin and mucous membranes well. Dissolve 1-2 tablespoons of honey in the bathroom and sit in water for 10-15 minutes.
- Douching is the most popular therapy. Honey is dissolved in chamomile infusion and slowly injected into the vagina.
Tampons - have an anesthetic and antimicrobial effect. Wath tampon is impregnate with a solution of honey and water and gently enter into the vagina for 2-3 hours.
Treatment of thrush garlic
Garlic is a unique product that helps to cure the thrush at any stage. The plant is actively in therapy of bacterial, viral and fungal infections. To achieve the desired effect, it can be eaten, as it increases the protective properties of the immune system, and the body destroys the yeast infection.
Garlic can be used for douching. For the preparation of a solution, grind garlic tooth and fill 500 ml. The medication should be for 2-3 hours, after which it needs to be strain and conduct a procedure. For the complete disappearance of symptoms, 1-2 procedures in the knocks for 3-5 days are sufficient. Drying is better combined with the use of plants in food, as it will reduce the amount of yeast fungi in the gastrointestinal tract.
Treatment of thrush onions
The elimination of the vaginal candidiasis with a bow is a popular means of traditional medicine. The plant contains phytoncides that suppress and delay the growth of pathogens of microorganisms. Onions effectively helps to cope with diseases of the upper respiratory tract, stomatitis, purulent wounds and ulcers, diseases of the ears and fungal infection.
To combat the thrush, take the middle bodies, clean, shredtit and apply for gauze or a narrow bandage. Twist gauze in the form of a tampon and place in the vagina. Another option is to squeeze the juice on the tampon and enter into the vagina. Please note the bow can cause burning and easy irritation. The duration of therapy is to completely eliminate the symptoms of the disease.
Treatment of thrush lemon
- Limon is a real storehouse of vitamins that can be used to eliminate the yeast fungal infection. The fruit is rich in vitamins of group B, C and RR, contains essential oils, pectins, organic acids, sodium and other substances. Fruit has an antiviral action, therefore, most often used in colds. Moisturizes, softens and nourishes the skin, and the zest has antiseptic properties.
- When yeast infection, take one lemon, squeeze juice from it and dilute 200 ml of boiling water. The resulting solution is cooled to room temperature and make draise. Course 5-7 procedures.
Citrus helps to restore the body's protective forces and eliminate candidiasis faster. Lemon can be added to teas and other dishes. Divorced juice is suitable for baths and arms.
But using lemon juice must be careful. With a strong itch or high sensitivity, it will only make unpleasant symptoms and can provoke allergic reactions. It is contraindicated at elevated acidity of gastric juice, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, pancreatitis and allergies on citrus.
Treatment of dairy homeopathy
Homeopathy is used in the therapy of many diseases, including such gynecological problems as candidiasis. This method is resorted in the case when the classical methods did not give the expected results. Homeopathy is suitable for pregnant and nursing women, as well as children. Its advantage is that all the forces are not aimed at combating painful symptoms, but to eliminate the cause of the ailment.
As a rule, homeopathic agents are used for oral administration. The principle is to debug violations of the body, that is, the improvement of the condition of the hormonal background and increase the immune system. The effectiveness of the method depends on the right choice of the means, therefore it is not necessary to engage in self-medication. Since only a professional doctor may choose a suitable medicine, focusing on the complexity of the disease and its causes, as well as the financial capabilities of the patient.
- These drugs are quite safe, have a minimum of contraindications and do not cause allergic reactions:
- Mercurius Solubilis - effective in the presence of blisters and red spots on the skin and mucous membranes.
- Calendula, Echinacea - effective in the treatment of genital candidiasis, relieves dryness and inflammation from the genitals.
- Borax - helps with strong discharge, burning and redness of the genitals.
- Natrium Muriaticum - used to treat oral candidiasis, relieves pain, formations on the tongue and lips.
- Aconitum - eliminates itching, burning and dryness of the genitals.
- Sulfur - helps to get rid of an unpleasant odor and specific cheesy discharge, as well as itching and burning.
Acidum nitrikum - eliminates the inflammatory process in the vagina, minimizes pain and unpleasant symptoms of the disease.
Moreover, the most popular form of homeopathic medicines is suppositories. The demand for such drugs is due to the ease of use and a wide spectrum of action - antiseptic, antimicrobial, antifungal.
Treatment of thrush with laundry soap
- Very often you can hear about the elimination of thrush with the help of laundry soap. This "grandmother's method" seems absurd, but it has a right to exist. The soap contains sodium salts, natural and beneficial fatty acids that fight pathogenic microorganisms, but do not destroy beneficial microflora. Since the soap is alkaline, the fungus living in an acidic environment dies. This allows you to quickly get rid of burning, itching and cheesy discharge.
- Washing is used, the procedure is simple, but very effective. In order to eliminate the symptoms of the disease, you need to dilute the soapy solution to white and thoroughly wash the vagina with it. 1-2 hours after the procedure, you need to wash yourself with clean warm water.
In addition to washing, you can do baths with soapy water. Grind the soap on a grater, fill it with warm water until it is completely dissolved. It is recommended to do the baths no more than three times during the entire course of treatment, since laundry soap greatly dries the mucous membrane.
During therapy, you need to follow a diet, since treatment is necessary for the whole body. Sweets, fatty and fried foods should be excluded from the diet. The menu should be high in fiber, which will help restore digestion, a violation of which often leads to candidiasis.
Treatment of thrush with salt
- Salt has medicinal properties that accelerate the regeneration of damaged skin areas. We are talking about sea salt, which is used in cosmetology and medicine for dermatological diseases and any other skin lesions.
- Mix 20 g of sea salt with 250 ml of warm boiled water until completely dissolved. The resulting solution is used for washing. The procedure is best done in the morning and at bedtime for 14 days.
Mix a solution of sea salt with chamomile infusion. The product can be used for baths and washes. The duration of therapy should not exceed 10-14 days.
Treatment of thrush with vinegar
Eliminating candidiasis with vinegar is considered very effective as it has antibacterial properties. The substance helps in the treatment of many diseases, destroys fungal infection. Vinegar acts on yeast as an antifungal and antiseptic, gradually destroying the infection. For thrush, you can use both white and apple cider vinegar.
Suitable for douching and indoor use. 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar are diluted in 250 ml of water and taken throughout the day. For washing the vagina, it is better to take white vinegar, dilute 2 tablespoons in 250 ml of water. The procedure is recommended to be carried out no more than once a day, as this can negatively affect the pH level of the vaginal microflora and provoke dryness. If thrush is accompanied by severe itching, then you can soak a tampon in a solution of vinegar and water and insert it into the vagina, this will eliminate the discomfort.
Baths with vinegar are considered effective. To do this, add a glass of the product to the bath filled with water. The procedure is carried out within 10-30 minutes, and the therapeutic effect will be noticeable in a week. Choosing vinegar as a remedy for thrush, you need to go through the entire course of therapy for 7-10 days, since after the first symptoms are eliminated, relapses are possible.
Treatment of thrush with a beaver stream
Treating a vaginal yeast infection with a beaver jet is a very specific and unconventional method. Beaver Stream is a musky substance with bactericidal and healing properties. It is used for skin diseases, suppurations, trauma and infectious wounds, stimulates local immunity. It is a powerful agent in the fight against pyogenic infection, which is better than many antibiotics in its effectiveness.
The musky substance is used in many areas of medicine. With its help, pulmonary diseases, tuberculosis, pneumonia, cardiovascular diseases are eliminated. It can also be used by healthy people to maintain the immune system, as well as with frequent fatigue, loss of strength, depression and vitamin deficiency. Effectively and quickly treats urogenital lesions (impotence, prostatitis) and gynecological diseases.
It is used both externally and internally. Alcohol tincture can be purchased at a pharmacy. With thrush, it is recommended to do baths and wash with a solution, the course of therapy is 10-14 days. 2 tablespoons of tincture is diluted with 250 ml of water and taken throughout the day. In addition, you can make a tampon, soak it with a solution and insert it into the vagina. One application will eliminate the symptoms of fungal infection.
Treatment of thrush with tar soap
Tar soap is used in intimate hygiene, but the product is perfect for preventing yeast infections. It has a drying, resorption, reducing and anesthetic effect. Antibacterial properties eliminate inflammation and heal microtrauma.
Soap is a cosmetic safe product made of birch tar and soap base. It perfectly regenerates the epidermis and increases blood flow, helps to get rid of even the chronic stages of candidiasis. Suitable for washing in the morning and evening. Such intimate hygiene promotes wound healing, but does not dry out the vaginal mucosa.
Treatment of thrush by fasting
Fasting is necessary to cleanse the body and get rid of many diseases, including candidiasis. True, this method is controversial, since, in addition to a positive therapeutic result, it can cause serious changes in the body.
The fasting program is designed for 14-22 days and consists of several stages. First of all, this is the cleansing of the body from parasites and toxins and the stage of intensive recovery. The preparatory stage involves preparing the body for fasting. To do this, a few days before the planned treatment, it is necessary to cut back portions, switch to plant foods. This will relieve the body of severe stress and minimize possible side effects.
During the fasting period, it is necessary to take a complex of vitamins and minerals, since the body will not receive nutrients from food. You need to drink about 2-3 liters of purified water per day, this will speed up the cleansing process. This procedure is best done during vacation, as it can cause dizziness, headaches, increased fatigue and tachycardia. Physical activity is best minimized.
The correct way out of fasting is very important, since it depends on it how long the achieved result will last. For the first 3-5 days, you need to consume juices and fruit drinks diluted with water, for 5-7 days, liquid soups and cereals are gradually added to the diet, then vegetables and fruits. Such treatment not only relieves thrush and cleanses the body, but also helps to normalize weight.
Treatment of thrush with peroxide
In some folk recipes, hydrogen peroxide is found as a medicine for thrush. Hydrogen peroxide is effective against injuries and infections of the skin, has hemostatic and antimicrobial properties. Peroxide is a colorless liquid with a faint but distinctive odor. When it comes into contact with the damaged area of the skin under the influence of enzyme systems, the substance gives off oxygen, providing an antiseptic and deodorizing effect. In the therapy of candidiasis, it is used as a fungistatic and fungicidal substance.
Treatment begins with douching with a solution. The medication is a powerful antiseptic, so it will help restore the normal microflora of the vagina and get rid of the yeast infection. For douching, you need a special pear, which can be purchased at the pharmacy. To prepare the solution, take 0.5 liters of boiled chilled water and mix with a spoonful of a 3% peroxide solution. Take a comfortable position and inject the solution into the vagina in small portions. To enhance the therapeutic effect, you can add a couple of drops of tea tree oil, a decoction of chamomile or oak bark to the concentrate.
Despite its therapeutic properties, the drug has a number of contraindications. Peroxide is prohibited in acute inflammation of the internal genital organs, ulcers and erosions of the vaginal mucosa. The drug is not used during pregnancy and the postpartum period, with menstrual flow and violations of the normal microflora of the vagina.
Treatment of thrush with brilliant green
You can get rid of candidiasis with the help of brilliant green, it is these recommendations that offer alternative medicine methods. Diamond green is a powerful oxidizing agent for bioorganics, its principle of action is the oxidation and destruction of microorganisms, that is, disinfection of the damaged surface. Zelenka envelops the wounds with an antibacterial film, which allows it to have a disinfecting effect for a long period of time.
When applied to the outer skin of the genitals, brilliant green strongly dries the damaged skin, turning it into a crust. The composition of the medication includes alcohol, therefore, after application to the delicate tissues of the mucous membrane, swelling may appear. It is needed for douching and baths.
To prepare the correct solution, take 3% hydrogen peroxide and 1: 1 pure water, add 3-5 drops of brilliant green to the solution and mix. For douching, use a sterile syringe or vaginal enema. The procedure is best done in the morning, once a day. Morning douching will relieve severe itching during the day and minimize the amount of cheesy discharge, lasting 5-7 days.
Treatment of thrush with tetraborate
Sodium tetraborate is a raster of borax in glycerin. It has bacteriostatic properties, it is used for douching, rinsing, treatment of diaper rash and bedsores. When eliminating the yeast Candida, it acts on the mycelium of the fungus, removing them from the mucous membrane and inhibiting the development of infection. In this case, the substance is not a medicine with antifungal properties, but it is very effective in the early stages of candidiasis.
As a rule, douches, tampons and washings are used. First, you need to rinse the vagina with a solution of potassium permanganate, and then put a tampon with a thin layer of sodium tetraborate for 40 minutes. It is better to carry out the procedure once a day for three days. After the first use, itching, redness and discomfort disappear. After a three-day course, the fungal infection is suppressed.
Treatment of thrush with boric acid
Elimination of candidiasis with boric acid belongs to the methods of traditional medicine, but due to contraindications, it can be used only after medical permission. Boric acid is a substance with anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. In medicine, it is needed for deodorization and disinfection, has antifungal and anti-pediculosis properties. Restores the pH of the vaginal microflora and inhibits the spread of fungal infection.
- The acid is available in the form of capsules and powder for solution. Capsules are used intravaginally, and solution for douching and baths.
- On average, the course of treatment with capsules lasts 7 days. The therapeutic effect occurs on the second day of therapy, but to consolidate the result, the capsules are reapplied a month later, 2 times a day for a week. The capsules can cause a burning sensation and discomfort in the vagina, in which case you must stop using the product and consult a doctor.
Boric acid in powder is used for douching solutions. A teaspoon of the substance must be dissolved in 250 ml of boiled water. In the resulting solution, you need to moisten a tampon and put it in the vagina for 2 hours, then replace it with a new one.
Boric acid is a poisonous and hazardous substance, long-term use can cause side effects such as: nausea, vomiting, allergic skin reactions, diarrhea. In addition, massive desquamation of the epithelium is possible. Not used to treat candidiasis in pregnant women.
Treatment of thrush with bifidumbacterin
Bifidumbacterin for candidiasis effectively restores the vaginal microflora and normalizes the acidity level. That is, the substance promotes self-cleaning of the affected organ. As a rule, it is prescribed after a course of antifungal therapy. It changes the acidity of the vaginal environment, suppressing the reproduction of harmful microflora, stimulates the restoration of local tissue immunity.
The medicine is released in the form of a solution and vaginal suppositories. These forms of release are used intravaginally, but oral administration is possible to eliminate candida fungi in the intestine. To prepare the solution, take 10 doses of the substance (the lyophilisate powder is suitable for both topical use and for oral solutions) and a spoonful of warm water. In the resulting liquid, it is necessary to moisten a tampon and put it in the vagina for 3-4 hours. Suppositories are administered twice a day, and the duration of therapy is from 7-10 days.
Treatment of brown thrush in glycerin
- Borax in glycerin is a therapeutic agent used to eliminate thrush. Despite the impressive age of this recipe, it is still popular today. Pharmacological name - sodium tetraborate solution. On sale you can find a 20%, 10% and 5% solution. Borax is used for fungal diseases, stomatitis, tonsillitis and bedsores. It has antiseptic properties, therefore it is suitable for external treatment of affected areas and the treatment of infectious diseases of the respiratory tract.
- It helps to get rid of thrush, the course of therapy is 3-7 days. Every day, it is necessary to treat the vagina with a drug 3-4 times. As a rule, painful symptoms go away after 1-2 procedures, but to prevent relapses, it is better to go through the entire course.
Before use, it is recommended to douche with decoctions of herbs (chamomile, sage, oak bark) or a weak solution of potassium permanganate and warm water. A cotton swab is moistened in the solution and inserted into the vagina for 10-30 minutes. It is better to lie down during the procedure. If itching or burning appears, then the tampon must be removed.
They are used only externally and in the dosage prescribed by the doctor. Self-change of the drawn up therapy regimen or dose can minimize the positive result of treatment and harm health. Do not use during pregnancy and lactation, with individual intolerance to the components of the product and with mechanical damage to the affected mucous membranes. Borax acts on the site of infection. Effective in the complex therapy of the disease.
Treatment of thrush with chlorhexidine
Chlorhexidine is a popular remedy for treating candidiasis symptoms. Possesses a wide spectrum of action, bacteriostatic, antiseptic and bactericidal properties. Has established itself in many branches of medicine, in particular in surgery, gynecology and dentistry.
When eliminating candidiasis, it has a detrimental effect on yeast and many bacteria, stopping their reproduction and growth. As a rule, it is used for douching, but it is also available in the form of vaginal suppositories. The procedure is carried out in a horizontal position, after hygienic manipulations. The solution should be injected slowly, as soon as the required amount is injected into the vagina, it should be kept in a horizontal position for 15-20 minutes to avoid premature leakage of the medication. Douching is carried out once a day, the course of therapy is 7-10 sessions. Chlorhexidine is well tolerated, therefore it is allowed during pregnancy.
Treatment of thrush with potassium permanganate
A solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate crystals) is used to treat infected wounds and surfaces. The substance is represented by small crystals of blue-violet color with a shiny sheen. The color of the solution directly depends on its concentration. A freshly prepared solution has a pronounced oxidizing activity and antimicrobial effect. But, despite the antimicrobial effect, in gynecology, potassium permanganate has not established itself as an effective substance. The concentrated solution can cause burns to the mucous membrane, so only douching is used.
- Features of douching:
- An illiterate procedure can cause vaginitis.
- It is used to prevent fungal and infectious infections after childbirth, but as prescribed by a doctor.
- The solution dries the vaginal mucosa, which is detrimental to both fungi and beneficial microflora.
- The concentrated solution can cause burns and erosion.
It is used as an auxiliary method of therapy in combination with antifungal drugs.
The mechanism of action of potassium permanganate is to neutralize the enzymes and toxins of the fungus, which normalizes the acid-base balance of the vagina. To prepare the solution, take 250 ml of boiled water and 0.2 g of potassium permanganate. The ingredients are thoroughly mixed until the crystals are completely dissolved. A new solution is prepared for each procedure. The therapy is carried out twice a day for 3-6 days. This method is considered an extreme in the treatment of candidiasis, so if there is an opportunity it is better to use soda or herbal decoctions and infusions.
Treatment of thrush with chlorophyllipt
Chlorophyllipt is used for the treatment of candidiasis, as it has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. The substance is created on the basis of eucalyptus leaf extract. Available in the form of alcohol and oil solution, tablets and spray. For therapy, take a 1% alcohol solution, which is diluted in 50 ml of warm water. Great for douching and bathing.
The procedure is best done twice a day, that is, in the morning and before bedtime. The external genital organs are treated with a solution or spray. An oily 2% solution is needed to moisten tampons, which help to stop a yeast infection. The procedure is carried out 2-3 times a day for 5-7 days. Chlorophyllipt tablets and injection solution are not used to treat thrush. The medication is prescribed by the attending physician.
Treatment of thrush with iodinol
To eliminate candidal infection, many medicines are used, including iodinol. The substance consists of molecular iodine, which has a disinfecting effect. This provides an antifungal antimicrobial effect. As a rule, patients are prescribed douching (the drug is diluted with water 1: 1).
Iodine suppositories have therapeutic properties. The main component of the drug is povidone iodine. It blocks the amino group of the protein at the cellular level, which has extensive antimicrobial effects. Suppositories are inserted as deep as possible into the vagina. The procedure is carried out twice a day for 5-7 days.