Painting of walls: Instructions for those who are not painted at all - Lifehaker

1. Prepare tools and materials

Here is a list of what you need:

  • paint;
  • Wide roller;
  • narrow roller;
  • roller extension;
  • brush;
  • Wide brush;
  • Paint tray;
  • shovel;
  • painting tape;
  • film;
  • gloves;
  • screwdriver.

2. Calculate the number of paint

In order not to run to the store for the missing bank, it is important to immediately estimate the desired amount of material. To do this, it is necessary to divide the area of ​​the walls to the consumption of paint, multiply by the number of layers and add 10-15% about the supply. As an example, we calculate how many paints will be needed for the room (4.5 × 3 m) with one window (1.4 × 1.6 m) and the door (2.1 × 0.7 m). The height of the ceilings is 3 m.

First find the total surface area. To do this, calculate the perimeter of the room and multiply it to the height of the ceilings.

(4.5 + 4.5 + 3 + 3) × 3 = 45 m²

Now we define the clean paint area. To do this, we calculate the area of ​​window and doorways, and then subtract it from the total area of ​​the walls.

45 - (1.4 × 1,6 + 2.1 × 0.7) = 41.29 m²

And finally, learn how much paint will need. To do this, the color area is separated by paint to the square meter (specified on the label), multiply on the number of layers (usually two) and add 15% about the supply.

(41.29 ÷ 10) × 2 + 15% = 9.5 liters

3. Remove or protect everything that interferes

Before starting work, you must remove everything too much too much and protect against spray surface that will not be painted.

Remove the furniture and all other items, and the fact that you can not be removed, put in the middle of the room and cover the film. It also bite the heating radiators or remove them. Tight film or multiple layers of newspapers are offered floors.

Painting of walls: Remove or protect everything that interferes
Illustration: Artem Kozoriz / Lifehaker

Deraink outlets and switches, remove the covers from them and swipe the painting ribbon. Also take the plinths, platbands, the edges of slopes and other adjacent surfaces so as not to spat them.

4. Prepare the walls

Prepare walls to painting
Illustration: Artem Kozoriz / Lifehaker

When painting, the surface must be perfectly smooth. Otherwise, the paint will fall unevenly and all the flaws then will be shown even more.

Spatula Remove the layers of old paint and wallpaper well, clean the surface. Sharpen all the smallest cracks, dents and irregularities, and after complete drying, carefully stabbing fine-grained skin.

5. Apply the primer

How to paint the walls: apply primer
Illustration: Artem Kozoriz / Lifehaker

Before painting the wall, it is necessary to predict: after such a paint processing, the paint will fall evenly and it will be better to stay. In addition, due to the decrease in the absorption of the surface, the paint consumption will significantly decrease.

Using a wide roller with an average pile, apply primer on the walls. Make sure that there are no untreated areas. Do not hurry and do not allow flocks. Give the soil to dry. It usually takes about 2 hours, the exact time is indicated on the label.

6. Prepare paint

How to paint the walls: Prepare paint
Illustration: Artem Kozoriz / Lifehaker

Within a few minutes, mix the paint with a wooden shovel. You can use a mixer, but on the smallest revs to prevent the formation of bubbles.

Fill the paint tray for about a third: if you pour more, the roller roller will be inconvenient. Immediately closely close the bank so that the paint does not fall asleep.

If you wrap the tray with a layer of foil, then after work it will be enough to remove and throw it away. The same bath will remain clean.

Do not dip the roller completely. Rolled it several times on the surface of the paint, and then along the top of the tray to evenly distribute the material. Pre-moisten the roller in the water and squeeze: so the paint is better in the fur coat and from the very beginning it will be good to apply on the wall.

7. Make challenges

For a better result and faster work, all the angles and contours of the adjoins are neatly scored, and then the main surface. There are two main options for performing a tank.

Painting of walls: Make the corners
Illustration: Artem Kozoriz / Lifehaker

The first: Using a small brush, slowly squeeze the strips of 5-7 cm wide along the ceiling baguettes, in the corners, at plinths, and also around radiators of heating, sockets and switches. To protect the ceiling, you can stick the blade of the spatula with a painter ribbon and, applying it into the angle, calmly paint with a brush.

Second option: Put the adjoining to the ceiling and other surfaces with painting scotch, by after bypassing the joke with a spatula, so that the paint does not register there. You do not need to smooth the entire surface of the tape, otherwise the scotch then it will be hard to remove.

Scotch on the ceiling additionally can be scratched on the edge of white paint: so it will immediately fall into the gap and after painting the wall with another color the border will be perfect.

8. Apply the first layer of paint

Painting of walls: Apply the first layer
Illustration: Artem Kozoriz / Lifehaker

Before starting work, you should close the doors and windows to exclude drafts and save moisture - so the paint will be slowing slower and evenly. Additionally, it is possible to spray water with a sprayer, as well as flush the windows with a film to protect against direct sunlight.

If the paint is thick, then for the first layer it can be diluted according to the instruction on the bank - usually 5-10% of pure water are added to the total volume. In order not to remain the bands, do not save and dial enough paint on the roller.

Cut the pile at the edges of the roller at an angle of 45 °, and the joints of the adjacent bands will not be as noticeable.

Start painting from the corner. Using a roller extension, ride them with solid bands from the ceiling to the floor without stopping. Each subsequent strip must be superimposed on the previous one by 3-4 cm.

Uniformly distribute the paint, trying not to make a layer too thick. Gradually move from one corner to another. Do not stop until you add a wall, and only then go to the next or take a break.

9. Apply the second layer

Wall painting: Apply the second layer
Illustration: Artem Kozoriz / Lifehaker

You can start the next layer color only after drying the previous one, otherwise the roller will tear the paint and all work will go to the pump. In the warm season, you usually need about 2 hours, see the exact time in the instructions for the paint.

The second layer should be painted in the same way as the first one, the only difference is that it is no longer necessary to dilute the paint.

10. Remove the painting tape

Painting of walls: Remove the painting tape
Illustration: Artem Kozoriz / Lifehaker

After everything is painted, it is important to remove the scotch that protects the contours and the adjoining walls. Make it need 15-20 minutes after applying the second layer. If you knead, the paint will dry and the painting tape will tear it. Act carefully not to damage the cant paint.

For a complete drying, about a day depending on the temperature in the room and the type of paint used.

With a moderate budget and desire to have a refreshing repair in the room quickly, you can resort to staining of the walls. Modern products allows you to get a beautiful design of the surface without difficulty. You can paint the walls with your own hands, the process does not cause special difficulties. The main thing is to act in stages and choose the appropriate option for the house to get a high-quality and durable result that will delight the eye of the tenants. On how to paint the walls in the apartment will be told next.

Painting Walls

Pros and cons of painted walls

Painting of the walls can be a good option for decoration. However, to make a right decision, it is worth understanding the positive sides of the process and negative. The following features of wall coloring can be distinguished:

  • The preparatory stage before staining the surface, allows you to get an improved type of surface, which will serve longer thanks to this;
  • Performing the correction of an old coating, if used paint, it will be easily, possibly a quick tinction of spoiled zones;
  • The painted surface can wash, it helps to get rid of stains that may appear with time;
  • Paint does not attract the attention of pets, for this reason, it is not necessary to worry about the integrity of the material;
  • There are a large number of types of paints that help to choose the appropriate option under the designed design;
  • Colorful product colors set, which also contributes to a light selection of the required shade;
  • There are textured types of paints that help imitate dear types of finishes, and look pretenuate;
  • Acceptable cost of work.
Painting of walls in the interior

There are a large number of species of paints that help to choose the appropriate option under the intended design.

With a large number of advantages, it is in the painting of walls in the apartment and the minuses, without knowing the final decision not worth:

  • To get a smooth coating, you will have to qualitatively prepare the surface, the paint emphasizes any flaw, the process is often complicated for newcomers, although, of course, such training is useful for housing;
  • Paintwork material is allowed to wash, but it has a property of attracting dust, requiring frequent care;
  • Resistance to mechanical damage to coloring substances not at the highest level;
  • High quality paint material can cost expensive, will not save.
Grinding of walls

To get a smooth coating, you will have to prepare a high quality surface.

Paints for residential rooms

Residential rooms require the properties of harmlessness for human health, the factor of creating a beautiful coating is also important. If we are talking about the children's room you need the ease of washing the surface. It is desirable that the composition does not exhibit a strong smell and dried in a short time.

Painted walls in children's

Residential rooms require the properties of harmlessness for human health, the factor of creating a beautiful coating is also important.

Water-based paints

As part of their binding link, water is used, it makes safe, they also quickly dry. Composite elements may be somewhat different, then different characteristics are obtained, but it remains unity.

Staining of walls

As part of their binding link, water is used, it makes safe, they also quickly dry.

Water-emulsion

The water-emulsion species is characterized by the greatest demand. It is easy to operate with them, the resulting coating passes the air, creating a good microclimate indoors. A wide range of colors is presented, two layers of the means are usually applied. For a beautiful effect, it is necessary to thoroughly align the walls, do not withstand strong mechanical shots.

Water-emulsion paint

The water-emulsion species is characterized by the greatest demand.

Water-dispersion silicone

This type of LKM has the best properties. Safe, do not miss moisture, while vapor-permeable, do not attract dirt, can wash, do not require the preparation of an ideally equalized wall, can cover defects to 2 millimeters. Minus high cost.

Photo of silicone paint

Safe, do not miss moisture, while vapor-permeable, do not attract dirt.

Acrylic water dispersion

The optimal option for staining walls indoors. It has all the necessary properties, with the cost of low. The possibility of washing even with detergent, makes the tool even more in demand.

Acrylic paint

The optimal option for staining walls indoors.

Decorative texture paints

This option is to get an unusual coating, the surface will not be smooth, but it will appear on it a specific pattern. There are many types of decorative paint, which can create a variety of styles on the walls. Requires the skill of work, the manufacturer in the instruction prescribes the rules of work, if necessary, you can paint yourself.

Decorative paint

This option is to get an unusual coating, the surface will not be smooth, but it will appear on it a specific pattern.

Paints for bathrooms, kitchens and corridors

The bathroom and kitchen should be stained with a means that resistant to moisture. They also need the possibility of washing the surface. Suitable for this purpose acrylic and silicone species, and several others. It is described in detail below.

Painted walls in the bathroom

The bathroom and kitchen should be stained with a means that resistant to moisture.

Alkid formulations

They are distinguished by high levels of resistance to temperatures, high humidity and possess a vapor-permeable property. But when working sharply smells, and after the expiration of yellow divorces appear on the surface. For work, you need to qualitatively prepare the basis.

Alkyd paint in the bathroom

They are distinguished by high levels of resistance to temperatures, high humidity and possess a vapor-permeable property.

Silicate-based paints (liquid glass)

Silicate paints are highlighted by their antiseptic property, which is important for bathrooms and kitchens. However, they cannot be applied on top of the old paint, and another material can also be painted on them, it will take to remove the old finish. They are harmful to health before drying.

For this reason, the work should be carried out only in the respirator and protective clothing.

Painted walls in the kitchen

Silicate paints are highlighted by their antiseptic property, which is important for bathrooms and kitchens.

Required tools

Before painting the walls, you need to prepare not only the surface, but also tools. For repair, you will not need to acquire a lot of tools:

  • Roller;
  • Tassel - narrow and wide;
  • Special cuvette.

With a smooth surface, the roller with a short pile is chosen, if there is a rough surface, rollers with an average pile are suitable.

In advance, you need to calculate the flow to know how much paint will buy. How to calculate the number of paint for the walls? The flow rate indicated on the package, which is prescribed in kilograms per square meter, is multiplied with the area of ​​the room.

Photo of painting tools

Before painting the walls, you need to prepare not only the surface, but also tools.

Preparation of the surface of the wall

Preparation of an important stage before staining. It is necessary to remove the old coating to get the best degree of adhesion. The surface is cleared of all types of dirt and degreases. Then it is ground, if necessary, defects are closed with putty to get a smooth coating.

Dismantling paint

It is necessary to remove the old coating to get the best degree of adhesion.

Design painting walls

Designers offer many variants of surface staining. It is important to determine not only with what paint paint the surface, but also with the order and type of color. To do this, you can explore the descriptions of the design following.

Painted walls in the interior

Designers offer many variants of surface staining.

Horizontal separation into two or three zones

The separation of the room horizontally from the line of two colors is often used. To get a flat line, the beginners should be used by the painting scotch, which you need exactly in terms of the level of color crossing the colors. Usually the bottom is painted with a dark shade, above light. If you don't succeed in painting, you can resort to shook molding to hide flaw.

Horizontal separation of walls of paint

Usually the bottom is painted with a dark shade, above light.

Fascination with the wall

You can easily create original design, if you paint one wall in another shade. A darker shade of one color can be applied or a contrast. The second option is more suitable for children. In the bedroom it is better not to resort to this bright reception. The technology is easy, it is important to choose after correct decor elements.

Fascination with the wall

You can easily create original design, if you paint one wall in another shade.

Horizontal strip

A wide strip of another color is done, about the eye level. Thus, emphasize the details of the decor. In the hallway, this technique will help expand visually space.

Horizontal strip on the wall

Thus, emphasize the details of the decor.

Striped walls

Apply the effect only on one wall, otherwise the design will be overloaded. Choose shades approximate to each other. You can paint in one color of the strip, but with a different effect - matte and glossy.

Striped Wall

Choose shades approximate to each other.

Selection of some details of the interior

To visually increase the space, you can paint the angular parts of the room and doorways with a dark tone. Also in a separate color, they emphasize the recesses in the wall, shelves and other elements.

Room interior

To visually increase the space, you can paint the angular parts of the room and doorways with a dark tone.

Combination with other materials

Below will be the original options, how to paint the walls in the apartment with your own hands for novice designers. The use of different finishing materials can create a beautiful effect.

Photo interior living room

The use of different finishing materials can create a beautiful effect.

Wallpaper and painting

Wallpaper sticking with painting can emphasize a separate area of ​​the room, divide them into different parts. It is possible to glue a contrast pattern, or combined.

Combining wallpaper with painting

Wallpaper sticking with painting can emphasize a separate area of ​​the room, divide them into different parts.

Wall mural and painting

Photos are highlighted by neutral shades of paints. The main focus of the room is allocated, you can also continue the part of the elements on the painted part, hiking with stencils.

Wall mural and painting

Photos are highlighted by neutral shades of paints.

Plaster and painting

Decorative plaster, which has a bulk species, is often painted. Typically, dark tones are applied to the first layer, followed by a lighter, and separate parts are distinguished the brightest tone.

Painted plaster

Decorative plaster, which has a bulk species, is often painted.

Tree and painting

The tree can look good with a painted wall. If the walls are made from expensive wood, the focus is on them, the paint is selected for it. If cheaper materials are applied, the painted walls are focused.

Combining painting and wood

The tree can look good with a painted wall.

Stone and painting

The stone can be painted after the plaster layer, or emphasize the individual elements of the room, on the background of the paint, the stone is laid out in the form of the frames near the windows, doors, fireplaces.

Decorative stone in the interior

The stone can be painted after the plaster layer, or emphasize the individual elements of the room.

Brick and painting

Brick can be combined in the same way with a painted surface, like a stone masonry. Both options look unusual.

Combination painting and brick

Brick can be combined in the same way with a painted surface, like a stone masonry.

3-d panels and painting

The 3rd panels are characterized by their texture, so they can look good against the background of a flat scratched wall, create some contrast. The principle of combination is the same as stone and bricks.

3rd panels in the interior

The 3rd panels are characterized by their texture, so they can look good against the background of a flat scratched wall, create some contrast.

Features painting walls of different materials

To obtain the desired result after staining, work must be carried out with regard to the features of the base. After all, each material requires compliance with a number of nuances.

Staining of walls in the apartment

To obtain the desired result after staining, work must be carried out with regard to the features of the base.

Wooden walls

Step-by-step instructions for working with wood includes compulsory applying of primer. Paint should be selected with a good vapor-permeable property.

Painting tree

Paint should be selected with a good vapor-permeable property.

Brick walls

Cleaning the surface with water is carried out seven days before painting. Walls are ground. Brickwork can be painted with acrylic and alkyd painting substances.

Painting bricks

Brickwork can be painted with acrylic and alkyd painting substances.

Concrete walls

Concrete will absorb all paint, if not to be treated with a primer solution of deep penetration. Latex and epoxy LKM are suitable.

Primer concrete

Concrete will absorb all paint, if not to be treated with a primer solution of deep penetration.

Wallpaper

Painting over the wallpaper makes it possible to repaint at any time. For this purpose, a water-level paint is selected, the water base eliminates the presence of diluents.

Photo of painted wallpaper

Painting over the wallpaper makes it possible to repaint at any time.

Plasterboard

Plasterboard material that is applied to the painting putty, plaster and primer solution. Can be selected based on acrylic and silicone.

Plucking of drywall

Plasterboard material that is applied to the painting putty, plaster and primer solution.

Plaster

You should create a perfectly leveling surface, remove all small flaws. It will be necessary to apply two layers to cover the porous structure.

Grinding of walls

You should create a perfectly leveling surface, remove all small flaws.

How to paint the walls in the apartment do it yourself

Before painting the walls spend their preparation, the rules of work were told earlier. Tool for painting, you can choose brushes and rollers. The main part of the walls is better painted with a roller with a long handle, hard-to-reach places are processed with brushes. Some paints can be applied to the spray. Typically, two layers are made to not leave not scratched areas.

Painting of the walls of paintopult

Some paints can be applied to the spray.

Special paint application technologies and additional materials

To create the original coating apply new technologies. An example is the effect of "enchanted lake". Special paints are used for this purpose, several layers are applied and through the stencils are created on the wall of the drawings.

You can also note the effect of the "Golden Rune" on the surface. The first layer of white is painted with a rubber spatula, the next color roller, after the surface we grind the sandpaper to appear white color.

Decorative painting of walls

To create the original coating apply new technologies.

Tips for masters for painting of walls do it yourself

To make it easier for painting, it is necessary to pay special attention to the surface preparation. In this case, if the wall requires alignment, you can resort to the masters service. When choosing a dyeing agent, the type of base, work also requires knowledge of subtleties with different materials, they have been described earlier.

Stuccoing wall

To make it easier for painting, it is necessary to pay special attention to the surface preparation.

Painting the surface is a quick and easy option to update the interior of the room. The construction market offers a huge number of different types of LKM. If you wish, you can create not only a smooth coating, but also textured. It is important to act according to the instructions to get the required result.

Video: how to paint the walls

Independent painting of walls - creative and useful work. It allows you to embody any fantasies and give the facilities to the room. Painted surfaces are practical, it is easy to clean with a soapy solution from dirt. In mechanical impacts there is the possibility of restoration of only a damaged area.

Wall painting is not only practical, but also in economical coating. The various compositions differ in the technology of application, type of coating, technical characteristics.

The success of the case depends on the proper preparation of the walls and compliance with the sequence of actions. Before work, you should make sure enough material and the availability of all tools.

Rules Coloring inland walls - Collection of paint, surface preparation, application technology
Rules Coloring inland walls - Collection of paint, surface preparation, application technology

Selecting paint

The coloring agent is chosen taking into account the appointment of the future room or surface. For example, in the bathroom or kitchen elevated the level of humidity. This requires the use of special composition.

The universal option is the water-level paint for the following reasons:

  • environmental friendliness;
  • fire safety;
  • No sharp smell;
  • non-toxic.

Paints for interior decoration are classified by:

  • Dissolved with water. Will be an excellent solution for internal work. Main advantages: safety, high ecology, prostate of use, coating strength, lack of toxins, fire resistance. This type does not form subtops and does not spread. All tools after coloring is enough to rinse under water.
  • Diluted with solvents. The painted surface has high hydrophobic characteristics, it is permissible to use most household compositions. The coating is durable and resistant to mechanical effects. The only drawback is a sharp smell, harmful to human health.
  • Acrylic basis. The compositions are relevant for wet premises, when using aggressive detergents. They have high strength characteristics, well established when operating in rooms with a large crossway. High vapor permeability eliminates the appearance of condensate. Applied exclusively on dry walls.

Choose paint better with a long drying period. This allows components to evenly absorb and get into all the pores. The primer and the helmet is better to use from one manufacturer.

According to the composition share:

  • water-emulsion;
  • acrylic;
  • latex;
  • silicone;
  • based on PVA;
  • alkyd;
  • Eco-paint.

The most fiscal option is water-emulsion paints. However, they have low practicality: gather dirt and dust. Well fit for ceilings. The walls are caused by a loontinate and acrylic water-based water membrane.

Acrylic paints are the perfect option for public spaces. They are wear-resistant, retain the color when exposed to sun rays, drier quickly.

Latex paints form a thin layer on the wall, which allows you to transfer wallpaper or plaster texture. Coating moisture resistant and protects against mechanical damage. The only drawback is low vapor permeability.

Rules Coloring inland walls - Collection of paint, surface preparation, application technology
Rules Coloring inland walls - Collection of paint, surface preparation, application technology

The alkyd type is similar to latex, creates a solid and moistureproof coating, allows you to breathe walls.

Oil paints dissolve oliff, which affects drying speed. Their cost is low. There is no vapor permeability, which causes the destruction of the surface under the paint.

Silicone paints wear-resistant, vapor-permeable, moisture resistant. In most cases, use for external work.

Environmental paints are made of natural components. They are safe for health, but quite the road.

Paint for kitchen and bathroom

Paints are suitable for the kitchen, which create a durable and washable layer (latex, acrylic-latex). They absorb moisture well, fat and do not allow to appear mold.

The kitchen beautifully looks at glossy or pebble surfaces. They give the wall amazing evenness and do not absorb dirt. Drying and irregularities exclude the use of glossy paints, as all flaws will be emphasized. Then use matte layers.

To give the effect of the gloss, they recommend choosing alkyd paints. The wall surface will be moisture resistant. However, when drying, a strong smell is highlighted. You can use alkyd paints only in a well-wedrid room.

Paint for children

For children's rooms, special paints with water base and Kid labeling (for children's rooms) are provided. They are very comfortable and easy to use, non-toxic and eco-friendly.

In the presence of a child, allergies use a hippallygenic paint with silver ions. The painted surface will not absorb pollution and have bactericidal properties.

Preparation of walls

The area of ​​the walls in the room is the largest, which explains the attached attention to their surface. If the work is performed inactiously, uneven strokes will come across the eyes, not covered cracks, divorces sticking to the garbage. For a good result, careful preparation is required.

Proper preparation will help to avoid divorces and climbing on the surface. Many common beginners errors have to correct for several hours. Also prepared surfaces longer retain the appearance and serve.
Rules Coloring inland walls - Collection of paint, surface preparation, application technology
Rules Coloring inland walls - Collection of paint, surface preparation, application technology

Preparation of new walls

If the surface has not been previously stained, it is purified from dust and contamination. If there are irregularities and selects, they are preliminarily eliminated by putty. If you do not make cleaning from pollution, the paint will fall behind the dust layer.

Walls with old finish

The first step will be the preparation of the entire premises to the color:

  • Remove the curtains;
  • make decorative elements;
  • Remove sockets and switches;
  • When staining do the doors, handles and locks are cleaned, or carefully disguised.

Furniture can be left in the room. It will be enough to move it a bit from the walls and cover the protective oil. On the floor laid paper or other material to protect against drops of paint.

Wall preparing implies:

  • Cleaning the surfaces of the walls. Rigid brush remove drops of plaster mortar. It may contain an alkali that is incompatible with the paints on solvents. The rule refers to all types of walls.
  • In the presence of a layer of old wallpapers, they are removed and removed the glue layer on which they kept. If the wallpaper is very fixed, then you can apply primer and paint.
  • If the surface repayment is scheduled, then the exfoliated layer should be offended, and the irregularities are sharpened. Then with the help of sandpaper shallow grain, clean the boundaries.
  • Fungi, mold and oil spots are eliminated by one of two ways: mechanical or acidic alkaline.
Cracks are expanding to holding base, filled with alabaster. For strong fixation, you can add plow glue into alabaster.
  • Fully primed the wall to eliminate the matte stains of the processed areas.
  • In a good condition, the painted wall is quite well wash and degrease.
  • If you plan to paint wallpaper, then you should make sure of the strength of their gluing. Painting can only be in the absence of woven wallpaper.
  • Apply paint should be on a dry wall.

After complete preparation of the wall, you can move to painting.

Painting preparation

Paint should be well sided. To accelerate, you can apply an electric door. Acrylic paint is bred by water in the proportions indicated on the package.

The finished paint is poured into a greasy tray or bucket. If not the whole bank is used, it is closed tightly. Outdoors, paints breathe quickly and come into disrepair.

Paint must be intended for internal works - environmentally friendly. The flow rate and quantity of the required layers will be described on the package.

Application of paint

After preparing the surface and arrangement of the workplace, you can move directly to painting the wall. To the paint lay down correctly, adhere to several rules:

  • Paint is applied evenly. Brush moves alternately in two directions. To prevent the sublifting, the surface is a bit decreasing. It is also not to paint with a thick layer or rare paint.
  • Recent movements should be bottom up.
  • For colors with oil, the hair brush is used, which will ensure the maximum easy movements.

A large surface is divided into several parts. Ideally, if the boundaries will pass along the seams, corners and straps. When staining doors, oil paints also use division into sections. Only coloring substances with oil are applied entirely.

When decorating complex surfaces with irregularities, it is not worth using a lot of paint - it will flock and wrinkle.

If the clear boundaries of the walls visually determine problematic, then paper adhesive tape is used to designate them. It is precisely outline the painted area. The molar tape is also suitable for preserving the floor line and ceiling.

Rules Coloring inland walls - Collection of paint, surface preparation, application technology
Rules Coloring inland walls - Collection of paint, surface preparation, application technology

General paint appliances

You need to apply paint in a specific sequence. Per quarter. The meter paints three stripes. Then they are evenly distributed over the surface with a pressed tool. If multiple colors are used:

  • On the wall of the pencil draw the boundaries of the strips. Mix the molar tape is glued, the markup bands must paint. Scotch tightened well, as they arise.
  • In order to achieve perfectly even lines, colorless lacaves lubricate the seam between the wall and scotch. It must be remembered that the tape can be painted, but it is prohibited for the opposite side.
  • The tones are carefully selected and check their combination. Scotch is cleaned after full drying of paint.

Painting walls in the striped is similar. Initially apply the basic tone, and after the bands are drawing.

Painting of brick walls

Trendy interiors are sistering with chopped brick walls. How to achieve the desired effect? When applied, paints take into account some features:

  • The surface is purified by a rigid brush, and then washed with soap solution. The evaporation of moisture from the time it will be required at least a week.
  • Calculate large chips, potholes.
  • An acrylic and oil paint lies on the brick.
  • Protect the surface with paint type. The primer is placed in a thick layer. It should dry well and form a durable water-repellent layer.
  • Brick wall paint brush in a horizontal direction. When using the roller, the effect of negligence is created, which is considered fashionable.
  • The effect of the antique is achieved with the help of a sponge, which causes contrast stains to the surface.

Painting the walls of roller

If the roller is used to apply paint, then the plinths, behind the battery and near the sockets are painted with a brush. The wire mesh on the bucket will help to avoid a large paint fence, which leads to drops and subkam. On a molar tray for this, an inclined ribbed surface is used: it is carried out with a roller several times in different directions.

Roller can be with a long and short handle. The first option is used for hard-to-reach places. The roller consists of "fur coats", roller and frame. "Shuba" absorbs the coloring substance and distributes over the surface. The roller is equipped with different materials:

  • Fissure base from polyacryl and nylon. Color roller white with multicolored stripes. It is resistant to the aggressive effects of paints and is sufficiently durable. This type will be required for epoxy, polyurethane, nitrocellulose colors.
  • Polyester or velor. It is characterized by good flexibility and well absorbs paint. It is used for finishing or varnishing.

The roller size depends on the volume of the surface in the surface. For large surfaces, roller is required with a larger working surface.

Paint, like glue wallpaper, follows from the window to the door. When using waterfront paint, the roller water alternately in the horizontal and vertical direction. It will evenly adhere and distribute the paint on the surface.

For water injection paint take a felt roller. The new roller should be cleaned from the pile - go through the sticky side of the scotch on the surface.

Water-emulsion paints

On the shelves, it is possible to meet water dispersive paint, which differs from the water-demulsion suspension by the binders of components (pigments, polyvinyl acetates, styrene copolymers, polyacrylate). They do not dissolve in the aquatic environment and do not change their structure. After applying paints, water evaporates, and the components remain, forming a painting film of high strength.

The water-level paint can be applied both in wet and dry rooms. The remaining film is not subject to the long-term influence of moisture. Water emulsions are suitable for drywall, wooden, concrete and brick surfaces. Exceptions are metal objects that will begin to corrosive.

For the water-making compositions, a kel is provided. It is based on the basis for making a certain shade. The more his quantity, the color is more saturated. The kel is added gradually, well stirring the mixture. To obtain monophonic colors on all surfaces, the coloring substance is bred in the desired volume for the entire room. Otherwise, pick up the intensity of the tone will be problematic.

Good breed paint about the reserve. This will allow in the future to cut the frequently lifting places (switch area, angles, at the level of the hands).

Emulsion in several layers are applied. For savings, the first layer can be made of paint diluted water (10%). The overall quality does not affect. For the subsequent layers, it is not worth dilute.

Painting Bath and Kitchen

The painted bath looks neat and beautiful. However, it is worth considering the conditions of constant humidity. It is important to eliminate fungus and dampness, and then apply moisture-resistant paint.

In the bathroom it is easy to find signs of conjunction that should be removed before applying paint. Mold and fungus cause constant implications, irregular ventilation and hydraulic problems.

Mold is removed with a brush or sponge. The problem space is well dried and treated with an antiseptic. In the future, it is worth providing good air circulation to eliminate the appearance of mold. Painting the walls in the bathroom faster and easier with a roller.

Standard actions for walls in the kitchen and bathroom:

  • Apply moisture-proof primer.
  • Place and launch.
  • Soak walls with a special makeup to increase moisture resistance.
  • Apply primer paints with an increased moisture resistance.

After preparation paint. If necessary, they apply a drawing or patterns of finish paint. To increase stability, a layer of varnish is applied. The composition will be more durable.

Self painting does not require special skills, any master will cope with it. However, each type of paint has its own characteristics, pros and cons. They are taken into account when preparing walls and coating. To increase the service life, an additional layer of varnish is applied to painted surfaces.

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Preparation of the room

Usually the repair is performed in rooms filled with furniture. It is desirable to endure out of the premises. The remaining items move away from the walls, grouping in the center, covered with a film. The boundaries of staining, openings adjacent to the walls, can be saved by a painting ribbon. Protective facilities for face and hand should be provided: gloves, glasses, respirator.

Walls must be cleaned of old coating. If staining is provided instead of wallpaper, they need to be removed, thoroughly deleting the remains. Then the walls are inspected for damage.

Even the most expensive paint will not hide the shortcomings of the walls, and they are able to spoil the exquisite design. Therefore, small pits, cracks are spacing, after drying, they are rubbed, then he is drunk.

For the grout, you can use an abrasive grid by installing it on a grinding machine or a manual machine. These devices will help to make the surface perfectly smooth.

The task of the primer is to remove the dust, bore the surface layer. It improves adhesion. After the priming, it is possible to identify small flames - scratches, tubercles. They need to be eliminated by reading or past. Then you need to sand and predict. When the primer is driving, you can move to staining.

Compositions for kitchen, corridor and bathroom

Acrylic and silicone paints with water base are suitable for the corridor and kitchen. They are distinguished by abrasion, they can be washed. The pronounced relief in the kitchen will be inappropriate, it will be more difficult to maintain purity. And with pearl divorces, the room can be made visually more spacious.

But for the bathroom you need to choose paint resistant and moisture. The options listed below are best suitable for these purposes, but not for painting walls in the room:

  1. Alkyd. Reminded by consistency Oil compositions, but are very different in operational characteristics. Painted surfaces perfectly carry elevated temperatures, high humidity, exposure to ultraviolet. Parry permeability average can be applied to metal and wooden elements. The alkyd mixture can be matte, glossy, semi-wave. Of the disadvantages: it is diluted with organic solvents causeing a characteristic sharp smell. An inexpensive option, but does not differ in particular durability.
  2. Based on silicates. Excellent choice for the bathroom. Thanks to a special chemical composition, you can not worry that mold or fungus is formed on the walls. It turns out a durable and durable coating, very high vapor permeability. While the composition dry, it is harmful to health is a big minus. You need to work in protective clothing. Silicates are not combined with other types of coatings, so they are not applied on the surface, previously painted by other paints (it will be necessary to completely remove it).

Design painting

Options for painting walls in the apartment are a lot. It is necessary to find a suitable combination of colors, but often this is a matter of taste. But different methods of combined painting are capable of significantly modifying the home interior.

Horizontal division into zones

It is considered in the traditional way. More often the room is divided into two zones: the bottom is crossed with dark shades, light-light. Classic: separation in height into three parts. Here the dark shade is drawn up, and the two tops of the walls are light shades. If you want to place the walls with dark shades almost to the ceiling, then you need to remember that such a reception will visually make the ceiling lower.

If painting is carried out independently, it is difficult to achieve the perfect border of two colors. But you can decorate the shortcomings with moldings. Or, it is possible to glue neatly across the lantern scotch before applying other colors. After staining, the scotch is removed and the perfect line is obtained.

The use of moldings can be attributed to the classic, it is acceptable for country style, ethno-styles. But the design of a brilliant strip or just clear boundaries is closer to high-flow or minimalism.

Accents in flowers

The focus of the wall is a fashionable reception at the design of the room. One of the walls is distinguished by another color. Usually it is a darker tone of the background color or color that is combined with the background. Both options look attractive if you choose the right details. This is an easy way to transform the interior by making it brighter.

But in the bedroom it is desirable not to use sharp combinations - there the atmosphere should be soft. Sharp contrasts look good in children's rooms, living rooms.

Stripes on the walls

The type of color "horizontal band" is appropriate when you need to pay attention to certain decor elements. Pretty wide strip is placed at eye level

This technique is suitable for the hallway: when the ceiling height is reduced, the corridor itself is visually becoming wider.

Striped walls are also a very interesting designer reception, that's just in the whole room it is better not to apply. But for focusing one wall is suitable. An interesting effect will succeed in the combination of bands of the same color, but of various textures - glossy and matte.

Allocation of interior details - the reception to which they resort very often. Sometimes some details are staring at a calmer or bright color: frames, niches, space to accommodate a beautiful decorative shelf. Popular option: Cut the walls along the contour of a dark color strip, highlighting all the angles. A small room visually immediately becomes more spacious: it will "expand" and wide, and height.

https://youtube.com/watch?v=N6Q707A8UB0.

The process of painting the walls of the bathroom

Now consider the process more closely: how to paint how to prepare walls in painting, how to apply the composition.

Calculation of the consumption of material and the preparation of the bathroom

Pre-completed calculation of the consumable material will save from problems with its purchase during the process of painting walls.

We consider the consumption of the shta: This will require the rate of consumption of composition per 1 m2, processed area and expected layer thickness. The manufacturer indicates all the necessary data on the package, remains to calculate everything according to the dimensions of its bathroom. All data are multiplied with each other.

The freight flow rate is calculated from the calculation of the double cover of each painted wall. Usually, the rate of flow takes 0.1-0.15 kg / m2. The surface area should be multiplied by consumption and number of layers.

When calculating the consumption of paints are focused on its composition and strengthened abilities. The flow parameter is:

  • Oil paint 140-250 g / m2;

  • Alkyd 110-140 g / m2;

  • In acrylic 115-240 g / m2;

  • Latex 550-600 g / m2;

  • At silicone 270-300 g / m2;

  • In factory 800-1000 g / m2.

Also, the number of coating layers of each type of paint is different: plays the role of the porosity of the wall and the method of applying the painting composition. When calculating the area of ​​the room is multiplied by the rate of consumption and the number of layers.

As for the training of the bathroom, the furniture that can be reached, carry, plumbing is covered with a film.

Basic priming

Waterproof primer will be the best choice for processing the walls of the bathroom before painting. The instructions are not written in vain, manufacturers have already provided all possible problems when working. The label will indicate the drying time of the composition: staining starts approximately 24 hours after the priming.

Application of paint

Paints - the last stage of all works. The result depends on the result: the plumbing and the floors are also not worth dirty, then not to mess with cleaning.

The first layer is the base, overlapping primer and serving the background for the finishing coating. The second layer is applied after the base is the basic. Sometimes they also apply the third, if there were skipping or paint lay unevenly.

Video to help:

How to paint the walls in the apartment (with video)

Before properly painting the walls, you need to select a tool for this work. Walls paint enamels most often with a brush. In order to properly pick up the paint on the brush, it is necessary to lower it in the Council (Bank), and, removing, squeeze about its edge of excess paint.

How to paint the walls in the apartment: paint is transferred to the surface of the wall with wide and uniform strokes.

You can paint the walls together: one puts paint, and the other she has it.

The applied paint is chosen (smeared) in different directions. Most often, the decisive is conducted in the direction of light rays falling from the window. In the event that there are several windows in the room, then the paint is decisled at its length.

An absolutely smooth surface (for example, a wall lined with plasterboard sheets) is recommended to be painted with dispersion (water-emulsion) paints. Unlike most paints on solvents, water-dispersion formulations form a vapor-permeable coating, which, as it were, "breathes", which has a beneficial effect on the microclimate of the room.

Most of all water-dispersion paints are compositions based on acrylic binders (acrylic paints). They retain the color well, do not yellow, racks for washing, easy to use and allow you to create elastic coatings capable of "hideing" cracks with a width up to 0.5 mm.

Numerous manufacturers of water-dispersion paints produce their products, as a rule, white. To obtain the desired color or shade in the paint, a special oscillating composition is added and stirred thoroughly.

On the processed surface, water-dispersion paints are usually applied using a roller. To obtain high-quality coating, paint is applied in three layers. Painting the first two layers is best to produce a fur roller with a long pile, applying a large amount of paint. Thanks to this, the painted surface does not dry too quickly, which makes it possible to put a more smooth layer. The finish painting is made by a painting roller with a pile of medium length.

Before a long break, for example, on the night, the rairy roller need to rinse thoroughly. If his "fur coat" can be removed, then it is better to do it and wash it separately. After the roller is completely washed (it is determined by water, squeezing out of it - it must be absolutely clean), it needs to "fluff" and hang up the handle up for drying. So that the pile on the "fur coat" rose evenly, it is necessary to roll the roller on a clean wall with a sharp movement.

To wet the roller paint, it is desirable to use a flat drawer (it is also called pallet, or a cuvette).

The box establishes a sieve (grid) with cells with dimensions of 10-20 mm, according to which the roller moistened in the paint to eliminate the excess and evenly distribute the paint throughout the perimeter of the roller.

Instead of a box, you can purchase a special dies for paint. To eliminate excess and uniform paint distribution, it has an inclined ribbed surface.

How to paint the walls: video dismantles all stages of work, including the preparatory part:

Tools for surface preparation

The list of tools that will be needed to prepare walls for coloring depends on the material of the old finish - it can be a plaster layer, paint, ceramic tile or one of the types of wallpaper.

If the walls are covered with plaster, applied not exactly, or started peeling from the wall surface, it must be completely removed. For this, the following tools will be required:

Simple, but very useful in household tool - chisel with protective brush hands with plastic shield

- chisel with a protective plastic handle, or a perforator with appropriate nozzles;

- a hammer;

Brush with a metal pile. There may be varieties for installation in the cartridge drill or for the "Bulgarian"

- metal brush-nozzle on an electric drill or a grinding machine;

- Soft brush for removing dust.

  • If the wall is cleared of the old ceramic tile, then the same tools will be required for this process.
  • Old paint is removed from the surfaces in different ways, using special solutions or tools. The latter include:

Construction hairdryer - excellent assistant when removing old paint layers

- construction hairdryer, scraper, chisel and spatula, 120 ÷ 150 mm wide;

- Metal brush-nozzle on a drill and a soft brush for removing dust.

To remove the blotch with the walls, a large sponge, a sponge, or a langer roller with a puffy nozzle in order to wet the coating, as well as a spatula or scraper.

Some species of old decoration require abundant moisture. In the course of a roller with a thick pile or with a foam nozzle

To remove from wall walls, different methods are also used, and therefore various tools:

The simplest set of tools for removing old wallpaper

- the simplest and most affordable tools for removing old wallpaper canvases are a spatula and a spatter with warm water;

Traffic police officers often have such a specific tool in their "arsenal" - old wallpaper steamer

- A more expensive tool for cleaning surfaces from this material is a saparler that allows without the application of particular effort to remove the old coating;

- needle roller.

After removal of the old finish, the stages of alignment of the walls and their final "finishing" are followed. All this also requires a specific set of tools.

  • Construction level and plumb for monitoring of walls.
  • Rule for leveling plaster.
  • Brush and roller for applying primer.
  • Wide and medium-sized spatula - for spatleing surfaces.
  • Manual grater or grinding machine (eccentric, ribbon or vibration) with a set of relevant emery paper or grids - for processing and grinding aluminous walls.
  • Electrical drill with a nozzle-mixer and a container for mixing the solution.

Work is to be very dusty. Therefore, in order to ensure personal security, when performing work on cleaning walls, it is necessary to use protective devices for respiratory tract, eyes and hands. And especially this is true if the chemical agents will also be applied for cleaning.

Next stage

If the original wall is smooth, the plaster on it is preserved, the defects are embedded, you can start the finish finish. What it will be shtlocking or surface coating with decorative plaster, depends on the selected type of work. In any case, smooth walls can already be prepared under painting. Another thing, if they are so curves that it is almost impossible to cope with them

In this case, it is more expedient to pay attention to plasterboard. Align the surface with it can be quite simple and fast

True, then it will also have to prepare for staining, but we will tell about it below.

If you removed all the old plaster, and in front of you - a naked concrete or brick wall, you will have to align it with a plastering solution using beacons. This is the most effective method that allows you to obtain a truly level surface as a result.

Paints for bathrooms, kitchens and corridors

For kitchens and corridors, decorative acrylic paints and silicone on water-based are suitable. They have sufficient abrasion resistance and can often wash. The use in the kitchens of paints with a pronounced relief is not entirely justified - it will be hard to maintain the purity of the walls. But pearl divorce can make a small room visually more spacious, especially if the base color is light.

But there are some more resistant to moisture and temperatures of paints that can be used in wet rooms - kitchen and bathroom, but undesirable in residential rooms.

Alkid formulations

Alkyd paints in their consistency are very similar to oily, but have a significant difference in both in the base (alkyd resins) and in operational characteristics. Painted surfaces well tolerate high humidity, elevated temperatures, exposure to ultraviolet. It has an average steam-resistant, therefore can be used in wet rooms. It is well applied to wooden and metal surfaces. What else attracts in these paints that the painting of the walls does not require significant investments - they are inexpensive. However, a well-prepared surface is required for a normal form. By the type of surface created, the alkyd paint can be glossy, matte, semi-wood.

Examples of alkyd paints

The lack of a serious one - they are diluted with organic solvents - White spirit, gasoline, turbidar. Therefore, when painting and drying in the room there is a persistent characteristic smell. Also minus - they over time lose the brightness of the color, a yellowish flare appears. The option is inexpensive, but not the best in durability. They are very good for staining radiators and heating pipes - may be heat-resistant - but for the walls it is worth using another composition.

Silicate-based paints (liquid glass)

If we talk about the specific properties of the silicate coating, then for the bathroom it is a good choice: the chemical composition is such that the fungus or mold never appears on the painted walls. If there is such a problem - this is one of the options for its solution. The coating is obtained very durable and durable, and vapor permeability is the highest among all the existing paints and varnishes. Therefore, in the kitchen and in the bathroom use these paints.

Silicate paint - prevents the development of fungi and mold

But there are substantial minuses. First, until he dry, the composition is very harmful to health. It is necessary to work with it in protective clothing and respiratory protection tools (good respirator). After drying, the film is absolutely harmless, but it is impossible to crystallization. Secondly, silicates are not compatible with other types of coatings. They do not fall on the surface, previously painted any other paint. Similarly, the surface will not "fall" any other on the painted silicate paint. In both cases, a complete deletion of the previous layer is required. Thirdly, the compositions of only mineral pigments appear, and this significantly narrows the number of colors and shades.

Features

Painting of walls in the apartment is popular among the owners in many ways because they are able to fulfill such a procedure personally. For this, no special knowledge or skills are required - it is enough to have at least a minimal experience in the brush (such should remain from the time of study at school) and comply with the exact procedure of actions so that the result is reached and aesthetically attractive, and durable.

If the paint is quite rare for decoration of walls in residential premises, it still remains very relevant in the premises of the economic purpose. Properly chosen dyes are much better to withstand the effects of water, high temperatures and steam, than even good wallpaper would have done, while the painted surface was not worse than the tile, but it is much cheaper. If necessary, repaint the wall for the sake of cosmetic repair or design update is also quite simple - the procedure will take a maximum of a couple of days and, again, will not require any assistance.

In general, the color of the walls is considered one of the cheapest solutions, it is necessary to take into account a number of possible additional costs. First of all, it all depends on the availability of the walls, because they should be smooth and clean, otherwise they will have to pre-level and clean from any contamination, which can lead to an increase in costs even several times. In addition, for better clutch of paint with a wall, it is desirable to use soil mixtures, ideally in several layers, which also increases the cost of the project.

A separate cost point is to purchase painting tools, if any, of course, it will not work out for free. First of all, you will need brushes, ideally - two: wide for the appearance of large spaces and thin - for drawing small parts and painting of hard-to-reach places. If the latter is not so much, but the smooth surface of the walls is large enough, it makes sense to acquire and the painting roller, which will significantly speed up the process. It is still necessary to choose correctly depending on the type of surface of the wall: foam for smooth surfaces, fur - for rough. When buying a roller, it will also be necessary for a greasy cuvette - a special container with a relief bottom that allows the coloring surface of the tool to be fully impregnated with paint. If you need to provide a clear contour separating the surface of one color from the surfaces of another shade, do not do without a special plastic spatula or painting tape.

This toolkit is typical, but not mandatory and not exhaustive. To simplify staining, crapped or even aerosol type cans can be used to replace brushes and rollers. With a small area of ​​the room and the use of paint without mixing shades in some cases, they refuse from a drill with a mixer, replacing it with any girlfriend like a stick.

If we talk about the amount of paint needed to paint the walls in the house, it needs to be carefully calculated in advance, because with a sudden shortage of the material of the work, it will have to be interrupted, and it's good if the pieces of walls painted with a recouunt mass will not differ in shades. Such calculations are performed on a fairly simple formula, according to which it is necessary to calculate the area of ​​all walls planned to staining. For this, the height of each wall is multiplied by its width, and if there are several such walls, the area of ​​all walls is summed up. Although the window and doorways are often included in this area, it should not be deducted - this will ensure that the paints are enough. Manufacturers in the instructions on banks usually indicate the typical consumption of their products per square meter - it is sufficient to multiply this indicator on the area of ​​its walls, and add 15% for insurance to get the amount of paint desired for staining in one layer. If a multi-layer painting is planned, the required volume of the material is multiplied by the number of layers.

basic information

For many years, overlooking walls have been the most economical type of wall repair. Due to the wide choice of painting compositions and the competent organization of the painting process, it is possible to achieve excellent results with a rather modest budget.

Painting walls as a method of finishing is very popular also because it can be performed with their own hands. For this, no special skills will be required at all. It is enough just to be able to work with a brush and act according to a specific algorithm. Then the result will be attractive and durable.

For decoration of residential rooms, paint today is rarely used. But to repair the premises of the economic purpose, this option is often chosen. True, dyes in this case are selected: they are well withstanding the effects of high temperatures and humidity. This painted surface is no worse than the tile, but it is an order of magnitude cheaper. In addition, if it is necessary to carry out cosmetic repair and updating the interior, you can easily and quickly change the paint. The whole procedure will take a couple of days and will not require the help of outsiders.

Guide to the types of coloring compositions

The beautiful design of the walls will be possible if you choose the compositions in accordance with the chemical structure.

Oil products

Oil paints are manufactured based on mineral and plant solvents. After applying, the oil components are oxidized, and after drying, they form a film. At the coating, insufficient resistance characteristics - after a certain time it is exfoliated or peeled.

The compositions have another drawback - the film does not miss the moisture pairs, so the normal microclimate in the dwelling is difficult to maintain.

Inexpensive cost allows you to use products in large quantities, but for painting walls in the apartment they are not suitable.

Paints made from alkyd resins

According to the consistency, they resemble the oil, but the binder component are extracts from soy, linseed oil. Solvents are applied organic - gasoline, turpentine. The benefits of compositions include:

  • rapid evaporation without excretion of harmful substances;
  • formation based on durable film;
  • brightness, resistance of finishing to moisture, temperature fluctuations, ultraviolet;
  • Beautiful shelterness - paints will create a dense, without proper sheep;
  • Ideal for kitchen or bathroom;
  • The range of manufacturers have alkyd products with a matte or glossy effect.

Cons of coloring mixtures are a small vapor permeability, the possibility of fire and the sharp smell of the solvent when applied.

Specificity of silicate agents

The feature of silicate paint is the manufacture of mineral "liquid glass". The coating strength allows you to implement any ideas of design. Silicate products withstand abrasive effects, eliminate the penetration of mold and fungus, do not require the use of antiseptic primer.

Always consider the specifics of painting with silicates:

  • Use gloves, protect the respiration and vision organs - in the paint a high concentration of alkalis;
  • Choose an alkaline-based tinting - the rest will only spoil the composition;
  • Before staining completely remove the old layer from the surface.

Characteristics of water-soluble products

The solvent of funds is water in which the remaining components are present in the form of dispersions or emulsions:

  • binding elements - create a film, provide dense adjacent and adhesive properties of the material;
  • Pigments - the composition is painted in a certain color;
  • Fillers - mineral or quartz dust, crumb, talc, which give the surface a certain invoice;
  • Additives-plasticizers - regulate the processes of evaporation of fluid and polymerization.

The type of product depends on the film-forming substances.

Polyvinila acetate compounds

The water-mounted paints are made on the basis of PVA-glue, differ in the cost-effectiveness.

Benefits:

  • inexpensive cost;
  • Painting of walls of water-emulsion paint is performed quickly;
  • Easily washed with leather and tools;
  • Ecology - no unpleasant odors, toxins in the composition;
  • good adhesive properties;
  • Easy thanks.

Minuses:

Minimum moisture resistance.

Boutadiene-styrene colors

Produced from a variety of artificial rubber, there are rarely found.

Benefits:

  • Universality - can be applied as soil;
  • Resistance to abrasion and wet environment.

Minuses:

yellow from ultraviolet rays.

Latex funds on water-dispersion basis

As part of water-dispersion products - latex film-forming components.

Benefits:

  • Education after the polymerization of the waterproof film;
  • minimum vapor permeability;
  • The ability to mask cracks with a width of up to 1 mm;
  • moderate shelterness;
  • optimal choice if you need to paint the ceiling;
  • After applying in 2 layers, painted walls in the interior look like a silk upholstery.

Minuses:

  • high price;
  • We are problematic to wash off with hands and tools.

Silicone funds

Universal compounds used for painting walls in the apartment or ceiling finishes.

Benefits:

  • Beautiful shelterness;
  • masking cracks width from 1.5 to 2 mm;
  • Resistance to moisture, abrasion, dust;
  • vapor permeability;
  • durability of finishing;
  • environmental friendliness;
  • Easy use.

Minuses:

expensive.

Acrylic painting substances

Acrylic is the perfect option for room design and is therefore popular among professional builders and beginners.

Benefits:

  • ease of tinting;
  • resistance to the effects of solar color;
  • abrasion resistance;
  • The possibility of use on the ceiling and wall surface.

Minuses:

Fill only thin cracks (up to 0.5 mm).

Ways alignment methods

Under the old finishing layer you can expect a surprise in the form of uneven walls. For high-quality color of the walls, it is necessary to smooth base. It is impractical to move to the following steps, if this condition is not fulfilled. There are various ways to align the walls, each of which will be optimal in each case. You can adjust the surfaces using plaster, powdered or drywall.

Plasterboard

An excellent way to quickly make alignment. Smooth material does not require shuttering. The paint can be applied directly on the plates of GLC, or on a thin layer of putty. For large rooms, this method is ideal. But it is worth mentioning that for cladding of the walls, plasterboard is required to build a frame of metal profiles. The design will serve as a base for sheets of material, but at the same time "Eat" a lot of space. It is better not to resort to this technology, if you are roads every see. The material is not sufficiently durable, it is impossible to place heavy suspended structures.

Plaster

Plaster is the most successful intermediate finish option if the walls are supposed to paint. It is applied directly on the wall and allows you to form a perfectly smooth surface. For the formation of a thick leveling layer of work is carried out in several stages using lighthouses.

Step-by-step instruction:

  1. Perform the wall markup by setting and fixing the benchmarks with an interval of 60 cm using a plastering mixture.
  2. Apply a primer composition to increase the adhesive properties of the surface.
  3. Prepare the solution by connecting the contents of the package with water according to the instructions.
  4. Apply a mass on the surface, throwing it with sharp movements with a trowel.
  5. Distribute plaster with the rule. Your movements must be short and zigzag.
  6. We glue the bands of the facade mesh or glassball, and leave the wall until complete drying. It must be done to prevent the formation of cracks on the finishing coating.

Pluckle

Sometimes you can do without plaster. Replace it with a putty, which is produced in the form of a dry mix. There are two layers of this material on relatively smooth walls.

Before starting to the shtlock, you need to camp the wall. This can be done using a roller, but faster and better with this task can cope with a sprayer. Next we put the putty movement from top to bottom. Each layer after drying with spatula. It is necessary to eliminate transitions and tubercles formed during the distribution process. The second layer is covered with the help of sandwich on 150, fixed on a special platform. The next step is to re-priming the wall and stagnation of the glass cholester.

How to align the walls?

Having coped with large irregularities, start aligning all the walls. Without alignment, you will already see all flaws that were previously invisible during the finish painting. To align the walls, you can pass them away, plastering or separated by sheets of drywall.

Alignment of walls of plasterboard

Grinding is used to align concrete walls. It is only necessary that the base does not crumble, it was strong enough and without serious defects. For grinding, you can use the "sandpaper" or a special typewriter. After grinding, all small irregularities / defects will disappear.

Grinding machine for walls and ceilings

In addition, with small defects you can cope with stripping and shuttering. As a result, the differences should be not more than 2 m per 1 m. m, only in this case can begin to start and priming. Due to the first walls, it will be perfectly smooth, the composition is applied in the amount required for complete alignment. If the layer is too thick, it can be applied according to the beacons - it is preferably prepared predominantly concrete walls. All surfaces need to be projected to progress before putty to increase adhesion.

Wall shuttering

The next step is the application of a thin finishing layer of putty. Then, when the surface is driving, it is ground and stained. By the way, the starting spacion layer must be pulled before applying the finish, but be careful: if you overdo it, you can condole the entire layer. To remove the dust that appeared, it is better to use a dry cloth, otherwise you can spoil the putty layer. Apply to the putty, the walls are re-ground.

Grinding for walls

How to quickly make a comfortable flat decorative roller

Make a roller for the original staining of the walls is permissible independently. It is worth considering a lot of features.

From rope

To do this, take an ordinary clothesline or lace rope. The more often the lace, the more dense pattern it turns out. Permissible to cross the intersection and other patterns. As a result, it is possible to get a bulk drawing.

With the help of a knife

A sharp knife is worth cut on a foam roller strips or other figures. The more they will, the better the texture of the picture.

Using a polyethylene package

This is the easiest and most affordable method. For this, the old roller is suitable. It is recommended to attach a casting package to it. Folds help get a complex pattern. Instead of a package, enjoy trimming fabrics, rubber bands, paper.

From rubber rolik

To do this, take a rubber roller and cover it with a pattern. Then cut it with a knife. It is also permissible to take advantage of ordinary rubber at least 5 millimeters thick.

From foil

To do this, take a dense foil, hook and putty. First, the foil covers the pattern. Then the crochet is to squeeze the embossed drawings on the surface. The rear wall is covered with putty and press to the roller. Leave the workpiece to dry. In completion, foil is glued to the roller.

From fine rubber

First you should prepare fine rubber. In addition, it will take silicone sealant. You will also need a marker. Rubber should be cleaned and degreased. Apply a drawing and repeat its contours of the sealant. In completion, the rubber sheet is glued to the roller.

Wooden rolling

This is the most suitable tool. First, you should remove the handle to remain a cylinder. After that, perform a hole in the center and put the rod into it. Also for this purpose will fit the wire.

Plastic trumpet

To do this, it will take a pipe with a length of 10 centimeters and a diameter of 5 centimeters. Crop the workpiece and make plastic plugs from the ends. Glue them and make holes for the handle.

What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment + how to do it correctly

Cut walls with wallpaper - decisions for finishing that has already become traditional. What if this option does not fit? We offer options for finishing the walls that are now in the trend: decorative plaster and painting. To perform work with modern materials, you need experience, and painting walls in the apartment can be performed at a fairly high level. Desire, time and accurate operations are necessary. Paints appeared that imitates some plaster, and is less.

Painting of walls in the apartment is an increasingly relevant way to decorate
What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

Paints for residential rooms

The most important thing in choosing paints for this room of premises is their harmlessness. Also imposed high requirements for the decorativeness of coatings and resistance to the effects of sunlight. This characteristic as washing capacity is not the most sought-after, except that it may be needed in the children's room. Very nice if the paints do not smell, or almost do not smell during application, and it is also desirable that they quickly dry.

Water-based paints

More than other these requirements correspond to water-based compositions. The binding component can be different in them, because of which some qualities are changed, but one of them is united: they are harmless to people, do not harm the surrounding space, quickly dry and almost do not smell.

Water-emulsion

The most popular in this group is water-emulsion paints. These are compositions based on polyvinyl acetate (more familiar to us as PVA). This paint is easily applied, has a good shelterness - usually two layers are enough to get smooth color. After drying, they create a dense film on the surface, which passes water vapors, they also say that such a wall "breathes." Very well konders - any color can have dozens of shades.

Water-level paint of the famous brand "Tykkurila" and a caloring card of just one color
What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

One of its main advantages is a low price. And this is perhaps a decisive factor that makes water-emulsion dealers of sales, even despite their rather serious shortcomings.

The first serious minus is not very resistant to mechanical or abrasive influences (it is easy to scratch it). The second - it does not hide the shortcomings of the surface, requires careful preparation. To watch the wall, it should be absolutely smooth. The third drawback is the fear of water. Covered with a water-free wall can be wiped with a damp cloth several times, but not all shades. On some bands will be clearly visible. But the walls can be painted - leave a little "about the supply", to eliminate stains and scuffs, which after a while appear in the most "loaded" zones.

Water-dispersion silicone

These paints are almost perfect. They are easily applied, and it is able to tighten even quite decent cracks - up to 2 mm. The film remains after drying, does not fade, the moisture is not afraid, it is difficult damaged (you can wash anything). Painting of walls in the apartment of silicone paint allows you to get a very smooth surface even without perfect preparation and thorough alignment.

The film after drying is so smooth that even microparticles on it are not delayed, dust does not accumulate. What is important - the paint is vapor permeable, which makes it possible to use it and in wet rooms. High resistance to ultraviolet allows you to apply it for outer decoration (its main application).

Silicone paint on water based - coating excellent quality
What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

Lack of her, in fact, one: high price. This is the most expensive paint for today (except for textured). This is exactly what explains the fact that they are not very popular. But if you want to have a resistant, beautiful coverage for walls in an apartment or house, choose exactly silicone paint. In any case, it can be used in the corridor and kitchen.

Acrylic water dispersion

This type of paints is perhaps ideal: perfectly konders, does not fade, it is well applied, even the cracks paint, the truth is smaller in size - up to 0.7-1 mm. It has medium vapor permeability, the coating is difficult to damage, you can wash even using detergents. She does not have any special flaws. According to some parameters (vapor permeability), it is slightly worse than water-emulsion, according to some (shelterness) is a little inferior to silicone paints, but in general gives a very good result.

Acrylic paint does not fade, no moisture is afraid
What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

Painting of the walls in the apartment of this paint will not be too expensive: the price is average. So if you take a combination price / quality is the best paint, both for the walls and the ceiling.

Decorative texture paints

This is a relatively new direction. Painting of walls in the apartment with the help of textured paints allows you to get not a smooth, smoothly painted surface, but having a certain or chaotic relief. The basis of textural paints is an acrylic aqueous dispersion with pigment and various additives - sand of different fractions, mineral fibers and other similar substances that form the relief.

These paints differ in thickness, respectively, can be applied with a spatula, brush or roller. Some types allow you to use the spray gun. The texture may vary depending on the type of application, and significantly. For example, in the photo below, you see the result of applying one paint with different tools - brush, various rollers and a spatula. In the photo - decorative paint for walls and ceilings of the German company Jobi. It is called Putzeffektfarbe (Putzephectfarbe).

One of the options of textured paint
What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

This composition is painted in any color from the palette, so there are a lot of options. It can be applied to plasterboard, concrete, chipboard, fiberboard, plastered surfaces. For better effect, pre-primer is desirable.

There are decorative paints with imitation of fabric, suede, with pearl divorce, aged surface and many others. Application is sometimes multilayer - in three layers and more - using different tools. Typically, such compounds are accompanied by detailed instructions for the application and order of work, as well as recommendations for the choice of the instrument.

Several ways of applying decorative paint you will see in the video.

Paints for bathrooms, kitchens and corridors

For kitchens and corridors, decorative acrylic paints and silicone on water-based are suitable. They have sufficient abrasion resistance and can often wash. The use in the kitchens of paints with a pronounced relief is not entirely justified - it will be hard to maintain the purity of the walls. But pearl divorce can make a small room visually more spacious, especially if the base color is light.

But there are some more resistant to moisture and temperatures of paints that can be used in wet rooms - kitchen and bathroom, but undesirable in residential rooms.

Alkid formulations

Alkyd paints in their consistency are very similar to oily, but have a significant difference in both in the base (alkyd resins) and in operational characteristics. Painted surfaces well tolerate high humidity, elevated temperatures, exposure to ultraviolet. It has an average steam-resistant, therefore can be used in wet rooms. It is well applied to wooden and metal surfaces. What else attracts in these paints that the painting of the walls does not require significant investments - they are inexpensive. However, a well-prepared surface is required for a normal form. By the type of surface created, the alkyd paint can be glossy, matte, semi-wood.

Examples of alkyd paints
What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

The lack of a serious one - they are diluted with organic solvents - White spirit, gasoline, turbidar. Therefore, when painting and drying in the room there is a persistent characteristic smell. Also minus - they over time lose the brightness of the color, a yellowish flare appears. The option is inexpensive, but not the best in durability. They are very good for staining radiators and heating pipes - may be heat-resistant - but for the walls it is worth using another composition.

Silicate-based paints (liquid glass)

If we talk about the specific properties of the silicate coating, then for the bathroom it is a good choice: the chemical composition is such that the fungus or mold never appears on the painted walls. If there is such a problem - this is one of the options for its solution. The coating is obtained very durable and durable, and vapor permeability is the highest among all the existing paints and varnishes. Therefore, in the kitchen and in the bathroom use these paints.

Silicate paint - prevents the development of fungi and mold
What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

But there are substantial minuses. First, until he dry, the composition is very harmful to health. It is necessary to work with it in protective clothing and respiratory protection tools (good respirator). After drying, the film is absolutely harmless, but it is impossible to crystallization. Secondly, silicates are not compatible with other types of coatings. They do not fall on the surface, previously painted any other paint. Similarly, the surface will not "fall" any other on the painted silicate paint. In both cases, a complete deletion of the previous layer is required. Thirdly, the compositions of only mineral pigments appear, and this significantly narrows the number of colors and shades.

Design painting walls

Options for painting walls - mass, because there are no restrictions on the number of number. It is important to find the right appropriate combination of colors when painting walls. The easiest way to do is if you select shades on tables that designers use. In them, collected shades that can be used in the same room, while the interior will be harmonious.

What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what colorWhat paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what colorWhat paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what colorWhat paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what colorWhat paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what colorWhat paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what colorWhat paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what colorWhat paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what colorWhat paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what colorWhat paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what colorWhat paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what colorWhat paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what colorWhat paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

Now about the methods of combined painting walls. They are quite a lot, they will look in different ways in the interior. Choose the one that you like.

Horizontal separation into two or three zones

This is a traditional method. Typically, the room is divided into two zones. At the bottom, paint with darker shades, at the top - more light. The classic version is a division into three parts in height - a dark tint is colored by a lower third, two tops - more light. But this is only a classic, in reality dark paint can end in the middle or almost under the ceiling. Only with this technique you need to be careful: it visually makes the ceilings below. Exception is a light strip in almost the ceiling.

Painting of the room in two colors: horizontal separation
What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

The boundary of two colors, if the painting of the walls in the apartment is made independently, rarely happens perfect. To decorate the shortcomings, you can glue the molding, some flat stripes. Another option - before applying the second shade along the border, exactly, gluing the malarious tape. After painting it to remove it, it turns out the perfect line (if the scotch accumulated exactly).

Molding can be left white - it is combined with any colors, and you can paint into one of the appropriate colors
What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

This technique can be used in the premises of any destination, and the style can be any. Only with moldings - it is rather a classic, it is acceptable for the style of Country, for one of the ethno-styles. Just a clear boundary or decorated brilliant strip separation is already minimalism or high-tech.

Fascination with the wall

Fashionable trend in decorating premises - the color isolation of some wall. There are two options here:

  • Dark shade of the same color;
  • Another color is compatible palette.

With competently selected items in the interior, both methods are attractive. This is the easiest way to make the interior more memorable and bright.

Bright color from the same palette - the easiest way to make the interior brighter
What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

Just keep in mind that in the bedrooms, for example, it is better not to use such a sharp combination - the atmosphere in such premises should be softer. Sharp contrasts are good in living rooms, children. Children generally like bright combinations.

Gamma in bedrooms more relaxed
What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

Horizontal strip

This is a fairly wide strip that runs about the eye level. Most often to such a type of painting room resorted if you need to pay attention to some elements of decor - pictures, for example.

Wide horizontal strip - one way to paint a room in two colors
What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

It looks good for this technique in the corridors - reducing the height of the ceiling, he makes it as wider. Another popular application is children's rooms: children's drawings look very well on a highlighted background.

The band does not have to be a monophonic - light gradient is also not bad
What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

Striped walls

An interesting technique, but it is not worth using it for all rooms. So you can arrange one wall - one of the varieties of the accent wall - or only its part.

Horizontal strips can be multi-colored. The main thing is that they repeated in the interior
What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

An interesting effect gives a combination of strips of one color, but of different textures - matte and glossy. Strictly speaking, it is not two colors, but it looks like this.

Combination of the strips of matte and glossy paint
What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

Selection of some details of the interior

Often, some details are more bright or quietly emphasized. For example, niches, frames, place placement of an interesting shelf, and the like.

Selection of some elements - another way of combined painting
What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

One of the options is to circle a strip of a darker color of the wall along the contour, so all the angles are distinguished. This method will help make a small room more spacious: it will seem higher and wider.

Way to view
What paint is better to paint the walls in the apartment: the choice of paint, design, technology, in what color

How to paint the walls in the apartment with your own hands: video

Choose paint type - it's good, but you need to know how to work with it. Each of the paints has its own features of applying and surface preparation. But in general, almost always there are the following steps:

  1. Removing the old coating if it was available. The care of this stage depends on the compatibility of the old finishing and new layer. If they are compatible, it is necessary to remove only exhaust or bad fragments. If the coatings are incompatible, it will have to consider everything completely.
  2. Putty wall. Technology Standard: Take the appropriate composition and apply a spatula, mailing cracks and irregularities.
  3. Grinding surfaces. Use either sandpaper or a special grid fixed on the holder or wooden bar. Circular motions remove all unnecessary, leveling walls.
  4. Dusting the ground surface. It is better to carry out a vacuum cleaner, but you can wipe all the dry cloth several times, but every time is -s.
  5. Primer. Soil for each surface and paint should be selected separately. It is advisable to acquire it with paint. Programmer performs two tasks: improves the grip of paint with the surface (free to peel) and reduces paint consumption.
  6. Painting. Painting usually in several layers, inflicting in different directions. If we talk about the walls, then on top-down, and then - right-left. Each layer is applied after the first dry. In the instructions, this time is usually indicated and it is desirable to withstand it.

That's all. Painting of walls in the apartment is completed. But verbal description cannot convey some features of working with paints or putty. Look at the video lesson, some subtleties will become more understandable. After viewing the painting of the walls of the walls with water paint, it will not be a problem.

As simple means to create the effect of decorative paint on the walls, see the video.

How to paint the walls in the apartment: make repair do it yourself

Today, wall decoration using staining is greatly popular. This method is budget and easy to create a comfort of its own interior. Before finishing work, it is recommended to get acquainted with the technique of painting walls in the room in order to further enjoy the result obtained.

Where to begin?

Starting to staining the walls in the apartment with their own hands, it is necessary to take into account some nuances and recommendations of specialists:

  • First of all, you need to measure the painting area. This is necessary in order not to be mistaken with the acquired paint.
  • It is necessary to properly prepare the basis for staining on special technology.
  • The paint is applied by a thin layer, otherwise she can swear.

Selecting paint

It is necessary to familiarize themselves with the recommended indicators of a particular product.

It must comply with certain requirements, including:

  • Safety.
  • Ecology.
  • Optimal drying time.
  • Acceptable price.

The choice of paint depends on the type of source surface and the place of paint. After all, moisture-resistant paint is suitable in the bathroom. For the kitchen, it is better to use paint with wear-resistant qualities, since the surface of the wall is subjected to constant contamination. For the hallway and the corridor, a variety is needed, resistant to abrasion.

Popularly popular with buyers uses:

Oil

Oil paints are products based on oil. The advantages of this type of paint are high wear resistance and moisture resistance. It is recommended to apply such material in the bathrooms, kitchens. The service life can last more than seven years, but it is possible only with proper care.

The only lack of oil paint is an unpleasant sharp smell that will disperse long enough.

VioMulsion

The composition of water-level painting materials is based on a polyvinyl acetate emulsion. This finish has a number of advantages: this is an environmentally friendly product that is safe to use, is distinguished by a variety of different color shades, ease of use, fast drying of painted areas. This staining of walls in apartments and houses, where there are small children or allergies. There is one disadvantage: the use is possible at a temperature of +5 degrees.

According to peculiar qualities, water-mounted paints are divided into:

Acrylic

Some types of such paint are suitable for painting ceramic tiles in the bathrooms, the composition of the coloring material allows you to wipe the wall with a wet cloth. Due to its composition, such material can be used when painting MDF, brick, wood, glass.

Silicone

Silicone coating has good breathability. Such material can be washed with special detergents.

This coating can be applied to the wall with minor sizes of defects (up to 2 mm), hiding all irregularities.

Latex

Latex materials most moisture resistant. The surfaces after staining and drying are not exposed to water, while remain unchanged. The only disadvantage of such a product is an unpleasant smell during painting.

Mineral

Mineral water-resistant varieties are distinguished by wear resistance to pollution. It is convenient to apply such a composition on the surface of the walls of brick, concrete, or plaster. The existing harated lime and cement helps the better grip of paint with a working surface.

Color solutions and design

A large number of color solutions allow you to implement creative thoughts, creating a unique interior in the apartment. Paints-chameleons, having a pearl, create unusual effects with different lighting. From the side, you might think that the walls are covered with silk cloth. Painting materials with velvet effect, they include solid colored particles of various materials (sand, shells, minerals, stones). After applying such a product to the surface, the effect of velor canvas is created.

Manufacturers for improving decoration add sparkles of a variety of decorations, allowing you to achieve the originality and magic of the interior.

As for the color solutions, the possibility of painting compositions is unlimited. They obey the specific style of the room, the general background, or contrast with it. White paint is most popular: this color is universal, it is possible to highlight any zone of the room, giving it uniqueness, filling the space with light. Especially this shade is valuable in the interiors of stylistics abounding with woody array. In such a space, do not do without the selection of planes, otherwise the texture of the tree will lose expressiveness. In this case, the white paint is appropriate for the selection of the ceiling.

The most valuable shades of paints today are natural, close to beige-brown gamma. They allow to enlarge the texture of a wooden floor. For the walls of the bathroom it is worth using blue, marine, sandy shades. An excellent solution will be the decoration of the accent zone by means of a simple drawing through the paints. At the same time, the shades of the material can be different: due to the addition of the kolacher today you can find the perfect tone.

Calculation of quantity

Before the color of the walls you need to calculate the amount of coloring material:

  • The first thing is measured the area of ​​the painted surface (it is recommended to measure with window and doorways, thereby making a stock).
  • The accuracy of the calculation depends on the number of paint layers.
  • The length is multiplied by the width of the square, then relate it to the specified flow rate on the paint packaging. Usually the manufacturer indicates how many square meters. m. The working surface is enough of the volume of one bank.
  • Another 15% of the material for unforeseen expenses add to the resulting consumption. This will eliminate the lack (it is not always possible to find the missing material to be perfect).

Surface preparation

Preparation of walls to paint is an excellent opportunity to eliminate all defects and irregularities of the walls of the walls. Before starting finishing work, it is necessary to free the room from furniture and decor items. The furniture is removed from the room, or is closed with a special film. Floors stood with newspapers or cardboard.

All decor items on the walls must be removed, this will eliminate the appearance of a spray of coloring matter.

The surface of the walls should be cleaned from various contaminants with a rigid brush (dirt, dust, solutions of plaster). The existing cracks and cracks are thoroughly sealed with a putty or gypsum mixture with a spatula, after which these areas are aligned with sandpaper until gloss. If the surface has an old paint coating, it must be scraped. The bulk coating can be removed, in a welding water. If the wallpaper is firmly glued without exhaust elements, they can not be removed, performing painting directly to them. After removing bulk coatings, the wall must be washed with water with a detergent. Waterproof wallpapers are much more difficult to remove: To moisten them, you need to do in a certain location to pour water.

Before painting, it is necessary to treat the surface of the primer. This will provide the best grip of paint with the surface. It is necessary to inflict 1-2 layers of primer on the entire painted area, avoiding the appearance of matte traces. This applies not only to concrete planes, but also of plasterboard walls.

If the wall is in good condition without flaws, you can simply wash it and spend it. Painting the walls must be started after complete drying of the primer (time can vary from 2 hours to days). The final stage in the preparation of the walls is to disconnect electricity from the network.

It is recommended to cover the sockets and switches with a mounting ribbon or scotch.

Technology Painting

For the inner color of the walls in the apartment mainly use water-emulsion paint.

She meets all the necessary quality indicators, differing:

  • a short drying period;
  • safety;
  • a variety of shades;
  • Simplicity of use.

Before painting should be chosen the most necessary:

  • paint;
  • painting tape;
  • protective gloves and glasses;
  • brush and roller;
  • tray for coloring material.

Before applying the coloring composition on the walls, it is necessary to add a kel to the finishing material. It is better to breed all the paint, otherwise then it will not be possible to create the same color in all tanks. In the prepared dishes using a mixer or manually, it is necessary to dilute paint with water (if it is thick) to obtain a homogeneous consistency, then you need to add a small portion of the kel. The gradual addition of the kolker will allow you to choose the desired shade as accurately to the desired one.

If it is necessary to compose a small segment of the wall or apply multi-colored strips, the greater tape is used for even separation. To paste it exactly, use the level (laser or alcohol). The height of the sticking depends on individual tastes and preferences. The malarious tape should be glued firmly without air pockets, otherwise the paint is required, and the line will turn out to be uneven.

It is recommended to start painting walls from door openings or windows with a small roller. When applying oil paint it is better to use various brushes with natural bristles. In order not to blur the door materials, it is better to paint the surface with a small brush along the edges. Smooth lines in the field of electrical appliances are used small brushes. After applying paints on problem areas and room angles, you can move to the rest of the walls of the walls.

Painting of walls is performed by a large roller. Try to apply the coloring material with a uniform layer, avoiding drows and drops. The roller movement must be vertical. As soon as the lumens appear, it's time to dip a roller in the paint. To speed up the painting process, it is recommended to use a large roller with a paint tray. The tray needs to be filled with coloring material by a third, otherwise it will not be possible to dip the roller. It is necessary that the paint does not go beyd out. So that it is evenly distributed over the roller, you should spend back-forward by paint, and after the same movement along the outside of the tray.

Applying the second layer of paint is possible only after complete drying of the previous one. Otherwise, the staining of the walls will be uneven, differing by the lumens. All the resulting defects in painting are corrected by roller. After checking staining to uniformity and homogeneity, you can start removing the mounting tape. It must be done before drying the layers of coloring material. Usually, the time of paint is 24 hours, but it may vary depending on the temperature regime of the room and the type of paint. At the time of frozen, avoid dust and dirt on the painted surfaces.

Useful advice

Before applying colorful raw materials to the necessary surfaces, it is recommended to test products. Test paint on a slight area of ​​the wall. If, after complete drying, the result of you pleased, you can apply a product to the entire surface of the walls. To quickly neutralize the unpleasant odor, pour distilled vinegar into a bowl.

Banks from paint and painting tools must be stored outside the residential premises. If there is no such possibility, it is necessary to wrap the material into a plastic bag and tie. Painting of the walls should be performed strictly in the ventilated room. For this purpose, you need to open all windows and doors.

You can use the fan, which is directed towards the window, creating drafts in the apartment.

Before painting the walls of the bathroom, it is necessary to handle the surfaces with a special antiseptic so that the mold and fungus are not formed in the future. You should not apply the paint too thick layer, otherwise it will be spread, after drying, waves will appear. If defects and irregularities of the first paint layer are detected, they can be covered, clean it with subsequent staining. Rust from the surface of the walls is removed by hot water, after which the plane is treated with copper sulfate.

Interesting examples in the interior

When applying paint on the walls in various ways you can achieve stunning effects. Consider the most popular ideas in the interior that can be created with your own hands.

Combination

You can use a combination of different shades. The main thing is that the colors are combined with each other. When using barely notable transitions, it is better to take one color as a basis using a few of its shades, or to paint the surface with two combined shades (for example, beige and light gray). The gradient color is very popular, which is a smooth transition from bright shades to darker, or the transition from one color to another (for example, blue and red, white and black, green and yellow). A gradient color will look like a gradient in use with curved lines and patterns.

Borders

Creating certain boundaries on the walls looks fashionable, exquisitely and elegant. Also, the borders allow to divide the large room into separate areas. It is often happening that the borders turned out uneven. To hide disadvantages, use decorated elements (panels, borders, stripes). Such staining is suitable for any room. If you apply the decor in the shape of a shiny strip, the original style is minimalism or high-tech.

Horizontal division

In this case, it is allowed to use different colors. For example, white bottom black top. It is necessary to carry out the border at 2/3 of the floor. To visually increase the height of the walls, it is better to use dark colors for staining at the bottom, and the top of painting in light tones (a good option is white color). It is possible to use a large number of horizontal narrow strips, which visually increase the room in the width, but in this case the ceiling may seem low.

Fascination with the wall

The focusing of the wall is the selection of a certain wall.

This option in the interior is used in two options:

  • Using a darker shade of the same color as the rest of the walls.
  • Application of another color, which is combined with the basic tint.

Due to this method of staining, all attention will be drawn on the wall. In the bedrooms it is better to use gentle shades, in children's rooms it is recommended to apply bright colors that like children.

Stencils

An easy way to apply painting is carried out using special stencils that can be purchased at any construction store. They can be made with their own hands. Stencil drawings are applied to the base layer of paints, which can be an addition to the image of the interior.

Rooms

The color of the walls and the selection of the color palette depends on the purpose of the room. For young children's room, it is better to use delicate light shades. Screaming shades are better not to apply in bedrooms, soft calm tones that create comfort are appropriate. For dining room and kitchen, the use of bright colors (for example, orange, white and pink) is recommended. Wall painting technology can be called creative. With your own hands, using paint, you can create various works of art by adding uniqueness to the interior.

About how to paint the walls in the apartment with your own hands, see the next video.

1Types of paints for interior

For painting walls indoors, as well as for coloring ceilings, emulsion paints diluted with water are most often used. They are easily applied, well distributed over the surface, resistant to different impacts and perfectly clean. For the most part these are matte paints. The properties of emulsion paints (resistance to washes, erasing, and the so-called coating force) depend on their variety and quality of resins and pigments used for their production. These factors affect the price of the product. Among the wide range, you can choose both single-layer paints and paints, which should be painted in two or three layers to get a smooth, beautiful surface.

The most commonly applies the following types of paints:

Acrylic paints - on the basis of acrylic resins: smear well, do not have an unpleasant smell, resistant, have good covering properties. There is a large selection of acrylic paints with different parameters of covering properties and sweating resistance;

Vinyl paints - Easy to use, give the surfaces a beautiful matte hue. They are covered with surfaces are subject to pollution, but are easily clean. Unfortunately, poorly passes water vapors;

Acrylic vinyl paints - possess the properties of the two previous types of paints;

Latex paints - Very durable, resistant to sunlight (UV). They are more resistant to erasing and washing than acrylic emulsions, have excellent covering characteristics. Dry quickly, but have a characteristic smell;

Acrylic Latex Paints - Designed for painting rooms with high humidity or those rooms, where the walls are susceptible to intensive effects (contamination) or damage, for example, corridors, staircases. Such paints are both durable, and elastic, but do not miss water vapors;

In addition to these colors, mineral paints are used. It is also water-dispersive emulsions that are divided into the following types:

Lime paints (based on lime hated) - these are inexpensive paints, but today is rarely used due to the fact that the surface painted is difficult to keep clean (pollution from them are not flushed);

Silicate paints - Liquid potash glass can act as a binder, which enters into a reaction with the basis containing lime. They give a very resistant easily cleaning and possess steam-mindedness. This is quite expensive paints, most often used for painting facades;

Cement paints - (the binder is cement) allow you to obtain a resistant coating, but it is rarely applied, including due to the invalid of color;

A separate group consists of enamel paints. They are intended mainly for painting wooden surfaces, but also are often used for painting panels, chapels (perfectly hide stains):

Oil (pigments suspension in various olifahs) or chlorinated Paints give durable and well-washable coatings. They are matte, semi-wave and shiny;

Acrylic - deeply penetrate the surface, resistant to erasing, are used in the same cases as oil and chlorinated, while allowing the walls to "breathe". Acrylic enamels are also in the form of water-soluble paints;

Evolved Adhesive paints - The binding in them is vegetable, animal or synthetic glue. Now there are no white paints, but only the so-called methylocellulose which give interesting effects of the decoration of the walls (produced in the form of a dry mix). To apply them, preparation will be prepared as well as a special unit. Such paints give a strong coating to erasure, but not washing;

Structural paints - Very fashionable today a group of paints for walls. They have a kind of thick, plastic mass, give the walls decorative texture. To apply them, various tools are used (special rollers, spatulas, tampons, etc.). A wide selection of additives (pigments that attach any color, acrylic wax for walls or impregnation from moisture) allows you to realize any decorator idea.

2Color selection

Buying paint today you can choose almost any color and shade. Most manufacturers of finished paints have their own palette in which each color is called and its code. Now in many stores you can find the items of computer selection and mixing of colors. It is enough to come there, having a code, and workers will prepare you the desired amount of paint of a certain color. Color can also be chosen according to the samples provided.

3Required tools and additional materials

INSTRUMENTS

Painting tools

Protection of indoor pollution

Before painting on the floor, a dense polyethylene film should be seized. Framugets and wallpapers must be saved by a painting ribbon. Also polyethylene need to close radiators and windows.

4Preparation of walls to coloring (base preparation)

1. The surface under painting should be dry and purified from contamination (especially from fat or precipitate from gas stoves) and dust.

2. If the wall is new, it must be primed (in order to align the absorbent properties of different types of plaster and increase the grip). This applies to both traditional plasters and new walls or suspended ceilings from plasterboard plates.

3. If the wall has already been painted, the state of the old paint should be estimated. Even the paint of the highest quality can be peeling if the basement of the base is bad. Old surfaces that are in good condition is enough to wash or spend. At the same time, thick or exfoliated layers of old paint need to be removed (for example, a spatula or scraper), and then primed.

4. Do not apply different types of paints to each other (for example, an acrylic emulsion for lime or glue paints), since the applied paint will fall behind. It is possible to start the color only after the entire old paint is removed, and the plaster is washed with painting soap.

5. All dents, cracks, scratches or traces from mechanical exposure must be sharpened, align in shallow emery paper, spending it, after which it is necessary to primed the entire wall. This will obtain a homogeneous surface without matte spots on the processed places.

6. All surface color changes, stains or faded places indicate the presence of mold or fungus. It is necessary to check them. If it is superficial spots, it is enough before painting to apply an antifungal drug. If the changes penetrated deep into the plaster or into the wall, you should seek advice to a specialist. Perhaps it will be necessary to knock down the plaster and apply the methods of biological treatment of the wall. It is important to properly dry the surface in front of the painting itself.

Preparation of walls under painting

ATTENTION

There is always any reason to overvoltage, it is necessary to eliminate it before you start painting. The presence of mold or fungus is most often the result of constant inclination in the wall. Sometimes it is only a hydraulic problem (sublifting, no insulation or incorrectly made isolation) or the absence of proper ventilation. All special character operations should be carried out under the supervision of a specialist, as biological parasites, and anti-them preparations can be very dangerous to health.

7. Wall panels before re-painting should be mastered with fine-grained emery paper.

8. Buttones from rust, nicotine and fat should be insulated with a special preparation or paint based on the solvent.

9. If wallpaper is glued on the walls, you can remove them, but if they are in good condition (without scratches, breaks, do not dug and do not fall behind the walls along the edges), then you can paint on top of them.

10. Wallpaper removal may be difficult (depending on the glue used). Previously be richly wetted with water with water or, as a last resort, use a simple perforator, and then a special fluid for removing old wallpaper. This will help simultaneously get rid of the rest of the wallpaper glue on the wall.

Removing wallpapers when painting walls

Council

To find out whether it is necessary to remove the old paint, it is enough to carry out a small experiment. Stick a piece of self-adhesive tape on the wall and cut it sharply. If there are paint pieces on a torn ribbon, it means that before painting it is necessary to consider the old paint from the wall.

5Painting preparation

Before use, any paint needs to be thoroughly stirred. Paints for walls are most convenient to stir with a mixer and electric drill.

Dusting of paints. Most of the paints for the walls, if they are too thick, you can dilute before applying the first layer, for example, with clean water (maximum 5%). But some paints (mostly top quality or mixed) can be spoiled. The corresponding information is indicated by the manufacturer on the packaging of this paint.

A small amount of paint pour into a bucket or a greasy tray. You should thoroughly close with paint after this so that the paint does not dry.

How to paint the walls

6Coloring ceilings and walls

Before the painting wall should be dry. In the process of staining, the room temperature should not be below 5 ° C. Air humidity should not exceed 80%.

Information on how many layers of paint should be applied to the wall, always on the package. There is also information about its consumption and how long paint dries.

First you need to paint the ceilings. For convenience, you can use a staircase or a telescopic handle to which the larger roller is attached. In this way, it is also convenient to paint highly located fragments of walls.

How to paint the ceiling rollerHow to paint the walls with roller

Ceiling paint stripes. Each next strip must be superimposed on the previous one. Strips should be directed from the deployment window.

Staining walls should be started from the corners.

For their coloring, it is best to use round rollers.

Staining the ceiling roller

How to paint the walls with roller

Council

To apply paint on the walls, you can use a wide brush or roller. Color starts from windows, and ends near the doors. Coloring with a wide brush requires skill and physical strength. It is the most convenient to paint with a painting roller with a dripping paint.

A good paint wall covering is achieved, if you alternately perform vertical, horizontal and diagonal strokes.

How to paint the walls

To the edges of the joints on the wall when painting in different colors were smooth, you can stick painting tape.

Mobile walls in the bathroom

ATTENTION

By buying a painting tape for the edges, you should pay attention to how long it can stay on the wall (ribbons are offered to the choice of 6 and 14 days). Different quality of adhesives used for the production of ribbons may be absorbed into the base, which leads to damage to the painted surface when removing the tape.

Inaccessible places

Sockets

Painting area around sockets should be gently produced by a small tassel.

How to paint walls around sockets

Walls behind radiators

These places are best painted with a small roller with a long handle.

How to paint walls behind radiators

Window Rama

Before painting, carefully salary the frames with a painting ribbon. For staining, use a small flat brush or a small roller.

How to paint the walls around the window

Place of wall joints and ceiling

In these places it is more convenient to use a roller with a metal plate. The plate separates from the roller with the paint, the place that should not be painted. When macania such a roller in the paint, the plate should be bent so that the paint does not get to it.

How to paint the walls on the joints

7Decorative coloring

Decoration with template

Various decoration techniques will allow add accents to the wall-covered walls covered with a homogeneous layer. The easiest way is to use a ribbon with a template.

A tape is pasted on the painted wall, which is painted with a paint of another color. After removing the tape on the wall, a decorative pattern remains.

Decorative coloring of walls

Council

Buying templates, you should buy a small special tassel for them. Flat cropped hairs such a tassel simplify painting of parts.

Other ways to decorate

Options for decorating walls

You can also use structural paints that are applied with a spatula or grater (like plaster). They create a thick texture of a certain pattern on the wall. Depending on what tools you will use, you can achieve different effects of surface design, using the same paint (traditional Greek plaster smoothed manually).

For the scenery of the walls, you can also use colors of two colors. After the painting of the room in one color, the other color can be applied, for example, with the help of a tissue or a special sponge.

Council

Very interesting effects can be obtained using wax for walls: colorless or defined color. It creates the volume of invoice and emphasizes the specific character of the drawing, simultaneously protecting the wall from moisture and pollution.

With the help of staining of the walls, you can originally decorate the room. The combinations of various colors and shades will help emphasize the interior, highlight a separate zone in the room and give it a modern look. Before painting it is important to conduct preparatory work and choose the appropriate paint, the result depends on this. Therefore, it is important to find out how to paint the walls in the apartment.

Types of colors

paint

For painting walls in the apartment most often used water-emulsion paints. They are easily applied, quickly dry, safe for health and they have no smell. There are the following types of water exchange:

  1. Vinyl. It is easy to apply on the walls, the surface can be washed. Cons: poorly passes water vapor, painting is allowed only by one layer.
  2. Acrylic. Acrylic acid-based paint, which will quickly dry after applying and does not fade over time. The advantage over oil enamels - the surface is not peeled, does not crumble and has greater durability.
  3. Acrylic vinyl. Finishing material that combines the properties of acrylic and vinyl.
  4. Latex. The composition includes aqueous dispersion with rubber particles. The coating is distinguished by resistance to external influences, does not contain substances harmful to health and possesses vapor permeability.
  5. Acrylo-latex. Paint combining in its composition acrylic with latex particles.
  6. Silicate. Based on material - liquid glass. The paint has high resistance, the surface of the coating can be washed.
  7. Cement. The composition includes white cement and other additives. After mixing with water when applied to the surface forms a film. It has moisture resistance and vapor permeability.
  8. Lime. Lime-based paint has bactericidal properties. The advantage - lines the surfaces after repeated cosmetic repair.

Enamels occupy the second place after the water-emulsion. There are the following types:

  • Oil. Olife-based coatings, possess the smell. When applied, form a smooth surface. There are matte, glossy and half-one;
  • glue. As part of the material: glue, chalk and kel. Coating after applying on the walls - durable, but not moisture-resistant;
  • Acrylic enamels are distinguished by the resistance to the erasure, do not delay moisture inside the walls;
  • structural. The paint consists of a plastic mass, with which you can give the wall texture to the walls.

What paint paint paint walls

When choosing a finishing material, it is necessary to evaluate the following characteristics:

  • environmental friendliness;
  • type of coating;
  • duration of service life;
  • Drying time;
  • amount of layers;
  • coating care;
  • damage resistance;
  • Paint consumption.

The choice of material depends on the room in which walls will be stained. For pediatric and kitchen, preferably washable paints, which can be updated if necessary.

Required tools

For self-painting it is necessary to prepare the following materials:

  • rollers of various sizes and a length of a pile;
  • telescopic handle for roller;
  • Paint Bath;
  • Tassels.

Tassels

With the help of brushes of various sizes, you can cry out the corners and other hard-to-reach places. Purchase high-quality rollers and brushes so that when painting on the walls there are no pile and hairs.

Rollers with an average pile are suitable for frosted paints, with long - for staining of uneven surfaces, with a short-sulk.

Preparation of the surface of the wall

On properly prepared walls, paint will fall in a beautiful layer, without the formation of irregularities and swolves.

Stages of preparation:

  1. From the surface to remove old wallpaper or paint. Walls are desirable to wash with a solution of ammonia or vinegar.
  2. Treat deeply permeable primer.
  3. An uneven surface must be aligned, for this use plaster.
  4. It is necessary to apply the finishing layer - putty.
  5. After drying the material, the layer is maintained by sandpaper to give a smooth surface.
  6. The walls prepared under painting are processed by primer - two layers. The procedure will prevent the formation of fungus and mold, as well as provide the best grip grip with the surface

It should be borne in mind that some species are applied to perfectly smooth walls. If this condition is not followed, the paint will emphasize any irregularities and flaws on the surface.

Types of paint

There are four main species of paints: water-emulsion, water-dispersion, acrylic and alkyd.

Water-emulsion paint

The composition of the water-emulsion is a suspension of aqueous solution with particles of polymers and pigments in suspended state. There are the following types:

  1. Silicone. Thanks to vapor permeability, it is possible to use in rooms with high humidity: kitchens, bathrooms.
  2. Acrylic. Universal paint with particles of synthetic polymers. You can use for painting walls in any rooms of the residential room.
  3. Mineral. Cement-based material or hazed lime.
  4. Latex emulsions moisture resistant. The composition is aqueous dispersion with natural juice of rubber plants. The properties correspond to acrylic paint.
  5. Silicate. Liquid glass-based paint, with the addition of coloring pigments. Sustainable and high-quality material for finishing any premises.
  6. Polyvinyl acetate hydrophobic. The type of finishing material, which consists of an emulsion with painting pigments and other substances. You can paint the walls in the residential premises.

The properties of the finishing material depends on the binder component.

Water-dispersive paint

Water-dispersion paints include compositions with vinyl acetate, butadienestrol and acrylic copolymers. After coating, the water evaporation and the particles of copolymers stick together, as a result, a uniform film is formed.

From the type of copolymer in dispersion depends on the application of the finishing material:

  • Butadienestyrene use for painting walls and ceiling in indoor rooms with non-light lighting, due to a tendency to burn apart;
  • Vinyl acetate - apply for painting walls in dry rooms;
  • Acrylic is the most popular view of the coating for the walls in the rooms and the facade.

Water-dispersive paint is considered the most eco-friendly and convenient for application. Most often it is used for painting residential premises.

The dispersion must be stored in a warm room, during freezing it loses its properties.

Acrylic paint

Finishing material, which is a water dispersion based on polyacrylate. Paint with the help of kernels can be given different colors. They are easily applied and comfortable in care. There are no solvents in the composition, so the material is environmentally safe. Acrylic can be applied to the surface from any material.

Used for painting walls and ceiling in residential premises. There are interior and facade materials based on acrylic.

Alkyd paint

Types of enamel based on a solvent and alkyd varnish, which include various additives to give color. Paints are used for internal and outdoor work. Different resistance to abrasion. There are three types:

  • glossy;
  • matte;
  • semimatic.

Alkyd paint is divided into two types:

  • Pentafthaled - used in production for painting floors and metal products;
  • Gliftless - quick-drying kind of paint - 24 hours.

There are enamels that dry for 6-6.5 hours.

Paints for residential rooms

For painting walls in residential rooms, the finishing material must comply with security criteria. The coating after applying should not be separated into the air, harmful substances under the influence of temperature drops.

Paints for residential rooms

Water-based paints

When choosing a material for staining walls in residential premises, it is necessary to consider the advantages and disadvantages of each type.

Water-emulsion

Based on water-level paints - polyvinyl acetate. Suitable for staining of walls in rooms with medium humidity. Advantages of finishing material:

  • good clutch with the surface;
  • passes water vapors;
  • ease of application;
  • Good coating is enough 1-2 layers;
  • a variety of shades, thanks to the addition of a flaker;
  • Low cost.

Disadvantages of paint:

  • susceptible to mechanical effects;
  • does not tolerate high humidity;
  • Does not hide the shortcomings of the surface.

Paint is suitable for dyeing residential rooms, except kitchens and bathrooms.

Water-dispersion silicone

The composition of water-dispersion paints contains silicone, due to which the coating acquires a smooth look. The material has the following advantages:

  • ease of application;
  • smooth surface;
  • smoothes cracks to two millimeters;
  • vapor permeability;
  • burnout resistance;
  • does not require a perfectly smooth surface;
  • You can wash;
  • Resistance to mechanical damage.

The disadvantages of water-dispersion paints include high cost.

It can be applied on the walls of any room, especially kitchens and bathrooms, corridors.

Acrylic water dispersion

The composition of acrylic paint contains polymers, most often resin and oil. The pluses of finishing material include:

  • environmental Safety;
  • resistance to humidity;
  • coating "breathing", which prevents the formation of mold;
  • hides cracks up to 1 mm;
  • paint does not crack;
  • Resistance to damage: scratches, chips.

Acrylic suspension according to its properties and characteristics corresponds to water-dispersion paint. According to some parameters, it is inferior to: to score walls, not less than 2-3 layers must be applied, vapor permeability is slightly smaller. You can use in any room.

Decorative texture paints

At the heart of decorative texture paints - acrylic dispersion with various additives: sand, mineral fibers and other substances with which the relief can be formalized.

Pluses of material:

  • Allow the factory drawing on the walls. With the help of a new modern finishing material, you can create an imitation of the aged surface or tissue;
  • Applied to any surfaces: drywall, chipboard, fiberboard, concrete and others;
  • Pre-preparation of the surface is necessary.

Depending on the additive, texture paint differs in thickness, so it can be applied with a spatula, brush or roller.

Paints for bathrooms, kitchens and corridors

Kitchens and bathrooms are distinguished by the content of high humidity. Therefore, it is necessary to choose a paint that possesses vapor permeability and resistant to the effects of abrasive agents.

Paints for bathrooms and kitchens

Alkid formulations

The basis of alkyd paints includes mixtures on the olife and varnish, on consistency - oily. Advantages of enamels:

  • low cost;
  • moisture resistance;
  • Resistance to burnout and high temperatures;
  • Choosing a type of coating.

Disadvantages:

  • Strong smell;
  • loses color brightness over time;
  • can be sewn over long-term operation;
  • Well prepared surface for painting.

Enamel is suitable for painting heating radiators, bathroom or corridor.

Silicate-based paints (liquid glass)

The finishing material based on liquid glass is suitable for concrete and brick surfaces. Its composition contains substances that prevent the formation of fungus and mold. Pluses of silicate paint:

  • material strength;
  • vapor permeability;
  • alkaline resistance;
  • ease of care;
  • Resistance to temperature drops.

Minuses of silicate-based coatings:

  • The surface of the walls must be carefully cleaned if they were previously painted with acrylic or alkid;
  • toxicity when applied;
  • It is difficult to remove the paint layer when updating the decor.

Silicate suspension You can give any color using a koller. If the solution is too thick, it can be dissolved with water.

Design painting walls

To create a beautiful and original decor in the apartment of the wall can be painted with combined colors, or make an emphasis using the selection of a certain zone.

Horizontal separation into two or three zones

With a combination of 2-3 colors, you can divide the room into several zones, which are separated by a horizontal strip.

You can use as a separator:

  • Moldings;
  • Scotch at painting, which will create a smooth border at the junction of the paints.

Color gamut may be different. The main condition: the bottom of the shade is darker than in the upper part of the walls.

Separation zones can be at any height of the room. It should be borne in mind that the higher the dark shade zone, the lower the visually ceiling.

Fascination with the wall

Wall selection by color will help to focus a separate zone to the room. Coloring options There are different:

  • The color of the wall is a few shades of brighter source;
  • Another coloring that will be combined with the interior in the room.

Focus on the wall

Such a combination is suitable for children's rooms and living rooms.

Horizontal strip

A wide horizontal band will help to highlight the decor area. These may be paintings or other elements of the interior. The band is located at the level of the person. The shade can be combined with the main color of the walls or furniture objects, decor in the room.

This design is suitable for children's, living rooms, bedrooms.

Horizontal strip

Striped walls

Interesting and unusual design can be given with striped walls. One wall in the room will look original, with multicolored horizontal stripes. You can use a combination of both two and more shades. Multicolored stripes will help create a bright design for the children's room.

When designing striped walls, think carefully the design of the room so that the painting does not look at Alapisto.

Selection of some details of the interior

Using the selection of interior parts, you can visually enlarge the room. Usually the walls are painted in light color. An angles, niches, details on the contour of the room and other elements are distinguished by another color.

The correct selection of paint and the preparation of the walls will help beautifully arrange an apartment. When choosing a finishing material, it is necessary to take into account the characteristics of the paint and the type of room in which painting will be made. Main conditions - safety, durability and ease of care.

Subtleties of painting walls in the apartment do it yourself

The dream of every good owner is to bring your own apartment to the perfect state. At the same time, high-quality modern repairs affecting the imagination features of the design and the use of the latest technologies, the average citizen will probably be not affordable. In this situation, the hosts are looking for inexpensive solutions using the cheapest consumables, and even refusing to pay wages of the master, preferring to perform repairs independently.

For a long time, staining remains the most economical view of the wall repair, but if earlier such an outlet was considered far from the best, today a wide selection of paints, as well as a competent approach to the organization of the process allow you to achieve a worthy result for small money.

Features

Painting of walls in the apartment is popular among the owners in many ways because they are able to fulfill such a procedure personally. For this, no special knowledge or skills are required - it is enough to have at least a minimal experience in the brush (such should remain from the time of study at school) and comply with the exact procedure of actions so that the result is reached and aesthetically attractive, and durable.

If the paint is quite rare for decoration of walls in residential premises, it still remains very relevant in the premises of the economic purpose. Properly chosen dyes are much better to withstand the effects of water, high temperatures and steam, than even good wallpaper would have done, while the painted surface was not worse than the tile, but it is much cheaper. If necessary, repaint the wall for the sake of cosmetic repair or design update is also quite simple - the procedure will take a maximum of a couple of days and, again, will not require any assistance.

In general, the color of the walls is considered one of the cheapest solutions. It is necessary to take into account a number of possible additional costs. First of all, it all depends on the availability of the walls, because they should be smooth and clean, otherwise they will have to pre-level and clean from any contamination, which can lead to an increase in costs even several times. In addition, for better clutch of paint with a wall, it is desirable to use soil mixtures, ideally in several layers, which also increases the cost of the project.

A separate cost point is to purchase painting tools, if any, of course, it will not work out for free. First of all, you will need brushes, ideally - two: wide for the appearance of large spaces and thin - for drawing small parts and painting of hard-to-reach places. If the latter is not so much, but the smooth surface of the walls is large enough, it makes sense to acquire and the painting roller, which will significantly speed up the process. It is still necessary to choose correctly depending on the type of surface of the wall: foam for smooth surfaces, fur - for rough. When buying a roller, it will also be necessary for a greasy cuvette - a special container with a relief bottom that allows the coloring surface of the tool to be fully impregnated with paint. If you need to provide a clear contour separating the surface of one color from the surfaces of another shade, do not do without a special plastic spatula or painting tape.

Finally, for high-quality stitching of the coloring mixture (especially if different colors were mixed), a special nozzle-mixer for electric drills is purchased.

This toolkit is typical, but not mandatory and not exhaustive. To simplify staining, crapped or even aerosol type cans can be used to replace brushes and rollers. With a small area of ​​the room and the use of paint without mixing shades in some cases, they refuse from a drill with a mixer, replacing it with any girlfriend like a stick.

If we talk about the amount of paint needed to paint the walls in the house, it needs to be carefully calculated in advance, because with a sudden shortage of the material of the work, it will have to be interrupted, and it's good if the pieces of walls painted with a recouunt mass will not differ in shades. Such calculations are performed on a fairly simple formula, according to which it is necessary to calculate the area of ​​all walls planned to staining. For this, the height of each wall is multiplied by its width, and if there are several such walls, the area of ​​all walls is summed up. Although the window and doorways are often included in this area, it should not be deducted - this will ensure that the paints are enough. Manufacturers in the instructions on banks usually indicate the typical consumption of their products per square meter - it is sufficient to multiply this indicator on the area of ​​its walls, and add 15% for insurance to get the amount of paint desired for staining in one layer. If a multi-layer painting is planned, the required volume of the material is multiplied by the number of layers.

Types of paint

That the result is high-quality and durable, it is necessary to properly select the type of paint. To date, there are several varieties of painting substances for repair, each of which has advantages and disadvantages. All of them must be taken into account in the process of choice.

Water-emulsion paint

Water-level paints are well suited for staining of rooms with medium humidity, so they can be used for painting walls and interior doors in the apartment's living part. Such a substance is perfectly engaged with most types of surfaces and "breathing", passing water vapors, and, accordingly, having a mushroom development. This type can not buy the desired color - the consumer can independently add to the colorless mass of the necessary dyes to get the desired shade with perfect accuracy, and most importantly, all this is quite inexpensive. Another thing is that the water emulsion is not suitable for such premises with high humidity, as a kitchen or bathroom, it also does not hide the irregularities of the wall, therefore requires the perfect surface preparedness.

The choice in favor of this type of dye should not be made when repairing in the nursery, as it is unstable to mechanical damage.

Water-dispersive paint

Water-dispersion paints based on silicone are compatible with all types of surface and undemanding to careful preparation of the wall - the film formed during drying can hide disadvantages and cracks up to 2 mm. The painted surface is capable of withstanding almost any tests - it does not peel off from humidity, it does not crack from the blows and does not crumble, it does not fade from the sun rays. You can use silicone dyes in the premises of any type, but the only drawback can scare the potential buyer - quite high cost.

Acrylic paint

Acrylic paint can be relatively fively replaced by silicone, but some advantages will be less - in particular, the disadvantages of the wall now should no longer exceed 1 mm. The paint consumption is likely to also increase somewhat - it has a slightly smaller shelterness, so it will have to paint in several layers. Its species is also the textured decorative paint, which, hidden, forms a surface with a specific texture - its advantages and disadvantages are completely similar to the ordinary acrylic composition.

Alkyd paint

Alkyd paints include mixtures based on olifa or varnish, respectively, are called oil or enamel, but the characteristics are very similar. They acquire them most often for a very low cost, so they will suit those who saved with all their might. At the same time, alkyd dyes are quite resistant to high humidity and temperature, as well as to burnout on the solar rays, and even can add aesthetics to repair due to the possibility of choosing in favor of glossy or matte low tide. However, a solvent with a very caustic smell is used to disperse such paints, which dismisses not quickly, so such a decision is somehow appropriate to the bathroom, but it is hardly suitable for residential rooms, in particular, for children. In addition, the wall painted by alkyd paints, after a certain period of time loses the brightness of the tone, and then can begin to be brought.

Design

The prejudice view of the paint as a boring material for wall decoration takes place because earlier, when choosing in favor of such a solution, the wall was painted entirely, while modern ideas are to combine different decoration elements.

This applies not only to color, but also a distinguished texture - such a combination almost always looks original and interesting, allowing to distinguish the emphasis, visually increase or decrease the size of the room.

Different rooms use different aesthetic moves. In the bedroom, for example, it is permissible to paint into one tone even all the walls, because here the accent can be moved, say, on window textiles. At the same time, it is in the living room that you need to choose paints with any unusual effect, since the requirements of relatively special endurance are not extended here. The textured paints that are imitation of the same silk will help to decorate it. The unusual practice of recent years is to paint the walls of the gradient when the shades are smoothly moving from one to another. Such a decor looks stylish and modern.

For the bathroom and kitchen, priority quality is not aesthetic effect, but the ability to withstand complex conditions - for example, constant humidity, high temperatures and more abundant than in other rooms, the use of caustic detergents. Under the cuisine, a focus can be a piece of wall, experiencing the maximum load - the so-called apron, which is often laid out of the tile; Then you should decide on the colors in such a way that they are well combined and there were either close shades of one color, or differ radically.

Painting of the walls is appropriate and in the conditions of purely economic premises - in particular, pantry. Here, even the cheapest oil paint will be practical than wallpaper, and the owners rarely come up with brilliant artistic ideas, choosing one calm tone of colored paint and whitewashed ceilings for this room.

The choice of color is able to influence the perception of the room as a whole - Small rooms advise "to increase" due to the choice of bright wall decoration, and vice versa - inappropriately bulky "reduce" dark tones. In addition, all modern designers advise to choose a specific color depending on which side the windows of the room. If they come to the south, the room probably experiences overstruction of sunlight and heat, and cold shades can make the situation a little more comfortable. On the contrary, there are a feeling of eternal winter and cool windows in rooms, which is not always comfortable, because it is more appropriate to use juicy warm tones.

When choosing a shade, obtained by mixing different colors, it is necessary to knead the whole mixture immediately, otherwise the slightest deviation in proportions can divide the room to different "zones".

In addition, you should be careful when choosing a type of paints so that it does not turn out that they burn into the sun. It may turn out that soon after the repair, the initial idea will be disturbed, or, worse, one side of the original one-photon room will suddenly become brighter than another.

Technology of work

The technology of painting walls in the apartment does not contain any too complex tasks, but it consists of a variety of stages that skip it is undesirable to avoid deterioration of the final result.

First of all, it is recommended to remove old paint or any other finish, otherwise it is possible to exfoliate a new coating together with pieces of the previous one, which managed to wear. How to remove the previous finish, depends only on how it is type. In some cases, it is possible to stain on the old layer. For example, some types of paint or special wallpapers are subject to re-staining, but in this case you need to make sure that such a base is still reliably held by the wall. Regardless of whether it was decided to leave an old repair or not, the surface must be cleaned of any extraneous pollution, as they do not contribute to adhesion.

In the case when the old coating was still removed, probably the problem of the irregularities of the walls occurs. It must be eliminated with maximum thoroughness, since paint is not the best masking material. Alignment is carried out using cement-sandy solution or putty, and in the most difficult cases - drywall. The installed plasterboard sheets decide once a number of tasks, among which - the removal of old coating, cleaning and alignment of the walls, but such a step can significantly increase the cost of repair and certainly slightly reduce the room. After the wall is cleaned and leveled, it should be carefully predicted. Thanks to this, the paint will become better to connect to the surface and its consumption will decrease. The primer is not suitable for any - you need to choose that species, which is combined with the selected paint type.

Only when the soil is completely dried, you can start directly to painting.

Proper coloring technique involves both horizontal and vertical strokes Since only this is achieved uniformity of tone. At the same time, the drums of paint are unacceptable - they will remain well visible even after drying, which is unlikely to give the repair of aesthetics. In order to avoid leakage, you should gently dilute the dye. You do not need to add too much water or solvent there. At the same time, some types of inexpensive paint are sold exclusively in white, then they will have to spawn the most special color supplement, which allows you to perfectly get the right shade.

Stages of staining must be respected in a strict sequence. Today it is not customary to paint the paint of one color literally the entire surface of the walls, so they should be pre-divided into sections, separated by painting scotch. Staining involves applying only a few horizontal bands, which are then chosen perfectly pressed against paint tool - brush or roller. To finish the decisive, it follows the movement from top to bottom - as the excessive paint could be dragged.

When using paint different colors for figure staining without marking with special painting scotch, it is not necessary to do - then random "getting out" beyond the scope of the necessary will remain on it, and not on the walls. You need to unwind such a painting tape only after full drying of the paint, otherwise the contour disorders can not be avoided.

If there are pipes in the room, which also need to be painted, it is worth it from them. The surface of the pipes and the space behind them are hard-to-reach places, however, this part of the interior in the painted form can greatly interfere with the color of the walls.

Inexperienced people, performing painting of walls, try to neutralize the unpleasant heavy smell of dyes on the basis of olifa by simple ventilation. There is no way to act in any case, because the drafts of the frozen paint are contraindicated - it is fraught with uneven frozen, which will lead to the deformation of the coating.

Tips and recommendations

Although the procedure for staining the walls does not seem complicated, There are some tips, which will contribute to improving the quality of the final result:

  • Although the bank is paint and monophonic, the formation of clots with long-term storage is very likely.

And they, in turn, can cause a lardon of brightness, so after opening the bank, the substance must immediately stir.

  • To increase the strength of the painted surface, you can also add a layer of varnish, and in the case of decorative types of texture dye, this step is simply necessary.
  • Any paint is very demanding of the atmosphere inside the room until it finally freezes. Specialists argue that the temperature in the room should be within 5-20 degrees above zero, and the moisture level is close to 60%. The probability to spoil the repair by incorrect conditions when it is carried out so great that professionals even use special air humidifiers.
  • For the cleaning of walls from different types of pollution, age-proven agents are used: 10% solution of copper sulfate from rust, 5% solution of soda from fat, antiseptics from mold and fungus. After processing the stains, the applied substance together with mud is washed off with a wall with clean water.
  • If the work failed to complete in one reception and is assumed a rather long break in the process of staining, all used tools must be rinsed thoroughly and dried. Ignoring this procedure is fraught with the drying of the paint and the loss of the elasticity of the beam of the brush or pile of roller, and the absence of drying threatens with rapid and the loss of the initial tool shape.

Beautiful examples

The whole room is painted in one color - green, as an accent, there is a white door in the background, although such a bed linen in red tones can be considered. Plasterboard was used for alignment of the walls.

The kitchen shown in the second image is repaired by a similar scheme. The light green paint tone slightly expands a little space, but at the same time sharply contrasts with apron in color and by texture.

The use of paint in the bathroom is still considered to be a sign of inexpensive and not the most exquisite repairs, but the right choice of the type of dye and the combination of colors can work wonders. On this example, you can see how even the atypical fashionable red color is perfectly combined with whiteness plumbing, which in this interior is the main accent.

About how to paint the walls in the apartment with your own hands, see the next video.

Today, decorative staining of the walls is also popular as a salable of their wallpaper. This is due to the fact that everyone chooses the color in the soul, creates a variety of textures, combines shades as you want. You can apply the painted wall with a relief roller or draw any plot.

Decorative painting is performed in stages. For those who do this for the first time, an instruction is proposed, how to paint the walls.

Preparation for painting

Before painting the walls in the apartment, they must be prepared. First, any old coating is removed from the surface: wallpapers, paint, wall panels, whitewashes. To remove wallpaper, which are glued tightly, use alkyd primer, diluting it with White spirit in proportion of 1: 3.

It is also important that the walls are cleaned of fat spots and fungus. Fat stains well remove acetone. To remove the fungus, fungicidal preparations are used.

After cleaning the walls, they need to be aligned. If there are volumetric potholes, the plaster mixture is used to align them. Microcracks are easily embarrassed by putty.

If the edges of the cracks are creepy, you need to remove the metal spatula to remove the stucco stucco. When the edges cease to crumble, you can fill the crack with a plastering mixture or putty.

Sometimes the walls are very difficult to align. Then they are "sewn" by plasterboard. There are seams between the sheets. They are masked by a sickle - a special painting ribbon. The greater the basic surface will be, the better the paint will fall.

The last stage of preparation is the primer of the walls. After drying it, and it takes about a day, you can paint the walls.

Selecting paint

The choice of paint is not only a question that is better to choose for walls. Paints are different themselves. First of all, it is necessary to take care of your own health and choose safe paint.

The most harmful those that have a sharp smell. This is oil, nitroemal, Emale PF-115 and others. When working with them, you must wear a respirator.

Modern water-based paints do not smell or have a fond, for example, the smell of apple or citrus. In addition, they will dry quickly.

However, they have two drawbacks:

  • The painted surface will not be so shiny, as when staining enamel;
  • The durability of paints on a water basis leaves much to be desired.

When buying paint, you need to watch its consumption per square meter area. As a rule, the smaller this indicator, the thicker paint. But it can be diluted with water or the corresponding solvent indicated in the instructions for use. But you need to understand that liquid paint in one layer may not paint the surface, and you have to dye for the second time.

As a rule, the walls are stained in 2-3 layers. Calculate the number is simple: see how much paint goes per 1 sq. M., multiply this amount on the wall area and the number of layers, plus 20% of the number it obtained. If there are an excess paint, it can be sealed in a jar, and it will continue for a long time.

The degree of humidity of the room also matters when choosing paint for walls. For the bathroom or kitchen, it is better to purchase moisture-resistant paint, which contains anti-grib additives.

More about the types of paints

There are the following types of paints:

Emulsion. They have very good reviews from consumers, as they do not smell, quickly dry, economical at the expense.

Acrylic. Durable, resistant to ultraviolet, are diluted with water, but not used in wet premises.

Latex. Used for painting wallpaper, do not smell, quickly dry, mask small irregularities. Disadvantages: fear of light and expensive.

Water-emulsion. Used to dye plastered walls and ceilings. The texture resembles whitewash liquid lime. Quickly dry, but lay after drying and unstable to abrasion.

Water dispersion. Used for wet premises. Be afraid of minus temperatures.

Silicone. Due to elevated elasticity, cracks and chips are well masked, but they will dry for a long time.

Alkyd. These are familiar oil and enamel. Give a brilliant surface, resistant to abrasion, no moisture is afraid. They have a very sharp smell, adversely affect the human body, dry up to 2 days.

In the texture of paint are smooth, glossy, embossed, imitating natural texture.

Painting of walls with your own hands

To paint the walls with your own hands, you need to prepare a special cuvette with an inclined embossed bottom, roller, roller handle extension, a brush of medium volume, greasy tape, solvent, if the paint is alkyd. It is better to put on the gloves.

Painting scotchpie the ceiling around the perimeter along the walls. It is necessary in order to paint the walls and not stain the ceiling. On the floor to lay polyethylene or newspaper in several layers. You can use old unused wallpaper.

Large squares are convenient painted with roller. Paint is poured into the cuvette. The roller is lowered into the cuvette and rolled the hill several times to the extra paint glass. On the wall, the roller needs to be back up. Watch that the paint lay down to the smooth layer.

For dyeing the top of the walls on the roller handle, put the extension cord - a typical stick or a special nozzle. One wall must be painted at a time, otherwise the boundaries will be visible at the junction of painted on different days. Corners and joints with ceiling and floor to paint the tassel.

The first layer must completely dry, and then will be visible whether it is necessary to paint the second time. As a rule, the second layer of paint leaves a little less. The paint tape from the ceiling must be removed until the paint is completely drying carefully, so as not to blur in its paint. Painting of the walls is over.

How to paint the walls of embossed paint

The embossed texture will depend on what fillers are added to the paint and what size. You can choose the appropriate software, which in the store be sure to display.

It is possible to apply embossed paint with a wide brush, performing strokes are not horizontally and vertically, but chaotic. You can perform brine and spatula to smooth wallpaper. Also used for this purpose rollers with a large pile, embossed surface, or with additional elements. For example, you can tie the cloth ribbons to a major pile.

To apply texture paint with a sponge, performing tangent movements. It turns out a chaotic grainy drawing.

An exclusive method of applying paint allows any variations: with a large combat, confused polyethylene package, palm.

Staining walls - the process is creative. No need to be afraid to experiment. If something goes wrong, you can always remake it. And even better to practice on the walls, such as a garage or basement.

Photo instruction how to paint the walls with your own hands

We also recommend viewing:

Painting of walls: Instructions for those who are not painted at all - Lifehaker

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